Jan and Antonina Zabinski’s hid Jews in indoor animal enclosures during World War II
Warsaw: It was World War II, Warsaw was under German occupation, and the wife of the director of the Warsaw zoo spotted Nazis approaching the white stucco villa that she and her family inhabited on the zoo grounds.
The basement of a villa on the grounds of the Warsaw Zoo where dozens of Jews were sheltered during World War II, in Warsaw, Poland. Pic/AP
According to plan, she went straight to her piano and began to play a lively tune from an operetta by Jacques Offenbach, a signal to Jews being sheltered in the house that they should be quiet and not leave their hiding places.
That scenario, repeated over years of war, was one of the tricks that allowed Jan and Antonina Zabinski to save the lives of dozens of Jews, a dramatic chapter in Poland’s wartime drama that was unknown until an American author, Diane Ackerman, published a book about the Polish couple in 2007 called The Zookeeper’s Wife.
The Zabinskis’ remarkable wartime actions, which included hiding Jews in indoor animal enclosures, seem certain to gain even more renown with the inauguration of a permanent exhibition in the villa, an attractive two-story Bauhaus home from the 1930s still on the grounds of the Warsaw Zoo on Saturday.
The exhibition pays homage to the couple with photos of them, sometimes with their beloved zoo animals, in rooms recreated to evoke the wartime period. There are sculptures of animals made by a Jewish artist, Magdalena Gross, who stayed there during the war. Visitors will also be able to see basement chambers where the Jews took shelter, as well as a narrow tunnel they crawled through to reach animal enclosures.
The couple was honoured in 1965 as Righteous Among the Nations by the Yad Vashem Holocaust memorial in Jerusalem.
The development of the exhibition is the work of the zoo and From the Depths, an organisation that works to preserve Jewish memory. The director, Jonny Daniels, says he hopes Warsaw zoo will now become a key stop on the itinerary of Israelis and other Jewish visitors to Poland. The zoo cafe has even agreed to offer some kosher food choices.
The zoo itself also was the site of horrors during the war. In September 1939, when the Germans invaded the country, they bombed the zoo, killing many animals and wreaking destruction that allowed others to escape.
Zabinski then turned the zoo grounds into a pig farm. That allowed him to enter the Ghetto on the pretext of gathering scraps for his pigs, something that allowed him to help the Jews there.