In the study, the Irish Independent reports, researchers found that even when women were having physical responses revealing that they were aroused, they did not realize they were.
“Self-reported sexual arousal is subject to impression management - as in the greater reluctance among women high in sex guilt to report feeling sexually aroused,” the report reads.
The issue "may be the norm for many women," the study suggested, causing them to have a less satisfying sex life overall.
The study, which was published in the Archives of Sexual Behavior journal, said in case of men, they rarely showed the same discrepancy between body and mind.
The study was carried out over nearly 40 years, looked at 132 cases and measured the mental and physical responses in 4,000 men and women, reports The News York Daily News.
Meredith Chivers, from Queen''s University in Kingston, Canada, said: “Our results have implications for the assessment of sexual arousal, the nature of gender differences in sexual arousal, and models of sexual response.”