Speaking at the National Integration Council (NIC) meeting in Delhi, BJP president Nitin Gadkari opposed the proposed Bill on communal violence, calling it a 'dangerous draft' that encroaches on personal liberty and discriminates on the basis of caste and religion. He was joined by Sushma Swaraj, Leader of the opposition in the Lok Sabha, who also attended the meeting chaired by PM Manmohan Singh, and said the bill would 'encourage communalism'.

The legislation in its current form, drafted by the Sonia Gandhi-led National Advisory Council, was also opposed by the Chief Ministers of NDA-led states Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Punjab. Dinesh Trivedi, senior leader of the Trinamool Congress, which is a key constituent of the UPA, also echoed the same sentiments.

CPIM leader Sitaram Yechuri said it was opposed to the federal spirit of the country.  The main opposition seems to be that it may actually encourage communal tension instead of reducing it, as it seeks to divide the country into majority and minority communities.