Cataract Awareness Month: Have diabetes? Doctor shares tips to reduce the risk of cataracts

07 June,2024 01:55 PM IST |  Mumbai  |  mid-day online correspondent

Various studies have established a link between diabetes and cataracts. High blood pressure and oxidative stress can increase the risk of cataracts in diabetics

Image for representational purposes only. Photo Courtesy: iStock

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The diabetes burden is rising in the country. It is a known fact that diabetes leads to various problems such as heart, liver, kidney, and gallbladder. It takes a toll on one's eyes too. A large number of people with diabetes are detected with cataracts that impair one's vision.

Dr Nusrat Bukhari, opthalmologist, Apollo Spectra Mumbai says, "A cataract is when your eye's natural lens becomes cloudy. Unfortunately, one can encounter symptoms such as clouded, blurred, or dim vision, nighttime vision problems, sensitivity to light and glare, requirement for brighter light for reading and other activities, and double vision in one eye."

Here is how diabetes can lead to cataracts:
Various studies have established a link between diabetes and cataracts. Did you know? High blood sugar levels in diabetic patients can lead to the accumulation of sorbitol in the lens of the eye, causing swell and cloud over time. This process tends to interrupt the normal functioning of the lens, and one can get cataracts.

Furthermore, oxidative stress due to diabetes causes cataracts by damaging proteins in the lens and impeding their ability to maintain transparency. Moreover, high blood sugar (blood glucose) levels can later cause unwanted changes in the lens of the eye and one can experience cataracts.

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The treatment
One will require cataract surgery to restore vision. After surgery, the expert will suggest wearing an eyepatch for a few days and prescribe eye drops to reduce inflammation and prevent infection. One should not panic as the surgery is safe and risk-free. However, adhere to the instructions given by the expert and don't self-medicate or use any over-the-counter eye drops without the doctor's knowledge.

Vital measures for diabetics to keep cataracts at bay:
To prevent cataracts, one should control blood sugar levels by taking medications regularly. Try to monitor the blood sugar levels at home or in clinical settings.

Furthermore, eat a well-balanced diet, exercise, and stay stress-free by doing yoga or meditation.

Ensure you add spinach, kale, citrus fruits, nuts, and seeds into your daily diet.

Choose sunglasses that block harmful UV rays when outdoors to prevent your eyes from damage that may invite cataracts.

Take charge of your health if you have diabetes and you will be able to safeguard your eyes.

Also Read: Rains to arrive soon in Mumbai; doctors share tips to battle monsoon diseases

Disclaimer: This information does not replace professional medical advice. Consult a qualified specialist or your physician for personalised guidance.

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