The 35-year-old confirmed he was stepping down as England captain, and a 100-Test career, at a lunchtime press conference at Lord’s.
The left-handed opener’s leadership has been credited as a crucial to those successes and his revered status within the England dressing room was quickly reflected by his team-mates.
Jimmy Anderson, Stuart Broad and Eoin Morgan all quickly posted tributes on their Twitter pages for Strauss, who will be replaced by one-day captain Alastair Cook.
“Really sad to hear Straussy has called it a day. He’s done so much for this England team not just as captain but also as a player,” Anderson wrote.
“He will be missed but he hands over to a very fine replacement in Alastair Cook. Best of luck to Cooky and to Straussy in his future.”
Twenty20 skipper Broad tweeted within minutes of Strauss’ announcement, saying: “Awesome guy, great leader, dependable batsman and a solid slip catcher. Cheers Straussy you’ll be playing scratch golf within a year...”
Morgan also added: “Sad news that Straussy is retiring but I would like to congratulate him on an amazing career. A great leader and a pleasure to play with!!”
Strauss began his career in 2005 opening the batting alongside Marcus Trescothick who described him as one of the best captains in England’s history.