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Home > News > India News > Article > Indira Gandhi death anniversary 2023 Legacy of Indias pioneering female prime minister

Indira Gandhi death anniversary 2023: Legacy of India's pioneering female prime minister

Updated on: 31 October,2023 01:11 PM IST  |  Mumbai
mid-day online correspondent |

Indira Gandhi, the first female Prime Minister of India, is remembered on her death anniversary for her remarkable leadership and influence in shaping the nation's destiny. Her tenure marked a significant phase in India's political landscape.

Indira Gandhi death anniversary 2023: Legacy of India's pioneering female prime minister

Indira Gandhi/Archives

Indira Gandhi, the first female Prime Minister of India, is remembered on her death anniversary for her remarkable leadership and influence in shaping the nation's destiny. Her tenure marked a significant phase in India's political landscape.


Born on November 19, 1917, Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister. Her early exposure to Indian politics and the freedom struggle greatly influenced her ideologies and approach to governance.


Indira Gandhi's political journey was marked by determination and resilience. She assumed office as Prime Minister in 1966 and served in this role for several terms. Her leadership during critical moments, such as the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, where she played a pivotal role, earned her both acclaim and criticism.


She was known for her strong-willed decision-making, which often polarized opinions. Her policies aimed at social reforms and economic development but were also met with challenges and controversies. The imposition of the state of emergency in 1975, which led to the curtailment of civil liberties, remains a contentious period in Indian history.

However, her contributions to India's progress are significant. She introduced policies that emphasized social justice, nationalized banks, and led key initiatives to uplift the marginalized sections of society. Her commitment to India's self-reliance and leadership in foreign affairs added to her legacy.

Also read: Indira Gandhi Memorial Day: Former PM's rare and unseen photos

Tragically, on October 31, 1984, Indira Gandhi's life was cut short by an assassination carried out by her own bodyguards. Her death led to a wave of mourning and political turbulence across the country.

Indira Gandhi's legacy remains complex. She is revered for her unwavering dedication to public service and her role in shaping modern India. Yet, criticisms of her governance style and decisions are also part of her historical narrative.

Each year on her death anniversary, the nation commemorates her life, her contributions, and the impact she made on the socio-political fabric of India. Her indelible mark on Indian politics and her unwavering commitment to the nation continue to be remembered and debated. Her legacy is both a testament to her leadership and a subject of contemplation regarding the complexities of power and governance.

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