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Sridevi versus Vakdevi

Now, back to mythology. For very different reasons, the film English Vinglish drew attention to two goddesses: Sridevi, goddess of wealth and glamour, and Vakdevi, goddess of speech and meaning, both referred to in the Rig Veda, so the earliest goddesses known to this land.


Illustration/ Devdutt Pattanaik

Sridevi needs to be differentiated from Bhoodevi or Prithvi. Both are forms of Lakshmi. But while Sridevi means personal wealth, Bhoodevi means universal natural wealth. Bhoodevi is the earth. Sridevi is property and assets and all the glamour and splendour that comes with that. Both are wives of Vishnu, especially in southern Vaishnava traditions. Vishnu takes care of Bhoodevi and Sridevi is the reward he gets for it. Or because Sridevi is his wife, Vishnu needs to take care of Bhoodevi. But Sridevi is not jealous of the rather submissive and patient Bhoodevi, certainly not as much as she hates Vakdevi.

Vakdevi is the goddess of speech, sound and language, closely associated with Saraswati, goddess of knowledge. She is what is uttered. A bit of a snob, she is accessible only to those who work hard to get her, unlike wealth who can favour or not favour, anyone, anytime. While Sridevi is whimsical and can be lost after acquisition, Vakdevi is eternally faithful.

Later Puranic and folktales inform us that Sridevi and Vakdevi, or rather Lakshmi and Saraswati, hate each other. They are constantly quarrelling. So bad was the quarrel that Vishnu had to give up one of them for the sake of peace. In old images of Vishnu one finds the two goddesses standing to his left and right. Even today, in the temple of lord Jagannath, in Puri, Orissa, Sridevi and Vakdevi flank the main deity. But later, Vacdevi disappeared. Where? Popular stories say she became Brahma’s wife. Some say, she hides on Vishnu’s tongue while Sridevi sits at Vishnu’s heart and feet.

For most people, knowledge helps you earn money: at the very least you need learn skills to do labour, and be literate to get a job, and learn the art of marketing and salesmanship and money management to start business. So why would the two goddesses fight? For this, we have to distinguish between Saraswati or she who imparts wisdom from Vidyalakshmi, knowledge and skills that helps us generate more wealth. In the absence of wisdom, only wealth matters. In wisdom, wealth is given its due position in life, not near the head. Naturally, Sridevi is not quite fond of Vakdevi.

The film English Vinglish begins with Vak as Vidyalakshmi: language as a tool that will help us survive in the pecking order of society. This is evident in advertisements of TV channels selling courses on spoken English. But gradually Vak becomes Saraswati as one realises it is not about language but about respect, dignity, sensitivity and understanding. All through, Sridevi (the star) plays the role of Bhoodevi, the patient suffering overlooked earth-goddess who sustains the family.

The author is Chief Belief Officer of the Future Group, and can be reached at devdutt@devdutt.com

The views expressed in this column are the individual’s and don’t represent those of the paper. 

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