Vector-borne disease, dengue, claimed the life of a 10-year-old boy on Wednesday evening, taking the death toll to 13 this year, as compared to the civic body’s record of only five dengue deaths last year. 10-year-old Ziya Ali, passed away in Tardeo’s Bhatia hospital after fighting a four-day battle in the ICU of the privately-run hospital. The patient complained of high fever, dehydration and abdominal pain on Friday, after which he was first rushed to civic-run KEM hospital in Parel.
“We were informed that there were no ICU beds available in the hospital and even at Wadia and Nair Hospitals, due to which he had to be shifted to a private hospital,” said Mohammed Imran, Ziya’s father. Ziya, a Sewree resident, was in a critical state when he was admitted in the ICU. His relatives said that he had been suffering from fever for a week before a blood test conducted at KEM hospital revealed that he had contracted dengue.
“He was put on oxygen support in the casualty ward but he needed a ventilator and a bed in the Intensive Care Unit for further treatment,” added Imran. Ziya died due to multiple organ failure caused by dengue at around 5.30 pm on Wednesday.
When contacted, BMC’s epidemiologist, Dr Mangala Gomare said that she is unaware of this case of dengue death. “I am yet to receive a report about this death,” she said. Dr Dhanshree Kelkar, consultant on infectious diseases in Parel’s Global Hospital said, “Another warning sign patients need to watch out for in the case of dengue shock syndrome (DSS), is abdominal pain, nausea and low blood pressure. The more severe form of the vector-borne disease is dengue hemorrhagic fever and the patient needs to be monitored at least every 12 hours a day.”
The symptoms for dengue hemorrhagic fever include bleeding, respiratory ailments, as well as neurological symptoms where blood transfusions are required to stabilise the patient. “The first group of dengue patients with normal blood and platelet counts need not be admitted and can be treated on OPD basis. However, once we observe that there is liver or renal insufficiency, and the creatinine levels are not normal, the patient has to be admitted,” Kelkar added.
Watch out for these symptoms
While the most common symptoms are high fever, chills, headaches and body aches, the severe symptoms for which one may need to be shifted to the ICU include bleeding, skin rashes, platelet count below 50,000, hypertension and inadequate hydration.