The UN’s World Population Prospect: The 2012 revision report, launched in New York on Thursday, said much of the overall increase through 2050 would take place in high-fertility countries, including Asian nations with large populations such as India, Indonesia, Pakistan and the Philippines.
India’s population is expected to overtake China’s around 2028, when both countries will have a populations of around 1.45 billion, the report stated. India’s assumption of the title as the world’s most populous country has been predicted many times in the past years.
But, due to fertility levels, the date keeps getting pulled forward. Previous UN studies had predicted the switch by 2030. China and India’s current populations are estimated at 1.3 billion and 1.2 billion, respectively. “(After 2028), India’s population will continue to grow for several decades, to around 1.6 billion, and then decline slowly to 1.5 billion in 2100.
The population of China, on the other hand, is expected to start decreasing after 2030, possibly reaching 1.1 billion in 2100,” the report said. During 2013 to 2100, eight countries were expected to account for over half of the world’s population increase, including Nigeria, India, Tanzania, Congo, Niger, Uganda, Ethiopia and the United States.
Population of India in 2013