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World Cancer Day 2023: More middle-aged Indian women prone to breast cancer

Instances of women below 35 years falling prey to breast cancer are on a steady rise in India, say experts who attribute the trend to obesity and sedentary lifestyle. The medical fraternity across the country has undertaken a campaign to create awareness about the deadly disease as part of the Breast Cancer Awareness observed every October. Dr Niti Raizada, Director - Medical Oncology and Hemato-Oncology, Fortis Group of Hospitals, Bangalore told IANS that according to data from GloboCan 2020, a total of 1.78 lakh women in India are diagnosed with breast cancer annually from GloboCan 2020. "However, unlike the west, where cancer is more frequently observed in women over the 55 years, our country also has women in the age range of 35 to 50 years who are the extremely prevalent age group of breast cancer," she added. Dr Vipin Goel, Senior Consultant and Laparoscopic Surgeon, Surgical Oncology, CARE Hospitals Group, explained that women developing breast cancer at a much younger age compared to others is because of these genes. On the other hand, an important cause of breast cancer is a sedentary lifestyle, mainly a lack of exercise and poor diet (obesity). Underlining that breast cancer can be prevented, he said the primary measure is to remove the risk factors by improving the lifestyle. This includes enough physical exercise, avoiding smoking and drinking, and a balanced diet. A few years ago, cervical cancer was the number one cancer among the female population in India. This was due to poor hygiene and human papillomavirus. The incidence of cervical cancer is decreasing. Now, breast cancer has replaced cervical cancer as the number one cancer in females in India. "The incidence of Breast cancer in young people is showing an increasing trend. Ten years ago, we saw one to three cases in 100 breast cancer cases below the age of 35 years. Now we see around eight to ten in 100 cases below the age of 35 years," Dr Goel stated. He further explained that the cause for the increase can be both hereditary and non-hereditary. Around 10-20 per cent of breast cancer cases in the world are hereditary because of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes present in people. The secondary measure for preventing 'Breast cancer' is going for screening and tests. A mammogram is one of the simplest tests to determine lumps in the breasts. It is advised to get a screening done once a year after the age of 40 years. If the cancer is caught in an early stage as stage I, the chances of survival and cure are almost 95 per cent, he explained. It is critical to address these issues in order to effectively treat younger women with the life threatening disease. Although breast cancer is a risk for all women, certain factors can raise the likelihood that a woman will get the disease before age 45. The first step in determining your risk is to determine what factors increase the likelihood of developing breast cancer. "Knowing the symptoms of breast cancer might also help you determine when to consult a doctor," he underlines. On a similar note, Dr Amit Rauthan, HOD and Consultant - Medical Oncology, Manipal Hospital Old Airport Road stated that the rising incidence of breast cancer in younger women is because they are in their prime and busy juggling both work and the home front. While some are young unmarried females, some have small children, and others have families to take care of. Their diagnosis affects them and their family life tremendously! he added. Though the exact cause is not known, it is possibly a mix of environmental, dietary and lifestyle factors. About 15 per cent of young females have hereditary breast cancer, Dr Rauthan stated. The biology of breast cancer in younger females is more aggressive, and they tend to have a higher stage at diagnosis, and a higher incidence of the aggressive triple negative subtype, he explained. Management of breast cancer requires a multi-modality approach using surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormonal therapy. Special issues which need to be considered in young females relate to fertility, marriage, sex, nursing and long term implications, he says. "Special consideration is required as fertility preservation needs to be planned during their treatment. Chemotherapy is known to affect fertility, and so special techniques are used for fertility preservation." This may be in the form of embryo or ovary cryopreservation before starting chemotherapy, or in the form of special hormonal injections given during chemotherapy to preserve the ovarian function. During surgery, emphasis is given to breast conservation surgery, which not only improves cosmesis, but gives a lot of psychological advantage for females," Dr Rauthan explained. Better understanding of breast cancer biology in younger women is leading to improved outcomes with a good quality of life. Integration of newer modalities like immunotherapy and targeted therapies are also paving a way for better long term survival, he added. Dr Niti Raizada explains that breast cancer in young could also have some hereditary factors related, and triple-negative and HER2-positive breast cancer are frequently found in younger women. Additionally, these variants are a very aggressive variety that needs more intensive monitoring and treatment. These women also have fertility issues because the majority of them either want to complete their families or are undergoing IVF treatment, she said. It is critical to address these issues in order to effectively treat younger women with breast cancer. Although breast cancer is a risk for all women, certain factors can raise the likelihood that a woman will get the disease before age 45, as per Dr Raizada. "Knowing the symptoms of breast cancer might also help one determine when to consult a doctor," she said. Also read: Real cancer cases estimated to be 3 times higher than reported in India: Report This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

04 February,2023 10:04 AM IST | Mumbai | IANS
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World Cancer Day 2023: Inhibiting ovulation can reduce risks of ovarian cancer

A new study has found that inhibiting ovulation can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer among women who ovulate more frequently throughout the course of their lifetimes. This week's publication of a new international study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute provides new insights into the potential variations in this relationship among various subtypes of ovarian cancer as well as how oral contraceptives, pregnancy, and breastfeeding affect ovarian cancer risk beyond merely suppressing ovulation. "Ovarian cancer is a highly fatal group of diseases with limited treatment options, so understanding its origins and the factors that contribute to disease development are critical steps in devising prevention approaches and improving women's health," said senior author Francesmary Modugno, Ph.D., professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences at Magee-Womens Research Institute and UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, who led an international team of researchers. "Studies like this, where researchers from around the world come together and share their data, are critical to achieving these goals." The analysis of 21,267 women with ovarian cancer and 26,204 healthy control subjects from 25 studies showed that factors that reduce ovulation duration -- namely, oral contraceptives, pregnancy and breastfeeding -- were linked with reduced cancer risk and this protective effect was stronger than expected based on ovulation suppression alone. The finding suggests that these factors contribute to cancer risk in other ways, such as via altering hormones or inflammation. The researchers also found important distinctions between different subtypes of ovarian cancer. For example, mucinous tumors were associated with factors that suppress ovulation, but not with ovulation duration itself, another clue that oral contraceptives, pregnancy and breastfeeding affect cancer risk beyond suppressing ovulation. In contrast, for high-grade serous ovarian cancer, the most common and deadly subtype, the association of oral contraceptives, pregnancy and breastfeeding were as expected, indicating that these factors contribute to risk of serous ovarian cancer through ovulation suppression. "These findings emphasise that ovarian cancer subtypes are different diseases with different causes," said Modugno. "This is important as it will hopefully encourage scientists to look for new hypotheses as to how these diseases arise and shed new light on how we can prevent them. Right now, treatment options are limited, so preventing ovarian cancer is the best hope we have for saving lives." Also Read: Periodic use of antibiotics may increase risk of inflammatory bowel disease This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

04 February,2023 09:29 AM IST | Pittsburgh | ANI
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World Cancer Day 2023: Real cases to be 3 times higher than reported in India

Real cancer incidence level in India is estimated to be 1.5 to three times higher than reported incidence as 51 per cent patients take more than a week to conclude diagnosis while 46 per cent take second opinion due to lack of confidence in initial diagnosis and suggested treatment, according to a study by FICCI and EY titled "Call for Action: Making quality cancer care more accessible and affordable in India". The reported cancer incidence in India this year is estimated to be 19 to 20 lakh, whereas real incidence is 1.5 to 3 times higher than the reported cases, the study revealed. India is faced with a sizable cancer incidence burden, which continues to grow exponentially. The 2020 WHO ranking on cancer burden in terms of new yearly cases being reported had ranked India at the third position after China and the US, respectively. "For cancer prevention, early diagnosis and widespread public awareness will be integral and will serve as a beacon of light to strengthen India's strategy for cancer care and other non-communicable diseases," said Ashok Kakkar, Chair, FICCI Task Force on Cancer Care. "While some of the most cutting-edge cancer treatment methods and technology are available in our country, we still have a long way to go before we can ensure that cancer patients from every socioeconomic background receive the best possible care," added Kakkar, also Managing Director, Varian Medical Systems International India Pvt Ltd. Cancer disease burden in India is characterized by poor detection with not more than 29 per cent, 15 per cent and 33 per cent of breast lung and cervical cancers being diagnosed in stages 1 and 2, respectively. The cancer of the head and neck are found to be progressing at a CAGR of 23 per cent, prostate cancer at 19 per cent, ovarian cancer at 11 per cent and breast cancer at 8 per cent, which is faster than the overall growth rate of incidence. Six states, which represent 18 per cent of India's population, have 23 per cent share of the country's reported incidence burden and have the highest crude incidence rates. Kerala, Mizoram, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Punjab, and Assam report the highest overall crude incidence rates of cancers which is greater than 130 cases per lakh population, the report mentioned. Estimates indicate that the total deaths owing to cancer were 8 to 9 lakh in 2020, causing the mortality to incidence ratio for different cancer types in India to be among the poorest compared to global counterparts. "To address the dual challenge of rising incidence and sub-optimal mortality to incidence ratio, it is imperative to drive mass awareness campaigns, focus on effective prevention and enable improved screening coverage as a primary response, said Srimayee Chakraborty, Life Sciences Partner, EY India. Also read: Liver cancer cases, deaths estimated to rise by more than 55 per cent by 2040: Study This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

03 February,2023 04:59 PM IST | Mumbai | IANS
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World Cancer Day 2023: Most women unaware of signs indicating breast cancer

Every year, October is celebrated as Breast Cancer Awareness Month. While there is a need for considerable knowledge on the subject for women to detect it early, a new US-based survey has found that most women are unaware of the unusual symptoms of a particularly aggressive and deadly form of the disease known as inflammatory breast cancer. The survey, which was conducted online among 1,100 US women ages 18 and older, revealed that while 4 in 5 women (78 per cent) recognise a lump in the breast as a sign of breast cancer. Less than half of women would flag redness of the breast (44 per cent), pitting/thickening of the skin (44 per cent), or one breast feeling warmer or heavier than the other (34 per cent) as possible symptoms of breast cancer; specifically, the rare and highly aggressive form of the disease known as inflammatory breast cancer. "Women should know that radical changes to the breast are not normal, and breast self-exams are still very important. Some 50 per cent of inflammatory breast cancers are diagnosed as stage 4 disease," said researcher Ko Un Park from The Ohio State University. The disease can occur in any part of the breast and in any molecular sub-form of the disease. It is often misdiagnosed because it mimics symptoms similar to a breast infection. Those signs include an orange peel-like texture or dimpling of skin; feeling of heaviness; tightening of the skin; engorgement of the breast; and infection-like redness. Park noted that even in the medical community, physicians and providers are not accustomed to thinking about a red breast as a sign associated with inflammatory breast cancer because it is such a rare disease. "Although inflammatory breast cancer only represents 1 per cent to 5 per cent of all breast cancers in the United States, it is a sneaky disease and challenging to diagnose," Park said. "It is critical that clinicians have a high level of familiarity with its subtle signs and be prepared to take immediate action to avoid belated diagnosis," Park added.Also Read: Experts say active lifestyle key to better management of arthritis This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

03 February,2023 04:59 PM IST | New York | IANS
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World Cancer Day 2023: Liver cancer cases, deaths estimated to rise

The number of people diagnosed with or dying from primary liver cancer per year could rise by more than 55 per cent by 2040, reveals a new analysis. According to a new report, published in the Journal of Hepatology, countries must achieve at least a 3 per cent annual decrease in liver cancer incidence and mortality rates to avoid this increase. "Liver cancer causes a huge burden of disease globally each year," said researcher Isabelle Soerjomataram, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO), Cancer Surveillance Branch, Lyon, France. "It is also largely preventable if control efforts are prioritised -- major risk factors include hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, alcohol consumption, excess body weight, and metabolic conditions including type 2 diabetes," Soerjomataram added. For the research, the team extracted data on primary liver cancer cases and deaths from the International Agency for Research on Cancer's GLOBOCAN 2020 database, which produces cancer incidence and mortality estimates for 36 cancer types in 185 countries worldwide. The predicted change in the number of cancer cases or deaths by the year 2040 was estimated using population projections produced by the UN. Results showed that in 2020, an estimated 905,700 individuals were diagnosed with liver cancer and 830,200 died from liver cancer globally. According to these data, liver cancer is now among the top three causes of cancer death in 46 countries and is among the top five causes of cancer death in nearly 100 countries, including several high-income countries. Liver cancer incidence and mortality rates were highest in Eastern Asia, Northern Africa, and South-Eastern Asia. Investigators predict the annual number of new cases and deaths from liver cancer will rise by more than 55 per cent over the next 20 years, assuming current rates do not change. Also read: Post-pandemic, 30 per cent more cancer patients treated at premier Mumbai institute This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

03 February,2023 04:59 PM IST | Mumbai | IANS
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Are you doing your best to stay protected from common flu?

With every other person in the city complaining of flu and cold, masking up may be the best thing you can do not just for yourself but others around you. By continuing the usage of masks if you feel any flu like symptoms, you are looking out for other people in your home and in your immediate surroundings by limiting the spread of the infection. You can actually reduce the chance of infection by wearing a mask. Many infections, including influenza, SARS, and Covid-19 are transmitted via respiratory droplets which are exhaled from the infected individual. There are different viruses that cause these infections and they tend to spread when an infected person breathes, speaks or coughs. When we wear a good quality mask without a valve, we are considerably reducing the likelihood of passing on that infection to others. This will be all the more important if you have babies in the house who can't wear masks or elderly who are vulnerable or have co-morbidities says Dr SC Ajmani, General Physician. In fact, research says that a single cough can produce up to 3000 droplets. More so, we expel thousands of droplets into the air, by even just speaking. Wearing a mask means that you are aiding infection control by blocking the source of infection, as the mask contains the wearer's germs and stops the route of transmission for airborne infections. It particularly benefits in not infecting people who are more vulnerable like elderly, little children and those with a weakened immune system. Also, whenever we visit high germ load places like hospitals or a clinic or a testing lab - masking up should be adopted as a good practice because we are going to a place which has high incidence of infection. It can be a part of our best effort to stay protected and a rather easy addition to our routine. The kind of mask one is wearing plays a huge role in how effective they really are in limiting the spread of infection. Choosing a respirator (an N-95 or an FFP2 S) over a cloth or a surgical mask should be preferred as they are better equipped to contain germs as well as prevent their entry through it. A study by the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self Organization, Germany, found that a fitting FFP2 and N95 masks provide a staggering 75 times better protection compared to surgical masks. A BIS approved FFP2 S mask like Savlon provides protection from virus, bacteria, dust, pollution, allergens and pollen (>= 0.3 micron). These masks provide 95 per cent protection from particle aerosols >= 0.3 micron. These masks have electrostatically charged melt blown filters which provide advanced filtration compared to ordinary masks. These masks are also tested for comfort and skin compatibility. Savlon FFP2 S Masks are BIS Certified. Each batch undergoes rigorous testing on quality performance and efficacy as prescribed by BIS. By wearing a good quality, well fitted mask the effects of viruses, bacteria, dust, pollution, pollen and allergens can be greatly reduced and can contribute to overall better health. Making up must become a conscious choice for safeguarding ones and other's health. Even if you have the slightest cough, sore throat or congestion or are visiting a hospital or a clinic - wearing a mask should be a natural instinct. Additionally, of course, it must always be accompanied by other hygiene practices such as washing hands, keeping your clothes disinfected, especially during winters, and maintaining hygiene in the home, because after all, Hygiene Sahi toh Health Sahi. Read More: From chapped lips to cracked heels: An expert guide to winter hydration This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

01 February,2023 05:13 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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From chapped lips to cracked heels: An expert guide to winter hydration

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As lovely as respite from the hot and humid Indian summer is, winter brings along myriad issues—from skincare to hair care. Owing to the drop in humidity, the winter months can be especially challenging for those suffering from dry skin as it struggles to maintain hydration. Along with flaky skin, chapped lips, and cracked heels are also common during the winter months which also indicated the need to modify your regimen with change in seasons. While a quick search can reveal thousands of tips, it can be overwhelming to determine what actually works. We’ve asked Dr. Mahesh Shahane, dermatologist at Sparsh Skin Clinic to share actionable solutions that are effective. TO KEEP SKIN HYDRATED Drink at least 2.5 litres of water The moment we talk about hydration, we think of water because this is one of the utmost natural ways to keep yourself and your skin hydrated. Keep a track of the amount of water you are consuming every day and it should not be less than 2.5 litres a day. Do not skip SPF indoors Sunscreens are sacrosanct in your skincare. While it protects your skin from harmful UV rays coming from the sun, it also locks in moisture in your skin to keep it hydrated. Excess exposure to blue light because of screen time can be one of the reasons for skin dehydration and dullness. Use SPF 50+ even indoors that will act as a shield to protect your skin from any damage. Use a gentle cleanser Treat your skin gently with a face wash or cleanser that suits your skin type. Your daily cleanser should be free of any fragrance or alcohol to leave your skin away from any harmful substance. A gentle cleanser will protect skin barrier, remove dirt and impurities, maintain glow and avoid dehydration. Avoid over cleansing, I would recommend twice a day, once in the morning and once before you sleep to keep your skin clean. Avoid hot showers If you are someone who likes to shower under hot water, then you might want to reconsider it. Hot showers will take away natural oil from skin, hence causing barrier damage and dehydration, while lukewarm or cool water will aid increased blood flow, reduce puffiness, and soothe your skin. Hyaluronic acid is the key Hyaluronic acid as a part of your morning routine every day will ensure a healthier, dewy and supple skin by retaining moisture to the skin. Hyaluronic acid is a powerful yet safe ingredient that will bind the water to collage, keeping it intact in the skin. Moisturise your skin Moisturisers are a must in your skincare routine. You must moisturise your skin twice a day – morning after cleansing and night before calling it a day. It helps your skin avoid irritation and dryness by protecting it from pollutants and it also holds the water in your skin. There are plenty of options available in the market for all skin types. FOR YOUR LIPS Re-apply that balm regularly One of the easiest ways to prevent chapped lips and heal dryness is applying a hydrating lip balm or chapstick every 2 to 3 hours during the winter season. The layer of the balm will act as a protective barrier as lips are more sensitive than the rest of your skin. SPF for lips Your lips need to be protected from harmful rays as much as your skin. Use any lip care product that provides SPF of minimum 30, a recommended amount, guarding the skin. Do not pick Stop pulling or peeling your chapped lips as that will make the matter worse, causing soreness, bleeding and flaky. Some easily available products with ingredients like shea butter, petroleum jelly, hyaluronic acid, Vitamin E and aloe-vera gel are good for lips. Wipe them clean before you snooze There’s no way you should sleep with your lipstick on, you should allow your lip to breathe. Remove the makeup with either a remover or damp cotton and wipe it clean. HEAL THOSE HEELS Exfoliate gently Gently exfoliate your feet to remove dead skin for a smooth and softer heel after soaking it in a lukewarm water for over 10 to 15 minutes. Try products with urea Urea is a great ingredient for cracked heels. It draws moisture to the skin and hydrates dry areas, making it a soothing moisturiser and exfoliator. Strengthening skin barriers, urea keeps the skin's barrier strong and healthy by renewing and regenerating skin cells. Ceramide-forward creams You can also use foot cream products that are enriched with ceramide as it helps restore your skin barriers and traps water in the skin. Comfort is crucial Avoid heels, open shoes like flip flops, sandals and opt for closed heel footwear with comfort cushioning that will let the crack heal. Read More: An expert’s guide to winter hair care

01 February,2023 10:50 AM IST | Mumbai | Maitrai Agarwal
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Five healthy ingredients that fitness enthusiasts must add to their diets

Fitness enthusiasts are always on the lookout for ingredients to help boost their fitness journeys. While chemical supplements are widely available in the market, the goodness of ayurvedic ingredients does not usually get the attention it deserves. Ayurveda is a centuries-old Indian healthcare practice. It aims to maintain health and wellness by balancing the mind, body, and spirit, and it focuses more on prevention than treatment. To accomplish this, it takes a holistic approach that encompasses nutrition, exercise, and lifestyle adjustments. Ayurvedic herbs and spices play a significant role in this approach. They are believed to give a range of health advantages, including better digestion and mental health, and actually protect your body from sickness. Here are 5 healthy ingredients for fitness enthusiasts shared by Dr. Kriti Soni, Head of R&D, Kapiva: Originally from India, ashwagandha (Withania Somnifera) is a little woody shrub. Its roots and berries are used to make a well-known Ayurvedic medicine. It is classified as an adaptogen, which means it is believed to help your body cope with stress more effectively. Cortisol is a hormone that your adrenal glands create in response to stress, and studies have shown that ashwagandha lowers cortisol levels. Fitness enthusiasts can benefit from it to relieve stress-both physical and psychological. Ashwagandha may also improve muscle growth and blood sugar levels. Shilajit is an ingredient that has been used extensively in Ayurvedic medicinal practices to treat a wide range of ailments. It is abundant in minerals and contains a major compound known as fulvic acid. While working out, fitness enthusiasts lose essential electrolytes that aid in regulating water balance, muscle contractions, nerve impulses, and metabolism by sweating. Shilajit is rich in certain mineral content, which has the ability to replace these electrolytes, thus maintaining physical performance and endurance. Triphala: Triphala is an Ayurvedic cure made from the three medicinal fruits listed: Amla (Emblica Officinalis, or Indian gooseberry) Bibhitaki (Terminalia Bellirica) Haritaki (Terminalia Chebula) According to research, Triphala may lessen arthritic inflammation and prevent or slow the spread of several cancers. Furthermore, Triphala is also beneficial for improved digestion and oral health. Fitness enthusiasts may benefit largely from including Triphala in their diet, as it can promote overall health and well-being. It acts as a colon toner and helps in strengthening and toning the tissues of the colon. As a result, it helps manage weight. Another well-liked Ayurvedic treatment is turmeric, which is the ingredient that gives curry its characteristic yellow colour. Its primary active ingredient, curcumin, is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Test-tube research suggests that it might be just as effective as other anti-inflammatory medications, if not more so, and without any of their negative effects. Additionally, turmeric may aid in the prevention of heart disease in part by enhancing blood flow, just as effectively as exercise or other prescribed drugs. Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), known as the "queen of spices," has been used in Ayurvedic medicine since ancient times. According to research, those with high blood pressure may benefit from using cardamom powder to lower it. There is evidence that inhaling cardamom essential oil may improve the body's ability to absorb oxygen when exercising. Ayurvedic studies suggest that adding cardamom may lower blood pressure, improve breathing, and heal stomach ulcers. However, the more human study is required before definitive conclusions can be drawn. Ayurvedic herbs and spices have been an integral part of traditional Indian medicine for centuries. An increasing amount of scientific evidence supports their many proposed health benefits, including protection against type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Thus, adding small amounts of these ingredients may help both flavor your meals and boost your health. That said, large doses may not be suitable for everyone, so make sure to seek advice from your healthcare provider before adding Ayurvedic supplements to your fitness regimen. Read More: Try the half-moon yoga posture to channelise inner creativity and light This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

31 January,2023 06:12 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Gum infection may risk heart arrhythmia: Research

Periodontitis, or gum disease, can cause a slew of dental problems, ranging from foul breath to bleeding and tooth loss. Hiroshima University researchers have discovered that it may be linked to far more serious disorders elsewhere in the body -- the heart. In a study published in JACC: Clinical Electrophysiology, the team found a significant correlation between periodontitis and fibrosis -- scarring to an appendage of the heart's left atrium that can lead to an irregular heartbeat called atrial fibrillation -- in a sample of 76 patients with cardiac disease. "Periodontitis is associated with a long-standing inflammation, and inflammation plays a key role in atrial fibrosis progression and atrial fibrillation pathogenesis," said first author Shunsuke Miyauchi, assistant professor with the Hiroshima University's Health Service Center. He is also affiliated with the university's Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, adding, "We hypothesized that periodontitis exacerbates atrial fibrosis. This histological study of left atrial appendages aimed to clarify the relationship between clinical periodontitis status and degree of atrial fibrosis." The left atrial appendages were surgically removed from the patients, and the researchers analyzed the tissue to establish the correlation between the severity of the atrial fibrosis and the severity of the gum disease. They found that the worse the periodontitis, the worse the fibrosis, suggesting that the inflammation of gums may intensify inflammation and disease in the heart. "This study provides basic evidence that periodontitis can aggravate atrial fibrosis and can be a novel modifiable risk factor for atrial fibrillation," said corresponding author Yukiko Nakano, professor of cardiovascular medicine in Hiroshima University's Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences. According to Nakano, in addition to improving other risk factors such as weight, activity levels, and tobacco and alcohol use, periodontal care could aid in comprehensive atrial fibrillation management. However, she cautioned that this study did not establish a causal relationship, meaning that while gum disease and atrial fibrosis degrees of severity appear connected, researchers have not found that one definitively leads to the other. "Further evidence is required for establishing that periodontitis contributes to the atrial fibrosis in a causal manner and that periodontal care can alter fibrosis," Nakano said, adding, "One of our goals is to confirm that periodontitis is a modifiable risk factor for atrial fibrillation and to promote dental specialists' participation in comprehensive atrial fibrillation management. Periodontitis is an easily modifiable target with lower cost among known atrial fibrillation risk factors. Thus, the achievement of this study series may bring benefits for many people worldwide." Next, the researchers said they hope to conduct future clinical trials to clarify if periodontal intervention reduces atrial fibrillation occurrence and improves patient outcomes.  Also Read: Reducing calories might be more effective than intermittent fasting This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

31 January,2023 09:35 AM IST | Japan | ANI
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Try the half-moon yoga posture to channelise inner creativity and light

As much as the sun is fiery and all about passion and high-octane energy, the moon on the opposite side is cooling, calming, and very creative in nature. Ardha Chandrasana as the name says particularly this posture brings serenity, and tranquility to the moon. It brings the shine and hue of light from within. Lunar energy helps you develop empathy, compassion, creativity, and connect with hearts. Talents are the sign of representation of moon subtleties and grace. The push and pulls of life stretch people to sit for late hours at work, till the sun rises. Long hours of sitting continuously lead to tight gluteus, quads, and hamstrings muscles. Ardha Chandrasana also known as Half Moon pose is a perfect posture for those. Because every asana is about geometry, our inner geometry corresponds to the geometry of the outside world, the Universe. This must also be flawless in terms of symmetry. So, when it comes to angles, make sure that you have deep relaxation in your body and mind and achieve the appropriate posture with the right alignment of your palms to shoulders and hands above, the leg that is down absolutely stable and deeply anchored for you to get anchored in your own self as well. The beauty of Ardha Chandrasana is the combination of being anchored and soaring in this posture. It's a standing and a challenging posture Like the moon goes through phases to reach the full moon. To achieve the perfect posture we also need to practice preparatory postures. Make sure your sensibilities, your senses, and your awareness are all conjured up together, and with absolute grace and softness of being you hold this posture and don't use aggression anywhere, because aggression doesn't allow you to balance, it will tip the balance. It may also cause injuries. So, one needs to warm up well before getting into the actual pose. You can do compound movements or any individual muscle group movements for warm-ups with gentle breath in and out, stretching every body part, especially your shoulders, back, lower back, gluteus, and hamstrings which are going to play in this posture. How to perform this posture Stand with Legs apart, Bend in Trikonasana, Breathe in slowly raise your leg up and try to balance on one foot and one arm. Try holding as much as comfortable. Repeat on another side. Focusing your attention in the upward movement of the hand and the alignment, being perpendicular to the ground is so important that leads to stability of the mind which we call "Sthirtha" in Yoga. The benefits: Strengthening core muscles: Strengthening your core muscles translates into strengthening confidence. Improves Body Balance: Practicing it on both sides keeps you well co-ordinate and deeply anchored into your being and mentally stable. Ardha Chandrasana in particular also helps you to bring equanimity to the fore, calmness, and serenity, once again Chandra representing the moon is all about coolness being collected, getting integrated, and balanced. Strengthens your legs: When you strengthen your legs, it helps to maintain your energy throughout the day precisive with clarity. Good Body stretch: Stretching on other hand expands spaces on your own being and helps you move your fluids and air-ether element better. When an air-ether element is stable your movement and mental state also become stable. Cellular regeneration: When done together, all kinds of stretches and bends contract most of our toxins in organs. When we stretch fresh nutrients and oxygen-laden blood gets into our organs. So, rejuvenating our organs and cellular regeneration is very good. Holding postures for an extended time helps us improve concentration, focus, determination, and Sankalp. With Sankalp, we can achieve anything. All Yoga postures translate into a stable, strong, confident personality. People who master Ardha Chandrasana are disciplined, they are very focused, determined, and most important they are visionary people. (Dr. Mickey Mehta is a Global leading holistic health guru/corporate life) Read More: Face yoga experts share asanas to get a toned jawline This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

30 January,2023 04:26 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Female, male hearts respond differently to stress hormone

Female and male hearts respond differently to the stress hormone called noradrenaline, a study in mice has revealed. The findings may have implications for human heart disorders like arrhythmias and heart failure and how different sexes respond to medications, according to the study published in Science Advances. The team built a new type of fluorescence imaging system that allowed them to use light to see how a mouse heart responds to hormones and neurotransmitters in real time. The mice were exposed to noradrenaline, also known as norepinephrine. Noradrenaline is both a neurotransmitter and hormone associated with the body's "fight or flight" response. The study also noted that however, some areas of the female heart return to normal more quickly than the male heart, which produces differences in the heart's electrical activity. "The differences in electrical activity that we observed are called repolarisation in the female hearts. Repolarisation refers to how the heart resets between each heartbeat and is closely linked to some types of arrhythmias," said Jessica L Caldwell, first author of the study. "The study reveals a new factor that may contribute to different arrhythmia susceptibility between men and women," Caldwell added. In this study, the researchers were interested in looking at factors that may contribute to arrhythmias. Arrhythmias are a type of heart disorder where the electrical impulses that control heartbeats don't function properly. Also Read: Medical expert shares tips to take care of bone and joint health in winters This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

25 January,2023 07:47 PM IST | New York | IANS
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