Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897, in Cuttack, Orissa to Prabhavati Devi and Janakinath Bose, an advocate. Freedom fighter Sarat Chandra Bose was his elder brother.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose joined the Scottish Church College at the University of Calcutta and passed his B.A. in philosophy in 1918. He left India in 1919 for England to study in Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge and matriculated on November 19, 1919. He came fourth in the Indian Civil Services examination and was selected but he did not want to work under an alien government which would mean serving the British and resigned from his civil service job.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose worked under the leadership of Chittaranjan Das, an active member of Congress in Calcutta and would regard him as his political guru.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was imprisoned twice in 1921 and 1924. He was elected president of the Congress in 1938 defeating Mahatma Gandhi's candidate Patabhi Sitaramavya in 1938.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in a rare image with Sarojini Naidu (R) and Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (in cap)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose established the Azad Hind Radio station in Germany and led the Indian nationalist movement in East Asia.
In picture: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose with Maulana Abul Kalam Azad in (black cap)
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose started the newspaper Swaraj and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose advocated complete independence for India at the earliest, whereas the All-India Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through Dominion status. Finally, at the historic Lahore Congress convention, the Congress adopted Purna Swaraj (complete independence) as its motto.
With Japanese support, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose revamped the Indian National Army (INA), then composed of Indian soldiers of the British Indian army who had been captured in the Battle of Singapore.
INA had a separate women's unit, the Rani of Jhansi Regiment (named after Rani Lakshmi Bai) headed by Capt. Lakshmi Swaminathan, which was seen as a first of its kind in Asia.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose believed that the Bhagvad Gita was a great source of inspiration for him. He was also inspired by Swami Vivekananda's teachings on universal brotherhood
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose most famous quote or slogan was 'Give me blood and I will give you freedom' and another famous quote was Dilli Chalo. This was the call he used to give the INA armies to motivate them. 'Jai Hind' was another slogan used by him and later adopted by the Government of India and the Indian Armed Forces.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose is believed to have died after a plane crash in Taiwan on August 18, in 1945. However, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's death has long been the subject of dispute. In 2005, the Taiwanese Government stated that there is no evidence that an aeroplane carrying Subhas Chandra Bose has ever crashed
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose had gone missing in 1945 and some of his family members have rejected the theory that he had died in a plane crash in Taihoku airport in Taiwan on August 18, 1945
News agency PTI said A secret report submitted by the central intelligence office, Calcutta to deputy inspector general of police, IB, West Bengal on 25.1.1949 stated, "Sarat Chandra Bose (elder brother of Netaji) inclined to believe from information gathered during his European tour that Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was alive and that he is now somewhere in China controlled by the Communist army of China".
In 2016, the central government released another batch of declassified files related to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose on portal www.netajipapers.gov.in. The new batch of files consists among others files containing photographs of interior view of Renkoji Temple showing how Netaji's ashes are kept, Russia Parliament question on Netaji and letter from Amiya Nath Bose to Pt Jawaharlal Nehru regarding conversion of Netaji's house into National museum and disposal of properties of Indian National army.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was believed to have died on August 18, 1945. Here's a look at some of the rare images of the freedom fighter and founder of the Indian National Army
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