Objectifying India: New book uses 200 everyday objects to tell story of Indian design
In a new book published by Phaidon, 200 everyday objects, right from the Bombay horn to Bata shoes, tell the story of Indian design
It was a rainy May day in Srinagar last year, when three women chased down an unwitting driver and made him come to a halt. It was after weeks of searching for a Maruti 800 that the trio had finally sighted one that suited their needs. The car owner stepped out and stood patiently under his umbrella for close to an hour as his blue Maruti 800 underwent a photoshoot hosted by the three.
The unassuming four-wheeler is one of 200 objects to make it to Sar: The Essence of Indian Design, published by Phaidon, to be launched in the last week of July. Curated by fashion designer Rashmi Varma and curator and artist Swapnaa Tamhane, and photographed by Prarthna Singh, Sar excuses itself from exotic India and immerses itself in the form, design and function of everyday objects. It’s a delectable list, spanning geographies, roping in the antique and the contemporary, hitching the utilitarian with the ornamental, However, the curation never loses sight of the everyday-ness of these objects, be it the masala dabba in Indian kitchens or a saree made from mulberry silk designed by young Benarasi revivalist Sanjay Garg.
Swapnaa Tamhane, Prarthna Singh, Rashmi Varma
Inspired after a trip to India in 2011, Varma and Tamhane, who share a 15-year-long friendship, tinkered with the idea of presenting an exhibition of objects that strongly spoke of Indian design. They were sitting at a coffee shop in Toronto, where Tamhane is currently based. Eventually, the idea for a book, rather than an exhibition, was born. Varma, who now lives in New Delhi, says, “It’s not an exhaustive list; we started with 300 items and finalised 200. They include things that are very much in use today; in that sense, this is a very 2016 book.”
Shying away from stereotypes, the curators have paid attention to the evolution of objects too. Balancing a history of 5,000 years and the entry of machines, including the pressure cooker and mixer grinder, the book takes you through chapters titled after daily chores, like Sajna Savarna, Aana Jaana and Khaana Peena. It was hard to be pan-Indian with these titles, says Varma, and get a variety of Indian languages in, but they wanted to keep the tone accessible (while the price of the book at Rs 5,000 may not exactly spell ‘accessible’. But that’s luxury bookmakers Phaidon for you).
But is there something such as pan-Indian design? The book will tell you that there are 200 ways to answer that, or more, and Varma, shuddering slightly at the question, replies, “It boils down to certain techniques, materials and forms. But, it is also related to the economics of the country, influence of colonial powers, like the Mughals and the British, and a nationalist identity post-Independence. Sar ultimately, draws attention to the “designed object and not just aesthetics.”
Sar refrains from “hyper-colour and hyper-loud” images. “We didn’t want just a pretty picture of a lota,” quips Varma.
They chose to collaborate with Singh, whose work in fashion and reportage resonated with the needs of the curators. Travelling through North and West India, and gently persuading their way into new homes to explore certain objects, Singh says that she loaned “silence to the images”, letting the objects speak for themselves. “I chose simple khadi backgrounds or a brick wall that is recognisably Indian, without making it clichéd,” says Singh.
Designed by Gunjan Gupta in 2009, with silver- and gold-plated brass, the Eat Stack was a contemporary interpretation of the traditional thali. The arrangement, reminiscent of temple gopurams and lamps, dismantles into a fully functional set-up to eat with. “Just when you think that an Indian object has been so well-designed that it can’t
be changed, like the thali, there comes a designer who introduces a new perspective.”
Meerut Barber Scissors
Meerut barber scissors came to India after England’s Industrial Revolution and are an apt example for recycling as they are made from scrap metal. Singh recalls that they had to scout New Delhi’s Chandni Chowk several times to get a shot of these, since the barbers, a 300-year-old community, were busy snipping away with these all the time. Sar reveals how these scissors have a Geographical Indicator (GI) tag, much like Darjeeling tea, “to prevent fraudulent replicas”.
Indian design, told through 200 objects, including this gola ice shaver, so ubiquitous on our roads, in Sar: the Essence of Indian Design, which will be available in leading bookstores and online portals. Pics/Phaidon And Prarthna Singh
Bajaj Chetak Scooter
Like the Maruti 800, this one took some hunting down. “We were looking for this scooter for some time, and then found it parked outside a tailor’s shop in Bandra. He was very proud of his vehicle and spoke of how it had never been serviced. We found a curtain of green foliage for background,” says Singh. The book recalls how the scooter was suitable for an entire family to travel on, until production ceased in 2009. ‘Hamara Bajaj’ as its advertisement labelled it, it was named after the stallion belonging to the Rajput warrior Maharana Singh Pratap. “The Bajaj Chetak is iconic. You cannot think of India without it,” says Varma.
Bata Tennis Shoes
“Like the Ambassador, which is not of Indian origin, these shoes were part of everyday material culture. These are functional, and at the same time, with their white colour, they are not,” says Varma. The book traces how these shoes, originally meant for physical training classes, are produced at the same factory in Batanagar, near Kolkata, since 1934. For the book, Singh shot these against red earth, and says, “Children began a new semester with these ‘PT shoes’. I wanted to get the white of the shoes against the red mud, reminiscent of a school ground.”