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Sonia Gandhi's birthday 2023: A celebrated legacy in Indian politics

Updated on: 05 December,2023 08:40 PM IST  |  Mumbai
mid-day online correspondent |

Born Edvige Antonia Albina Màino in 1946 in Lusiana, Italy, she later adopted the name Sonia after her marriage to Rajiv Gandhi, the former Prime Minister of India

Sonia Gandhi's birthday 2023: A celebrated legacy in Indian politics

File Photo/PTI

Sonia Gandhi, a prominent figure in Indian politics and the former president of the Indian National Congress (INC), celebrates her birthday on December 9th. Born Edvige Antonia Albina Màino in 1946 in Lusiana, Italy, she later adopted the name Sonia after her marriage to Rajiv Gandhi, the former Prime Minister of India.


Sonia Gandhi's entry into Indian politics was marked by tragedy when her husband, Rajiv Gandhi, was assassinated in 1991. Initially reluctant to join the political arena, she found herself thrust into a leadership role within the Congress party due to the need for stability during a tumultuous time.


Assuming the presidency of the Indian National Congress in 1998, Sonia Gandhi became a central figure in the country's political landscape. Her leadership spanned nearly two decades until 2017, making her one of the longest-serving presidents in the history of the Congress party. During her tenure, she navigated the party through multiple elections and complex political scenarios.


Sonia Gandhi's impact on Indian politics goes beyond her role as a party leader. She has been a vocal advocate for social justice, women's rights, and the welfare of marginalized communities. Her commitment to these causes has shaped the Congress party's agenda and policy initiatives.

Critics and supporters alike acknowledge Sonia Gandhi's resilience and strategic acumen. Her leadership was instrumental in steering the Congress party through coalition politics, forming alliances to stay relevant in the ever-changing political landscape of India.

Despite her achievements, Sonia Gandhi has faced criticism, particularly regarding her foreign origin, which became a contentious issue in Indian politics. However, she overcame these challenges and led the Congress party with determination.

Also read: Indira Gandhi was a valiant crusader of people's causes: Sonia Gandhi pays tributes on former PM's birth anniversary

Sonia Gandhi's legacy extends beyond electoral politics. Her role in shaping the political discourse and her commitment to inclusive policies have left a lasting impact. The Congress-led United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government, under her guidance, implemented several key social welfare programs.

As Sonia Gandhi celebrates her birthday, she remains a formidable force in Indian politics. Her continued involvement in party affairs and political discourse underscores her dedication to the principles she believes in. Beyond the political arena, Sonia Gandhi is also known for her private and reserved nature, maintaining a balance between her public and personal life.

While political opinions about Sonia Gandhi may vary, there is no denying her significant influence on the Congress party and her contributions to Indian politics. As she marks another year in her life, the nation acknowledges the role she has played in shaping its political trajectory.

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