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Doctors may soon be able to detect, diagnose cancer using AI: Study

Doctors may soon be able to detect and diagnose cancer in patients using artificial intelligence (AI) that will allow for earlier treatment, a new study said on Thursday.  According to the study published in the journal Biology Methods and Protocols, the researchers from Cambridge University and Imperial College London trained an AI mode, using a combination of machine and deep learning, to look at the "DNA methylation" patterns and identify 13 different types of cancer, including breast, liver, lung, and prostate cancers -- from non-cancerous tissue with 98.2 percent accuracy. "Genetic information is encoded in DNA by patterns of the four based -- denoted by A, T, G and C -- that make up its structure. Environmental changes outside the cell can cause some DNA bases to be modified by adding a methyl group. This process is called 'DNA methylation'," the researchers explained. Each cell possesses millions of these DNA methylation marks. Researchers have observed changes to these marks in early cancer development; they could aid in early cancer diagnosis. "Computational methods such as this model, through better training on more varied data and rigorous testing in the clinic, will eventually provide AI models that can help doctors with early detection and screening of cancers," said the paper's lead author, Shamith Samarajiwa. "This will provide better patient outcomes," he added. In addition, the researchers mentioned that identifying these unusual methylation patterns (potentially from biopsies) would allow healthcare providers to detect cancer early. This could potentially improve patient outcomes dramatically, as most cancers are treatable or curable if detected early enough, they added. Also Read: Yoga Nidra brings key changes in brain’s functional connectivity during practice This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

20 June,2024 05:06 PM IST | Mumbai | IANS
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Yoga Nidra brings key changes in brain’s functional connectivity during practice

Yoga Nidra brought significant changes in the brain's functional connectivity during the practice, a first functional MRI (fMRI) study exploring the neural mechanisms underlying Yoga Nidra, showed on Thursday.  The study by the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, AIIMS Delhi, and Mahajan Imaging Delhi, also showed how Yoga Nidra practice brings deep relaxation and increased awareness. "According to Yogic texts, Yoga Nidra helps bring the ‘samskaras’ buried in the deep subconscious minds to the surface and eventually helps release them, thereby promoting health. “The activation of brain areas involved in processing emotions is a very interesting finding in this context," said IIT Delhi’s Prof. Rahul Garg. Yoga Nidra practice often referred to as 'yogic sleep' or 'non-sleep deep rest (NSDR)', is designed to induce a state of deep relaxation while maintaining heightened awareness. Practitioners use it to deepen their meditative states, and several research studies have demonstrated its significant benefits for mental health. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, included two groups -- 30 meditators (householders with an average of 3000 hours of experience in meditation and/or yogic practices) and 31 matched novice controls. The researchers found that the Default Mode Network (DMN) behaves differently (less connected) in experienced meditators compared to novices. This difference in brain communication patterns helps us understand how Yoga Nidra modulates our brain functions, promoting a state of deep relaxation while staying aware, the researchers said. DMN is a group of interconnected brain regions that are active when an individual is not focused on the outside world. It's like the brain's "background mode" that operates when someone is daydreaming, thinking about themselves, or just letting their minds wander. DMN connectivity refers to how well these brain regions communicate and work together. The researchers also found a strong link between the amount of meditation and yoga practice participants had and the reduction in DMN connectivity during Yoga Nidra. According to them, the more hours participants spent practising meditation and yoga, the more noticeable the changes in their brain activity during Yoga Nidra. In addition, the study mentioned that while listening to the guided instructions during Yoga Nidra, both experienced meditators and novices showed activity in several parts of their brains involved in processing language and movements as expected. "However, what was more interesting was activation in regions associated with processing emotions, and in the brain area Thalamus, which is involved in controlling sleep," the researchers highlighted. Also Read: How AI algorithms inform box office trends, film production and talent casting

20 June,2024 03:10 PM IST | Mumbai | IANS
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New research shows walking can stop backache from returning

If you have ever had backache, you may know the initial relief when the pain subsides, only to suffer a nasty shock when it comes back.  Those who are in the habit of taking a walk will find their back aches much less frequently, according to new medical research. And the great news is that your walk need not be especially athletic. Scientists in Australia prescribed a walking programme for a group involving hundreds of non-athletic adults who had recovered after suffering from non-specific lower back pain. Half undertook the exercise -- walking for at least 30 minutes, five days a week -- while the other half of the group of 701 did not. Physiotherapists helped individually tailor their walking programmes. On average, those who followed the exercise programme had such severe low back pain again after 208 days that they had to restrict their regular activities. But for those people in the control group, their back pain only returned and forced them to stop doing their usual activities after just 112 days. That means those included in the walking programme had almost twice as long until their pain returned. They also experienced less pain overall, said Mark Hancock, co-author of the study led by Natasha Pocovi from Macquarie University in Sydney and published in the Lancet medical journal. "We don't know exactly why walking is so good for preventing back pain," said Hancock. "But it's probably a combination of the gentle oscillating movements, the strain and strengthening of the spinal structures and muscles, the relaxation and stress relief and the release of feel-good endorphins." Doctors have long been recommending that people with back pain exercise regularly and do sport. However, not everyone has the money, time or access to exercise programmes, said Pocovi. "Walking is an inexpensive, easily accessible and simple exercise." The researchers hope that their findings can help as many people as possible around the world, especially given that more than 600 million people worldwide suffer from lower back pain. Also Read: 53 pc of adults with ADHD chose to keep quiet about their diagnosis This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

20 June,2024 01:22 PM IST | Mumbai | IANS
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53 pc of adults with ADHD chose to keep quiet about their diagnosis: Study

About 53 per cent of adults with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) chose to keep their diagnosis to themselves, with 66 per cent of young women (aged 18–34) choosing to remain silent compared to 42 per cent of young men, signalling an inherent societal bias.  According to the non-profit organisation Understood.org, about 63 per cent of adults with a learning or thinking difference wish they had been diagnosed earlier in life. The study surveyed 2,000 adults in the US aged over 18. The study also found that most adults (56 per cent) agreed that women with ADHD were perceived differently than men with ADHD, including three in four women with ADHD (75 per cent) who feel this way. As per Laura Key, VP of content strategy and co-leader of the women's initiative at Understood.org, women with ADHD are considerably more likely to be "undiagnosed, misdiagnosed, and misunderstood" than men. In addition, the study found that about 58 per cent of adults know that women are just as likely to have ADHD as men, yet many have misconceptions about ADHD in women. A notable 75 per cent of adults were unaware that women with ADHD were less likely to be diagnosed than men, and 72 per cent were unaware that they were more likely to be misdiagnosed than men. The study also revealed that 87 per cent of people were unaware of bias against women in ADHD testing tools. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

20 June,2024 12:34 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
Indian playback singer Alka Yagnik opened up about her rare condition in an Instagram post earlier this week. Photo Courtesy: mid-day file pic

Mid-Day Premium Mumbai doctors shed light on Alka Yagnik’s diagnosis of nerve hearing loss

Renowned Indian playback singer Alka Yagnik gave a major health update to fans when she revealed about suffering from a rare sensory neural hearing loss due to a viral attack after travelling by flight. With more celebrities like Yagnik talk about their health, there is a lot more awareness about different conditions now more than ever before and it is no different with her recent health update. So, what really is Sensorineural nerve hearing loss? “Sensorineural nerve hearing loss or SNHL is a rare type of hearing loss that happens when the tiny hair cells in the inner ear or the nerve that connects the ear to the brain get damaged, according to Dr. Sheetal Radia, Consultant Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Oncosurgery, Wockhardt Hospitals in Mira Road. “It is an emergency in ENT practice. It is characterised by average hearing loss of more than 30 decibels in 3 contiguous frequencies within 72 hours. Incidence: from 10 to 70 cases per year for a population of 100,000,” adds Dr. Sanjiv Badhwar, consultant and head, ENT Services at Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital Mumbai. In her Instagram post, the singer known for many Bollywood hits including ‘Ek Do Teen’ from Tezaab (1988), said, “To all my fans, friends, followers and well wishers. A few weeks ago, as I walked out of a flight, I suddenly felt I was not able to hear anything. Having mustered some courage in the weeks following the episode, I want to break my silence now for all my friends and well wishers who have been asking me why I’m missing in action.”  “It has been diagnosed by my docs as a rare sensory neural nerve hearing loss, due to a viral attack. This sudden, major setback has caught me completely unawares. As I attempt to come to terms with it please keep me in your prayers. For my fans and young colleagues, I would add a word of caution regarding exposure to very loud music and headphones. One day, I wish to share the health perils of my professional life. With all your love and support I am hoping to recalibrate my life and come back to you soon. Your support and understanding will mean the world to me in this critical hour,” she added. Mid-day.com spoke to Dr Radia and Dr Badhwar to know more about the condition and how severe it is. They not only explain the causes but also stress on the need to take care of loud sounds.            View this post on Instagram                       A post shared by Alka Yagnik (@therealalkayagnik) What is rare sensory neural nerve hearing loss and what are the different kinds of such conditions? Radia: Sensorineural nerve hearing loss (SNHL) is a rare type of hearing loss that happens when the tiny hair cells in the inner ear or the nerve that connects the ear to the brain get damaged. SNHL is one of the primary causes of hearing loss in adults. It can range from mild to completely losing the capabilities of hearing depending on the severity of the damage.  There are three types of SNHL, classified as bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, and asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss. Bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in simple words means loss of hearing in both ears due to genetics, prolonged exposure to loud noise, and health problems like measles. It can gradually develop over time, and suddenly in some rare cases.  Unilateral sensorineural hearing loss is a type of hearing loss that only affects one ear due to reasons like tumors, Meniere’s disease, mumps, infection, and persistent loud noise in one ear. Asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss means the impact of hearing loss is different in each ear but one side is worse than the other depending on the damage caused. What are the different ways in which it is caused? Radia: SNHL can be caused by multiple reasons such as Congenital, sudden, and acquired. Acquired sensorineural nerve hearing loss can occur due to several factors such as exposure to loud noise, change in pressure during scuba diving, or traveling in a plane, resulting in hearing loss and damage to delicate parts of the ear. It simply means that hearing loss usually develops after birth. Badhwar: The causes of the condition are viral infection, Covid, vascular occlusion, autoimmune conditions, barotrauma, intense noise exposure, injuries, ototoxic medication and tumours. The investigations usually include a complete ENT examination, audiological examination, audiometry, MRI, and blood tests if indicated. What is a viral attack and what role does it play in causing it? Radia: A viral attack in general means an infection caused by a certain virus. In Sensorineural nerve hearing loss, viruses like mumps, measles, rubella, and cytomegalovirus can severely infect the auditory nerve or the inner ear. This further leads to experiencing inflammation and discomfort and also increases the risk of permanent hearing loss. Who gets most affected by it? Does it have a particular age group? Radia: Sensory hearing loss can happen to anyone from all age groups. However, the cause of SNHL might differ in each age group. Some children are born with hearing loss due to genetics or infections; this is also called Congenital hearing loss. Adults develop hearing loss mostly due to prolonged exposure to loud noises at the workplace, or public transportation which can damage their inner ear leading to permanent hearing loss. As people get older, their capabilities of hearing decrease over time; this is also known as age-related hearing loss. Badhwar: While a good prognisis can let it have a short history, as well as improvement in the first two weeks, and the absence of vertigo, a poor prognosis leads to late presentation, usually above the age of 60 years, and has associated vertigo and profound hearing loss (more than 90 decibels). Alka Yagnik also highlighted about exposure to loud musicand headphones. How does their usage affect the ears in such cases?  Radia: Using headphones or earphones for prolonged periods that too at full volume can affect your ears. Headphones and earphones can send direct sound to your ear canal, making it more harmful compared to sounds in a normal environment. Once the hair cells that are responsible for transmitting sound signals get damaged, they do not regenerate or heal on their own, further leading to permanent hearing loss. Can people prevent hearing loss? If yes, please suggest tips.  Radia: Avoiding loud noises or environments such as concerts, construction sites, or loud machinery will prevent hearing loss. If you can't avoid these places, then always remember to use earplugs to ensure your safety. Limit the use of headphones or the maximum volume as this can significantly hamper your hearing capabilities. Get your hearing checked if you notice certain difficulties in hearing or work in loud environments. Why should people take sensory neural nerve hearing loss seriously? Radia: Sensorineural nerve hearing loss or hearing loss in general, should be taken seriously and adversely impact an individual's daily life. Struggling to hear or completely losing the capability of hearing can take a toll on mental health causing stress and anxiety. One might always feel left out or worry about missing important sounds increasing the risk of isolation and depression. Early detection can help reduce the chances of getting SNHL and lead to positive outcomes.  Does the condition present permanent hearing loss? Radia: SNHL is generally permanent and once the hair cells present in the inner ears are damaged or lost, they can't be treated. These hair cells do not heal or regenerate independently compared to other tissues in the body. It can also permanently cause damage to the Auditory Nerve which is responsible for transmitting sound signals from the cochlea (auditory organ) to the brain. Severe damage to this nerve can result in infections, diseases, or trauma. What is the treatment method?Radia: After diagnosing the SNHL by audiometry report and detecting hearing loss, doctors further suggest treatment options depending on the damage caused. If a person is having a sudden SNHL, doctors prescribe systemic steroids, and also steroid injections behind the eardrum which help in reversing the hearing loss. Badhwar: The patient is given intensive treatment for 10 days. This includes steroids, antivirals, vasodilators, hyperbaric oxygen treatment. This is supported by 3 steroid injections given in the ear at weekly intervals. These patients are monitored carefully with serial hearing assessment. About 30-40 per cent of patients show recovery which may be complete or partial. These patients are carefully followed up and those who have moderate hearing loss are offered hearing aids. Those patients who have persistent severe to profound hearing loss which persists for 3 to 6 months after the onset of this condition are suitable candidates for a Cochlear Implant which can restore their hearing and give them a good quality of life. Therefore, people who do suffer from this condition should not despair because today we have excellent solutions to mitigate this ailment.   Since she experienced it after getting off a flight, what should people keep in mind while travelling by flight for their ears?  Radia: When flying there's a sudden change in air pressure which can highly impact an individual's ears. In rare cases, this air pressure can further lead to discomfort, temporary hearing loss, and even sensorineural nerve hearing loss. Changes in pressure between the outer ear and the middle ear mainly cause it. Chewing gum or snacking on candy promotes swallowing. Swallowing can help open the Eustachian tube, which is responsible for equalising air pressure on both sides of the eardrum. Start chewing on candy just before take-off and landing to prevent your ears from getting blocked. Lastly, how can people take care of their ears to avoid sensory neural nerve hearing loss? Radia: It is important to take necessary precautions to reduce the risk of developing SNHL. This can be achieved by doing needful safety measurements such as wearing ear plugs or noise cancellation headphones in loud environments such as concerts or parties, limiting the usage of earphones or earpods for prolonged periods, lowering the volume of TV and music systems, and lastly by getting regular hearing checkups. People working in factories where the noise is more than 85 decibels should use ear plugs, and earmuffs to protect their ears from noise pollution. Regular hearing screening also known as audiological evaluations is crucial in monitoring and maintaining healthy hearing in individuals.

20 June,2024 12:02 PM IST | Mumbai | Nascimento Pinto
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Depression around childbirth linked to future heart risk: Study

Women who are diagnosed with depression around the time they give birth appear to have a higher risk of heart problems in later life, according to a new study.   Those diagnosed with perinatal depression -- which includes postnatal depression and depression during pregnancy -- may be at higher risk of heart problems including high blood pressure; heart disease and heart failure for up to 20 years afterwards. Swedish researchers said that the links between depression around childbirth and the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease are “largely unknown” as they published a study tracking women for more than a decade. The study, published in the European Heart Journal, examined data on almost 56,000 women diagnosed with perinatal depression between 2001 and 2014. Their information was matched to almost 546,000 who had babies during the same time period who were not diagnosed with perinatal depression. The women were tracked an average of 10 years, with some monitored for up to 20 years after diagnosis. Some 6.4 per cent of women with perinatal depression were diagnosed with cardiovascular disease during the follow-up, compared to 3.7 per cent of those who were not diagnosed with depression. Researchers found that those diagnosed with perinatal depression had a 36 per cent increased risk of cardiovascular disease during the follow-up period. Women diagnosed with depression before childbirth had a 29 per cent increased risk, while those diagnosed with postnatal depression had a 42 per cent higher odds of developing heart disease, they found. The results were “most pronounced” in women who had not suffered depression before pregnancy, the authors said. They said the elevated risk was found across all types of cardiovascular disease, drawing particular attention to the increased odds of women developing ischemic heart disease, heart failure and high blood pressure. "Our findings may help identify people who are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease so that steps can be taken to reduce this risk," said Dr Emma Brann, from the Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm. “We know that perinatal depression is both preventable and treatable, and for many people it’s the first episode of depression they’ve ever experienced," Brann said. "Our findings provide more reason for ensuring maternal care is holistic, with equal attention on both physical and mental health. It remains unclear how and through what pathways perinatal depression leads to cardiovascular disease. “We need to do more research to understand this so that we can find the best ways to prevent depression and lower the risk of CVD." Academics also analysed data on sisters, where available, and found that the increased risk of developing CVD remained in the sister who experienced perinatal depression compared with her sister who had not experienced it. Women who suffered perinatal depression had a 20 per cent higher risk of heart disease compared to their sisters. “The slightly lower difference in risk between sisters suggests that there could be genetic or familial factors partly involved,” Dr Brann said. “There could also be other factors involved, as is the case for the link between other forms of depression and CVD. These include alterations in the immune system, oxidative stress and lifestyle changes implicated in major depression,” Dr Brann concluded. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

19 June,2024 04:13 PM IST | London | IANS
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Adding nuts to weight loss diets could help achieve goal early: Study

Adding nuts to a calorie-controlled weight loss diet does not hinder weight reduction but may have the opposite effect, a new study said on Tuesday.  The study conducted by the University of South Australia (UniSA) analysed the findings of seven randomised controlled trials that assessed weight changes and glycaemic control in energy-restrictive (ER) diets. The researchers found that none of the studies produced an adverse effect to weight loss when nuts were included as part of the diet. According to UniSA researcher Professor Alison Coates, nuts are a nutrient-rich food that should be included in weight-loss diets. "People often avoid nuts when trying to lose weight because they think that the energy and fat content in nuts can contribute to weight gain,” said Prof Coates. Four out of the seven studies analysed by the researchers showed that people who ate 42-84 grams of nuts as part of an ER diet achieved significantly more weight loss than those on ER diets without nuts. Weight loss from the ‘nut-enriched’ ER diets achieved an extra 1.4-7.4 kg which may be related to the ability of nuts to help curb hunger efficiently. "If weight gain was a concern discouraging people from eating nuts -- rest assured that this is not the case. Nuts do not cause weight gain. Furthermore, they do not adversely affect weight loss, rather they appear to assist it," said Prof Coates. According to Dr Sharayah Carter, co-author of the study, “For those who enjoy eating nuts, knowing that they can help meet weight loss goals, while also improving overall health is a huge plus. “It’s also great for health professionals who can be confident in recommending nuts, in the context of a healthy diet, without concerns of an adverse effect on weight." This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

19 June,2024 03:55 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
Veteran Bollywood singer Alka Yagnik revealed that she has been diagnosed with a

What's this 'rare sensory hearing loss' singer Alka Yagnik was diagnosed with?

Veteran Bollywood singer Alka Yagnik, who revealed that she has been diagnosed with a "rare sensory hearing loss" due to a viral attack, has suffered a type of hearing loss caused by damage to the inner ear or the nerve pathways that transmit sound from the ear to the brain.  According to Dr Manish Munjal, vice chairman, ENT, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital in Delhi, sudden sensory hearing loss is a medical emergency as it can become irreversible if not aggressively treated in 48-72 hours. "The centre of the problem is the inner ear organ called Cochlea, where it happens due to damage to the hair cells," Munjal said on Tuesday. The causes may range from simple viruses like Herpes, Varicella, and Mumps or sudden loud exposure to noise levels above 85 decibel (dB). Munjal also mentioned that this disorder may also result from more serious causes like painkiller overdose, chemotherapy, tumour compression, meningitis and stroke. "The need of the hour is usually to rush to an ENT specialist to get the necessary ear examination done as well as get an audiometry test. Once diagnosed, the treatment may require a cocktail of antivirals, oral and intratympanic steroids, as well as rest from noisy environments," he stated. According to the doctor, once the treatment is initiated, the chances of recovery are usually 70 per cent and above. The disorder affects only 1 per cent in bilateral ears as compared to single ear, Munjal noted. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

18 June,2024 09:36 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Robotic surgery removes complex tumour between newly-wed's bladder and uterus

Using cutting-edge robotic technology, doctors at the Sir Ganga Ram Hospital have removed a complex tumour located between the bladder and the uterus of a young woman.  The 6x5x4 cm tumour in the pocket between her bladder and uterus was discovered during a routine ultrasound. The Department of Urology and Robotic Surgery of the hospital determined that the tumour's exact nature could not be confirmed through imaging or biopsy due to its difficult location. “The challenges in this surgery were immense. We had to remove the tumour without affecting the uterus, bladder, or ureter -- all while avoiding a large incision that could complicate the patient's future pregnancy plans,” said Vipin Tyagi, the lead surgeon. Tyagi and his team hence opted for a robotic-assisted surgery. The advanced robotic system allowed for unparalleled precision, flexibility, and control throughout the delicate operation. “The robotic technology was essential in accessing this difficult pocket between the organs and removing the tumor without any collateral damage," the surgeon said. Following the successful surgery, the newly-wed patient was discharged from the hospital just two days later – with her fertility preserved, said the hospital. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

18 June,2024 11:13 AM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Chronic high BP during pregnancy doubled between 2008 and 2021 in US: Study

The number of individuals who had chronic hypertension or chronic high blood pressure during pregnancy doubled between 2008 and 2021 in the US, researchers said on Monday.   Treatment rates for chronic hypertension during pregnancy remained relatively low but stable during the same time, with only about 60 per cent of the individuals receiving (filling prescriptions for) antihypertensive medications, according to the new research published in Hypertension, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Heart Association.  Chronic hypertension in pregnancy is defined as high blood pressure diagnosed before pregnancy or before 20 weeks of pregnancy. Preeclampsia typically begins after 20 weeks of pregnancy, can cause liver or kidney damage, and may double a woman’s chances for future heart failure and other cardiovascular complications.  "While the rate of hypertension in pregnancy has doubled, the use of medication for treatment remained stable at only 60 per cent, which we believe is likely below what it should be if patients are treated according to clinical guidelines," said lead study author Stephanie Leonard from Stanford University’s School of Medicine.  In 2017, clinical guidelines from the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology revised the thresholds to diagnose high blood pressure from 140/90 mm Hg to 130/80 mm Hg for stage 1, and from 160/110 mm Hg to 140/90 mm Hg for stage 2 hypertension.  "We had hoped to see some impact from the 2017 guideline, which reduced the blood pressure threshold for treatment of hypertension. We were surprised to not find any meaningful changes from before and after the guideline," said Leonard.  This study highlights the growing burden of chronic hypertension and poor cardiovascular health pre-pregnancy as critical targets to improve maternal health, said the researchers.  This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

17 June,2024 07:47 PM IST | New York | IANS
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Treatment for stress-induced exhaustion disorder needs to be relooked: Research

Traditional treatment can tend to overlook important psychological and social aspects of stress-induced exhaustion disorder, researchers said on Monday, adding that the concept of stress needs to be discussed from a new perspective.  Despite stress being central to human development, the focus is often on the negative aspects of stress. A new thesis at Uppsala University in Sweden questioned the traditional view of stress-induced exhaustion disorder and introduced a new model that puts more focus on meaningfulness rather than recovery. “There are no established evidence-based models for the psychological treatment of stress-induced exhaustion disorder. The concepts of ‘recovery’ and ‘stress’ are so widely accepted in our current era that it is difficult to examine them critically,” said Jakob Clason van de Leur from the Department of Psychology at Uppsala University. It’s easy to think that patients with stress-related exhaustion should prioritise rest and relaxation. "But an overly one-sided focus on recovery can lead to a passive existence that it’s easy to get stuck in and can instead become harmful over time,” van de Leur added. He has followed 915 patients with stress-related exhaustion who have participated in comprehensive rehabilitation programmes, including medical, psychological, and physiotherapeutic methods. While the results are positive, he said this approach is relatively ineffective overall. “The treatments used to last up to one year when I started - now we are working on a 12-week digital programme,” van de Leur informed. Despite being a small study, "the results show similar effects to our previous six-month treatment programme, using only a quarter of the clinical resources. This means that the treatment can be made available to more patients in the healthcare system,” the researchers explained. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

17 June,2024 07:11 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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