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Beijing and Shanghai had a 2021 per capita income which was 227 per cent of the average national per capita income of USD 12,551.
At the other extreme, China's poorest province, Gansu, had a per capita income of just 51 per cent of the national average. This indicates a growing inequality in China, which can have serious social, economic, and political implications.
Workers have been left without the capabilities needed to excel in the high-skilled, high-wage jobs that are appearing as China's economy seeks to reach high-income status due to continued inequality in access to education and healthcare.
China's Hukou household registration system has left migrant workers without full access to healthcare, education, pension and unemployment benefits. The consequence is that a large segment of the population is living in relatively precarious conditions, as per The Times of Israel.