On the birthday of Yahoo! CEO Marissa Mayer, we look at some of the most influential and successful women worldwide from different fields...
Marissa Mayer: Mayer, who is the current president and CEO of Yahoo!, a position she has held since July 2012. She initially joined Google in 1999 as its 20th employee. Starting her career in the search engine giant as its first female engineer, Marissa Mayer was later promoted to product manager and later became Director of Consumer Web products. Among her many contributions are the layout of Google's iconic search homepage, key roles in Google Search, Google Images, Google News, Google Maps, Google Books, Google Product Search, Google Toolbar, iGoogle, and Gmail, which she oversaw after her promotion as Vice President of Search Products and User Experience in 2005.
On May 20, 2013, Mayer led Yahoo! to acquire Tumblr in a $1.1 billion acquisition. In July 2013, Yahoo! reported a fall in revenues, but a rise in profits compared with the same period in the previous year. In September 2013, it was reported that the stock price of Yahoo! had doubled over the 14 months since Mayer's appointment. Marissa Mayer was ranked the 16th most-powerful businesswoman in the world in 2014 and also ranked sixth on Fortune's 40 under 40 list.
Virginia Rometty: Virginia 'Ginni' Rometty, the current Chairman, President and CEO of IBM and the first woman to head the company joined as a systems engineer in 1981. She later became a member of the tech giant's Consulting Group in 1991 and became senior vice president and group executive for sales, marketing and strategy in 2009.
Virginia Rometty is "credited with spearheading IBM's growth strategy by getting the company into the cloud computing and analytics businesses and was also at the helm of readying Watson, the Jeopardy! playing computer, for commercial use. Virginia Rometty has been named to Fortune magazine's "50 Most Powerful Women in Business" for ten consecutive years, ranking #1 in 2012, 2013 and 2014, and was one of Forbes magazine's "World's 100 Most Powerful People" in 2014.
JK Rowling: The author of the ultra-popular 'Harry Potter' novels has led a "rags to riches" life story, in which she progressed from living on state benefits to multi-millionaire status within five years. Rowling is United Kingdom's best-selling living author, with sales in excess of £238m and was ranked as the forty-eighth most powerful celebrity of 2007 by Forbes.
The 'Harry Potter' novels have become the best-selling book series in history and been the basis for a series of films which became the highest-grossing film series in history.
Indra Nooyi: The India-born naturalized American, business executive, who is the current Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of PepsiCo has been consistently ranked among the World's 100 Most Powerful Women. Nooyi was ranked 13 in the list of Forbes World's 100 most powerful women in 2014.
Indra Nooyi joined PepsiCo in 1994 and was named president and CFO in 2001. PepsiCo's annual net profit has risen from USD 2.7 billion to USD 6.5 billion since her appointment as CFO. She has been responsible for directing the company's global strategy for more than a decade and led PepsiCo's restructuring, including the 1997 divestiture of its restaurants into Tricon, now known as Yum! Brands, the acquision of Tropicana in 1998, and the merger with Quaker Oats Company, which also brought Gatorade to PepsiCo.
Indra Nooyi was named on Wall Street Journal's list of 50 women to watch in 2007 and 2008, Time's 100 Most Influential People in The World in 2007 and 2008, number 3 inmost powerful woman in 2008 by Forbes, number 1 most powerful woman in business in 2009 and 2010 by Fortune, who also ranked her 6th most powerful woman in the world on 7 October 2010.
Arianna Huffington: The Greek-American author is the co-founder and editor-in-chief of The Huffington Post. Huffington also ran as an independent candidate for Governor in the California recall election in 2003. She has the distinction of ranking 12th in the first-ever list of the Most Influential Women In Media and has been listed as the 52nd most powerful woman in the world by Forbes as of 2014.
Arianna Huffington also serves on the board of directors of the Center for Public Integrity. She was married to former Republican congressman Michael Huffington.
Nina Tandon: A Ph.D. researcher from Columbia University, Nina Tandon works at Columbia's stem cells and tissue engineering labs where she develops cardiac tissue to repair damage in heart attack patients. Tandon aims to create a living heart for transplants. Nina Tandon was one of four women among 38 electrical engineers in her graduating class at Cooper Union in New York City.
Susan Wojcicki: The current CEO of YouTube became Google's first marketing manager in 1999. Before that she worked in marketing at Intel in Santa Clara, California and was a management consultant at Bain & Company and R.B. Webber & Company. Susan Wojcicki has worked on the first Google Doodles and also took part in the development of successful contributions to Google such as Google Images and Google Books.
Her promotion to senior vice president of Advertising & Commerce lead to the creation and development of products including AdWords, AdSense, DoubleClick, and Google Analytics. AdWords and AdSense statistics show that Wojcicki is accountable for 96% of Google's income. AdSense is Google's second largest source of revenue. Susan Wojcicki has been called "the most important person in advertising" and "the most important Googler you've never heard of". She ranked 16th on Forbes Magazine's List of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women in 2011, was 25th on the list in 2012, 30th in 2013 and listed 12th in 2014. She was also named on Fortune’s 50 Most Powerful Women in Business list in 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 at #43, #28, #18 and #19, respectively and was named #1 on the Adweek 50 list in 2013.
Arundhati Bhattacharya: Kolkata-born banker Arundhati Bhattacharya, the Chairperson of State Bank of India (SBI) is the first woman to hold that post. Initially joining SBI in 1977 as probationary officer at the age of 22, Bhattacharya held several positions during her 36-year career with the bank including working in foreign exchange, treasury, retail operations, human resources and investment banking. She has also served at the bank's New York office and has been involved in the launch of several new businesses such as SBI General Insurance, SBI Custodial Services and the SBI Macquarie Infrastructure Fund. After her appointment as SBI Chairperson on 7 October 2013, Arundhati Bhattacharya introduced a two-year sabbatical policy for women employees for child or elder care.
She has been ranked 30th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes in 2015, 4th most powerful women in Asia Pacific by Fortune and has also fe atured in the list of FP Top 100 Global Thinkers by Foreign Policy magazine.
Mary Barra: The Chief Executive Officer of General Motors holds the honour of being the first female CEO of a major global automaker. Starting her career at the firm as a co-op student in 1980, Barra held a variety of engineering and administrative positions, including being manager of the Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly plant.
She became Vice President of Global Manufacturing Engineering in February 2008 and advanced to the position of Vice President of Global Human Resources in July 2009, a position she held till February 2011, when she was named Executive Vice President of Global Product Development. The latter position included responsibilities for design; she has worked to reduce the number of automobile platforms in GM. In August 2013, her Vice President responsibility was extended to include Global Purchasing and Supply Chain. Barra was listed as one of the world's most powerful women by Forbes, for the third time, in 2014. She was listed seventh, rising from 35th in 2013.