Egypt has ousted two presidents and witnessed countless protests in the past two-and-a-half years. Here's how the nation has gone from a dictatorship to a democratically elected president to a military rule, once again
Jan-Feb 2011: Egyptian protesters, inspired by the uprising in Tunisia and part of the Arab Spring, take to Cairo’s streets to oust president Hosni Mubarak. Desperate to retain power, Mubarak cracks down down on the demonstrators. After nearly 30 years of authoritarian rule, Egypt’s fourth president finally yields, handing power to army council after more than 850 people died.
June-November 2012: The Muslim Brotherhood candidate Mohamed Morsi becomes Egypt’s first democratically elected president. However, peace is short-lived in the country as public unrest follows President Morsi’s decision to weaken powers of the judiciary
Jan 25, 2013: Tahrir Square in Cairo once again becomes the focal point for Egypt’s protesters. On the two-year anniversary of the start of the revolt against Mubarak, angry crowds chant for his successor, Morsi, to step down
August 15, 2013: Security forces lose patience with protesters at Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, and move in to remove protesters, killing scores of people. The country calls for a month-long emergency after over 650 people die. Powers are handed over to the military yet again
July 4, 2013: The military, having decided that the country has reached a political impasse, deposes Morsi, suspends the constitution and imposes an interim technocrat government. Cairo’s Rabaa al-Adawiya mosque, a protest camp for pro-Morsi supporters, becomes the scene of ongoing bloody battles with security forces. pics/AFP, getty images
Egypt’s ‘Day of Rage’
Heavy gunfire rang out yesterday throughout Cairo, as tens of thousands of Muslim Brotherhood supporters clashed with vigilante residents in the fiercest street battles to engulf the capital since the country’s Arab Spring uprising. At least 37 people were killed in the fighting nationwide, including police officers.
Carrying pistols and assault rifles, residents battled with protesters taking part in what the Brotherhood called the ‘Day of Rage,’ ignited by anger at security forces for clearing two sit-in demonstrations on Wednesday in clashes that killed more than 650 people. As military helicopters circled overhead, residents furious with the Brotherhood protesters pelted them with rocks and glass bottles.