Coalgate scam: Chronology of events
The Supreme Court today cancelled 214 of 218 coal mine permits given to companies for their own use since 1993. Following is the chronology of events leading to the judgement
New Delhi: The Supreme Court today cancelled 214 of 218 coal mine permits given to companies for their own use since 1993. Following is the chronology of events leading to the judgement:
* July, 1992: The Coal Ministry orders setting up of a screening committee to consider proposals from private power companies for captive coal mining on first-cum-first-serve basis. Screening committee guidelines give preference to large projects of power and steel companies.
* July 14, 1992: Many coal blocks, which were not in the production plans of Coal India or the Singareni Collieries Company, were identified and a list of 143 blocks were prepared.
* 1993-2010: A total of 70 coal mines or blocks were allocated between 1993 and 2005, 53 in 2006, 52 in 2007, 24 in 2008, 16 in 2009 and 1 in 2010. In all, 216 blocks were given between 1993 and 2010. Of these, 24 were taken away at different points in time, effectively leaving the total number of coal permits at 194.
* March, 2012: A draft CAG report accuses the government of 'inefficient' allocation of blocks during 2004-2009; estimates windfall gains to allottees at Rs 10.7 lakh crore.
* May 29, 2012: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh offers to give up his public life if found guilty in the scam.
* May 31, 2012: The CVC, based on a complaint of two BJP MPs, Prakash Javadekar and Hansraj Ahir, directs a CBI inquiry.
* June, 2012: The Coal Ministry forms an inter-ministerial panel to review the process of allocation of blocks and to decide either on de-allocations or forfeiture of bank guarantees. Since then, the government has taken back about 80 coal fields while bank guarantees in 42 cases have been forfeited.
* August 2012: CAG's final report, tabled in Parliament, tones down loss to exchequer figure to Rs 1.86 lakh crore.
* August 25, 2012: The government claims CAG's presumptive loss theory flawed, no mining yet.
* August 27, 2012: PM says CAG flawed; "The observations of the CAG are clearly disputable."
* September 6, 2012: A PIL in the Supreme Court seeks cancellation of 194 coal block allotments. The apex court begins monitoring the CBI probe into the coal field allocations
* March 2013: The apex court asks CBI not to share probe details with the government.
* April 23, 2013: The Standing Committee on Coal and Steel in a report tabled in Parliament says coal blocks distributed between 1993-2008 done in unauthorised manner. Says allotment of mines where production not started should be cancelled
* April 26, 2013: CBI Director Ranjit Sinha submits affidavit saying investigation report shared with Law Minister Ashwani Kumar.
* May 10, 2013: Ashwani Kumar resigns.
* June 11, 2013: CBI registers first information report (FIR) against Naveen Jindal and Dasari Narayana Rao.
* October 16, 2013: CBI files an FIR against industrialist Kumar Mangalam Birla and former Cal Secretary P C Parakh.
* July 2014: The Supreme Court sets up a special CBI court to try all coal field allocation cases.
* August, 2014: The CBI decides to close its case against Birla and Parakh.
*August 25, 2014: The Supreme Court rules that coal blocks allocated by the government between 1993 and 2010 were illegal.