Food special: Undhiyu - Delectable, demystified

Winter is coming. No, we are not talking about the title of the first episode of Game of Thrones, but Undhiyu, an indulgent Gujarati delicacy made of winter greens, whose season begins in mid-November and goes on till February. Phorum Dalal chats with die-hard Undhiyu fans who swear by its roots and technique, and unlocks some of its secrets by visiting one of Mumbai’s oldest establishments serving the dish

Mention Undhiyu and watch a Gujarati’s face light up as he/she swears by all things worldly that the version he/she grew up eating is second to none.

Undhiyu gets its name from the term ‘undhu’ which means ‘upside down’ in Gujarati. PICS/SHADAB KHAN

A delicacy made of winter vegetables, Undhiyu comprises Surti Papdi (an Indian bean that grows in Surat), kand (purple yam), sakariya (sweet potatoes), rajgiri kela (banana), arya kakdi (seedless, zucchini-like cucumber grown in Surat), brinjal, and muthias (steamed and fried wheat balls) — all slow-cooked in a masala of green garlic, green chillies, coriander and
grated coconut.

Undhiyu  is made of brinjal,  Surti papdi, Kand (purple yam), Sakariya (sweet potato) and Arya Kakdi (cucumber)
Undhiyu is made of brinjal, Surti papdi, Kand (purple yam), Sakariya (sweet potato) and Arya Kakdi (cucumber)

Being a Gujarati, I, too, grew up eating Undhiyu, but the version I have come to swear by is the one my mother-in-law makes. Fifty-year-old Dipti Dalal’s eyes brighten up at the very mention of Undhiyu. “Making this dish is a very tedious affair, as the preparation of just its ingredients takes all day. Add to that another four hours to cook the dish.

Finely chopped coriander and grated coconut, some of the dishes core ingredients
Finely chopped coriander and grated coconut, some of the dishes core ingredients

But when I was a child, every member of the house gave a helping hand. All of us would sit in a circle to clean and chop the vegetables, roll the muthiyas, grate the coconut and grind the masala. Communal cooking simplifies the process,” says the Andheri resident, who unfailingly makes the Undhiyu every year during winter. “When I plan to make Undhiyu, I draw up a list of all my friends and neighbours who love the dish, and make it a point to send it across to them. Undhiyu, after all, is a
community delicacy of sorts, so you always make it in bulk,” she smiles.

Chopped green garlic and spring onion used for Undhiyu’s preparation
Chopped green garlic and spring onion used for Undhiyu’s preparation

First, there was Umbadiyu
Undhiyu gets its name from the term ‘undhu’, which means ‘upside down’ in Gujarati. It has its origins in the Umbadiyu, a dish farmers cooked in an earthen pot buried in the earth and set to fire.

“Today, we eat an evolved version of the dish, which is made in large vessels or a cooker at home. There are two types of Undhiyu — one which has garam masala and the Surti Undhiyu, which is more popular and is made with the green masala,” says Rushina Munshaw Ghildiyal, food writer and founder of APB Cook Studio.

Gaurang Shah

All the way from Surat
Surat is 280 km away from Mumbai, but this city is lucky to get a decent supply of fresh vegetables for Undhiyu from the neighbouring state every day.

Gaurang Shah, co-owner of 80-year-old Hiralal Kashidas Bhajiawala at CP Tank, is one of the few in the city who can claim to cook authentic Undhiyu. He makes five to 50 kg of the delicacy daily, and ensures his cooks replicate his grandfather’s age-old recipe using vegetables sourced all the way from Surat.

“My vendor in Surat sends me the supply every day. We make authentic Undhiyu, which is cooked in groundnut oil without any water. The vegetables are first layered in a large vessel — the first layer is of papdi, which takes the longest to cook, followed by kand, brinjal, aloo and kela. Muthias are placed last (at the top), so they don’t fall apart as we begin cooking the dish.

The vessel is topped with coriander and coconut masala. This is the same masala that’s stuffed into each vegetable piece by making a cross-incision,” says Shah, whose grandfather was a caterer in Surat for decades before they moved to Mumbai.

“He cooked elaborate wedding meals and if the guests knew he was the caterer for the evening, they didn’t miss the feast for anything. Today, my 63-year-old brother, Bakul, and I run the shop,” says Shah, who remembers helping out at the shop as a child during busy days and festivals. “My grandfather passed away when I was five, but we had cooks who were trained under him. The taste of our Undhiyu is consistent because every ingredient is acutely measured and added to it,”
says Shah.

Shah knows he is doing it right. Numerous patrons across the city throng his shop during the winter since 30 years. “They often tell me how they were introduced to our Undhiyu by their parents. And while the old generation still wants their share of oil in the dish, the younger lot does ask us to drain excess oil. I always tell them, ‘You need a little grease to keep the bones supple! Work it out in the gym if you like, but enjoy the Undhiyu as it is’,” laughs Shah.

Hiralal Kashidas Bhajiawala has started selling its Undhiyu, but we await that nip in the air. When we call 92-year-old Maganji Purohit, the owner of the 70-year-old legend, Thakkar Bhojnalaya at Kalbadevi, and enquire about the availability of Undhiyu this year, he says, “When all the green veggies are in stock and are of good quality, only then will we serve the Surti delicacy.”

So, while the city markets stock up their Undhiyu ingredients, we suggest you nurture a king’s appetite to savour the traditional dish. While the winter delicacy is devoured on its own, it goes well with a serving of white rice and Gujarati kadhi. “Every household has its traditional recipe, but one thing is common to all Gujarati homes who love their Undhiyu — we slip into a leisurely, deep slumber after the meal,” Dalal signs off.


Serves eight to 12: Time 4 hours

>> 250 ml oil
>> 250 gm Surti Papdi
>> 250 gm green pigeon pea (tuver)
>> 200 gm green peas
>> 200 gm kand
>> 200 gm suran
>> 200 gm sweet potato
>> 200 gm brinjal
>> 4 semi-ripe Rajgiri bananas

For Green Masala:
>> 3 cups coriander, chopped fine
>> 1 cup green garlic and spring onion, chopped fine
>> 1 grated coconut
>> Salt to taste
>> 1 ½ tsp carom seeds (ajwain)
>> ½ tsp hing (asafoetida)
>> 2 tbsp oil for tempering

For the Muthia
>> 1 bunch methi greens, finely chopped
>> 1 ½ tbsp gram flour
>> 2 pods garlic (crushed and finely chopped)
>>z 1 tsp ajwain
>> 2 tsp Coriander-cumin seeds powder
>> 1 tsp red chilli powder
>> 1 tsp turmeric powder
>> 2 tsp sugar (optional)
>> Salt to taste
>> Water for binding
>> Oil for frying

>> For the methi muthia, clean and chop methi, add besan and other ingredients, shape into dumplings using water and oil as desired. Steam till soft and lightly pan fry to make outsides crisp. Set aside
>> For the veggies, string and halve split Surti papdi, shell green lentils and green peas, peel purple yam and suran and cut into big square chunks, cut off brinjal crowns and slit in cross sections
>> Cut banana into chunks leaving the skin on
>> For the Undhiyu, halve the masala and stuff in the above prepared vegetables
>> Heat oil and temper with ajwain and hing, add rest of green masala ingredients (keeping a little on the side for garnish later) and sauté for five minutes, veggies in order of cooking time with the banana chunks and steamed/deep-fried muthias going in last.
>> Cook on low heat with sealed cover. Garnish with the leftover green masala ingredients

Recipe from

Must visit
Thakkar Bhojnalaya, Kalbadevi
Rs 450 per kg
Call: 22069916

Hiralal Kashidas Bhajiawala, CP Tank, Bhuleshwar (Monday closed)
Rs 400 per kg
Call: 22423716

For a baked version, try Soam, Mahalaxmi
Call: 23698080

Kandoi Haribhai Damodar Mithaiwala, MG Road, Ghatkopar East
Call: 25012693

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