The Beijing No.1 Intermediate People's Court handed the death sentence to Han Lei, 39, on charges of intentional homicide, Xinhua reported.
According to the details of the case, Han grabbed the girl from her carriage and hurled her to the ground in Daxing district of Beijing July 23 after an argument with the toddler's mother over a parking space.
Han fled the scene but was captured the next day.
The girl was severely injured and died days later despite treatment.
Han said at the court Wednesday that he would appeal the death sentence.
Han committed the crime within a year of being released from prison, and be given the death sentence, prosecution said.
In pictures: Bend it like Mumbai yogini Natasha Noel
Photos: Varun, Taapsee, Jacqueline promote 'Judwaa 2' on 'Dance Plus 3'
Instagram's newest sensation: Check out these photos of Bruna Abdullah
Photos: This is how Chitrangda Singh looks without make-up
Photos: Malaika Arora parties wearing see-through lace dress