India's famous monuments

Jun 05, 2012, 15:25 IST | A Correspondent

Every monument in India has a unique story attached to it. Be it emperor Shah Jahan's Taj Mahal or the palace-turned-hotel of Udaipur, we have a lot of heritage to preserve and be proud of. Here's a peek at some of India's famous structures.


Taj Mahal is a marble monument located in Agra. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz. This mausoleum, which attracts tourists from around the globe, is one of the seven wonders of the world.




Qutub Minar is a world heritage structure situated in Delhi. Made of red sandstone and marble, it is India's tallest minaret. It is said that Qutb-ud-din Aibak started its construction, while Iltutmish completed it. 
Red Fort, more popularly known as Lal Qila, was constructed by Shah Jahan in the 17th century. This fort complex served as the residence of Mughal emperors back then. In 2007, it was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Golden Temple, also known as Harmandir Sahib, is a gurdwara in Amritsar, Punjab. The gurdwara was built in the early years of the 17th century. The present day Golden temple was rebuilt in the eighteenth century. The upper floors of this structure are covered with gold, while the interiors are decorated with gemstones.
Lake Palace is a luxury hotel situated in Lake Pichola, Udaipur. It is said to be the most romantic hotel in India. It was built in the 18th century as a royal summer palace and was much later converted to a luxury hotel.
Gateway of India is a monument in Mumbai's Apollo Bunder area built during the British Raj. Overlooking the Arabian sea, it is one of Mumbai's top tourist attractions. It was constructed to commemorate the arrival of King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder.
Golkonda is a ruined city in Andhra Pradesh. It consists of four distinct forts having eight gateways. Inside these forts are a number of halls and places of worship. A hand clap at a particular point within this structure echoes and can be heard at a distance of almost a kilometre. This is considered to be an engineering marvel.

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