Mumbai: The Maharashtra government will seek RBI's permission to allow the financially-strong district central cooperative banks (DCCs) to disburse loans to their neighbouring districts with weaker counterparts.
Marathwada, a region reeling under severe drought, is the top priority of the state government. Out of the eight DCC banks in this region, five are financially weak and hence their target of distributing a certain amount of farm loans would be shifted to commercial banks.
The state machinery has focused on the region by implementing various schemes, including Jal Yukta Shivar, to supply water by railway and distribution of food and fodder. "The state government, during the review meeting of Kharif season held in last June, had given a target of distribution of crop loan worth Rs 32,244 crore.
"However, the bank could distribute only Rs 25,000 crore worth of loans to farmers through the DCCs," said Shailesh Kumar Sharma, Principal Secretary, Cooperative Department. According to him, due to the drought since the last three years in Marathwada and other regions of the state, DCC banks have failed to recover the loans from farmers.
"It was the state's standing order not to recover loans from farmers in drought-hit areas and the banks followed it. But due to this, several banks lost their liquidity, they are not able to provide fresh loans to farmers," Sharma added.
According to the cooperative department data, Osmanabad DCC bank is in the worst financial condition as it could recover only 25 per cent of the targeted recovery of loan from farmers, followed by Aurangabad (50 per cent), Hingoli (61 per cent), Parbhani (75 per cent), Beed (79 per cent), Nanded (81 per cent) and Jalna (95 per cent).
Latur DCC bank has recovered 101 per cent out of its targeted recovery. Nagpur, Gadchiroli, Latur, Nanded, Pune, Kolhapur, Raigad, Satara, Solapur and Washim DCC banks are in a sound financial position and hence the state is considering to allow them to provide loans to the farmers from the neighbouring district.
"These banks are financially sound and could be useful for other districts. We are planning that they could either provide loans to other DCC banks or directly to farmers from other districts. "But, it will need permission from the RBI. Once it is granted, farmers, especially from the drought-hit Marathwada, will be benefited," Sharma said.
Till then, commercial banks will be asked to complete the target to provide agriculture loans in districts where DCC banks are poor. Sharma said that DCC banks have given Rs 11,608 crore for distribution to farmers.
However, the banks have distributed Rs 11,383 crore till August-end. According to the Cabinet decision, the previous loans of the farmers have to be restructured. All DCC banks have the target of restructuring loans worth Rs 8,500 crore. "However, banks have restructured loans to the tune of Rs 4,000 crore till date," Sharma said.