Malala Yousafzai was born on July 12, 1997, to Ziauddin Yousafzai (in picture) and Tor Pekai Yousafzai. Her family is Sunni Muslim of Pashtun ethnicity. Malala's family did not have enough money for a hospital birth and therefore she was born at home with the help of neighbours. She is a Pakistani activist for female education. In 2014, she became the youngest winner of Nobel Prize prize, at the age of 17 when she shared the coveted honour with India's social activist Kailash Satyarthi
Malala advocates human rights, especially the education of women and children in her native Swat Valley in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, northwest Pakistan. She was actively involved in advocacy of girl education where the local Taliban had at times banned girls from attending school. Malala blogged for the BBC since 2009 about her experiences during the Taliban's growing influence in the region. This enraged Taliban who in a collective meeting decided to kill her
On October 9, 2012, a Taliban gunman shot Malala as she rode home on a bus after taking an exam. Malala was 15 years old at the time. According to reports, a masked gunman shouted, "Which one of you is Malala? Speak up, otherwise, I will shoot you all. Upon being identified, Malala was shot and a bullet missed the side of her left eye by a mere 18 inches and hit her shoulder
Severely wounded, she was airlifted from one military hospital in Pakistan to another and later flown to Great Britain for treatment. Post the attack, the Taliban released a statement saying that they would target Malala again if she survived. Two other girls were also wounded in the shooting: Kainat Riaz and Shazia Ramzan, who later provided details of the attack
Malala survived but underwent several operations in the UK, where she lives today. The shocking act, however, catapulted to international fame and her health was closely monitored by the international media
In 2013, Malala made a defiant speech at the United Nations which was her first public appearance since the shooting. Malala vowed to continue her work and to not be intimidated by the threats against her and other schoolchildren.
In 2013, Malala founded the Malala Fund, a non-governmental organisation that works with governments and organisations around the world to provide girls with access to education. Her birthday has been declared as Malala Day
In 2013, Malala was named one of TIME magazine's most influential people and was first nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. The same year, she won the European Parliament's Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought and released her autobiography "I Am Malala"
In 2017, Malala was accepted to study Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE) at Oxford's Lady Margaret Hall
Malala was only 11 years old when her anonymous diary captivated audiences. She wrote under a pseudonym - Gul Makai, the name of a heroine from a Pashtun folk tale. Malala's name means 'grief-stricken.' She was named after Malalai of Maiwand, a famous Pashtun poet and warrior woman from southern Afghanistan. An asteroid, 2010 ML48, was officially named "316201 Malala" after her
In picture: Malala with her friend Ellen
Nobel Peace Prize winner and Pakistani activist Malala Yousafzai turned 22 on July 12, 2019. The international media took notice of Malala after she was shot by Taliban for advocating girl's education. Fighting against all odds, she not only survived but continued her mission of advocating education. On her birthday today, here are some facts about the brave girl
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