shot-button
Subscription Subscription
Home > Lifestyle News > Health And Fitness News > Article > With a whopping 200000 cases per year heres why congenital heart disease remains a health concern in India

With a whopping 200,000 cases per year, here's why congenital heart disease remains a health concern in India

Updated on: 19 May,2024 10:17 AM IST  |  New Delhi
IANS |

Dr Swati Garekar, senior consultant-paediatric cardiology, Fortis Hospital, Mulund said the reasons are the state of mother's nutrition, vaccine status (like German measles), exposure to pollutants in her food, water, air, skin, medicines in the first two months of pregnancy

With a whopping 200,000 cases per year, here's why congenital heart disease remains a health concern in India

Image for representational purpose only. Photo Courtesy: istock

Listen to this article
With a whopping 200,000 cases per year, here's why congenital heart disease remains a health concern in India
x
00:00

Congenital heart disease remains a significant concern in India, said health experts on Saturday, with a whopping 2,00,000 cases every year.


Congenital heart defects (CHDs) can be defined as cardiac anomalies present since birth and cover a wide spectrum from small defects.


“The prevalence of congenital heart disease is about 9/1000, which is approximately 200,000 per year. However, it is difficult to know the exact incidence rate due to a lot of disparity in the availability of facilities in rural areas in India,” Dr Mayur Jain, consultant - cardiothoracic surgeon & heart and lung transplant surgeon, P. D. Hinduja Hospital & MRC, Mahim, said.


Dr Swati Garekar, senior consultant-paediatric cardiology, Fortis Hospital, Mulund noted that the number of babies with congenital heart defects (CHD) appears to be rising.

“A big reason for this is that we are able to pick up more cases that were earlier undetected: Doctors are now more aware of how babies with CHD present to them in the OPD. They masquerade commonly as failure to gain weight or as repeated cough/cold/pneumonia episodes,” she told IANS.

Atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) are the common types of CHDs.

Newborns typically show symptoms such as rapid breathing, poor feeding, poor weight gain, bluish discolouration of skin, and recurrent chest infections. On the other hand, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, headache, inadequate growth as per age, bluish discoloration of nails and lips, and recurrent chest infections may be common representations of CHD in older children.

Dr Swati noted that the reasons for CHD are multifactorial.

It includes “the state of mother's nutrition, vaccine status (like German measles), exposure to pollutants in her food, water, air, skin, medicines in the first two months of pregnancy”.

Dr Mayur recommended maternal vaccination against rubella and flu, and abstinence from alcohol during pregnancy.

He also advised daily folic acid supplements during the first trimester (first 12 weeks) of pregnancy to lower the “risk of giving birth to a child with congenital heart disease and other birth defects”.

The doctor also advised women to keep diabetes under control and to avoid exposure to organic solvents, such as those used in dry cleaning, paint thinners, and nail polish remover during pregnancy.

"Exciting news! Mid-day is now on WhatsApp Channels Subscribe today by clicking the link and stay updated with the latest news!" Click here!

Register for FREE
to continue reading !

This is not a paywall.
However, your registration helps us understand your preferences better and enables us to provide insightful and credible journalism for all our readers.

Mid-Day Web Stories

Mid-Day Web Stories

This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and Cookie Policy. OK