The tour schedule also sees 50-over world champions India, who beat England by five runs in the Champions Trophy final at Edgbaston in June, involved in five one-day internationals and a one-day international.
Three of the five Tests will be played at southern venues, Lord's and The Oval in London plus Southampton's Rose Bowl although, as the latter is a relatively new international ground, the Test there is still subject to confirmation following an ECB inspection visit.
Nottingham's Trent Bridge in the English Midlands will stage the first Test with the fourth at Manchester's Old Trafford in the north of the country.
Bowlers on both sides may be concerned by a schedule which sees five Tests due to be crammed into the space of just over a month.
The fact cricket is the leading sport in India, the world's second most populous nation, makes the country the economic powerhouse of the global game.
This is reflected in the hugely lucrative television deals the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) can command, as well as its promotion of the Twenty20 Indian Premier League which sees many of the world's top players earning millions of dollars to play for franchise teams.
Meanwhile the large Indian expatriate community in Britain means matches involving the India national side in England usually attract large crowds.
This was clearly seen during India's 2011 tour of England when more than 850,000 spectators, a record for an international season saw India defeated four-nil in the Test series and three-nil in the one-dayers, with the T20s shared at 1-1.
"This will be the first time England has hosted India in a five Test series in more than 50 years and the length of the series reflects the iconic status which contests between these two great cricketing nations now enjoy," said ECB chief executive David Collier in a statement issued Monday.
"We anticipate significant demand for tickets both for the Test series, and for the One-Day International series which will be the first encounter between these two countries in the 50-over format since India's triumph in the final of the ICC Champions Trophy competition at Edgbaston earlier this year.
"We thank the BCCI for their support and also our international venues who between them helped bring a record number of spectators - more than 850,000 -- to international cricket over the course of the season when India last toured here in 2011."
England beat India 2-1 in India in a Test series last year -- Alastair Cook's first as full-time England captain -- before sharing a two-match Twenty20 series and then losing a five-match one-day campaign 3-2.
India itinerary for their 2014 tour of England
Jun 23: India team arrives in UK
Jun 26-28: three-day tour match v Leicestershire, Leicester
Jul 01-03: three-day tour match v Derbyshire, Derby
Jul 09-13: 1ST TEST, Trent Bridge
Jul 17-21: 2ND TEST, Lord's
Jul 27-31: 3RD TEST, Rose Bowl
Aug 07-11: 4TH TEST, Old Trafford
Aug 15-19: 5TH TEST, The Oval
Aug 22: 50-over match, v Middlesex, Lord's
Aug 25: 1ST ODI, Bristol
Aug 27: 2ND ODI, Cardiff
Aug 30: 3RD ODI ,Trent Bridge
Sep 04: 4TH ODI, Edgbaston
Sep 05: 5TH ODI, Headingley
Sep 07: T20, Edgbaston
Sep 08: India team departs UK
Note: Test at Rose Bowl subject to confirmation following final facility inspection