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Why are cases of oral cancer rising in India?

India bears a significant burden of oral cancers, and the country contributes to about 30 per cent of all global cases, said doctors on Tuesday. April is Oral Cancer Awareness Month. Also known as mouth cancer, the disease is the most common form of head and neck cancer and includes cancers of the mouth and the back of the throat. Traditionally known to affect older adults, the disease is seeing an early onset, Dr Sowrabh Arora, Senior Director - Surgical Oncology (Head & Neck), Max Hospital, Vaishali, told IANS. “Oral cancer is a significant health concern in India, ranking as the second most common cancer overall and the most common among males. Annually, there are over 100,000 new cases diagnosed. One emerging trend is the increasing incidence of oral cancer among young adults,” he said. “Alarmingly, the incidence of oral cancer is on the rise, with approximately 70 per cent of cases diagnosed at an advanced stage, complicating treatment efforts,” added Dr Mohit Saxena, Senior Consultant - Medical Oncology, Marengo Asia Hospital, Gurugram. The doctors attributed the rise to the use of tobacco, chewing betel nuts, or smoke, accounting for 80-90 per cent of cases. Other contributing factors include excessive alcohol consumption, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, weakened immune system, poor nutrition, excess body weight, and excessive sun exposure. “This highlights the pressing need for awareness campaigns and preventive measures to curb the rising prevalence of oral cancer, particularly among the younger population, and to address the root causes,” Dr. Sowrabh said. The doctors also advised to be vigilant of symptoms to help in crucial early detection and better outcomes. “Recognising the symptoms of oral cancer is crucial for early detection and intervention. These include persistent mouth ulcers, red or white patches, intraoral swelling or lumps, difficulty in swallowing, hoarseness of voice, neck or throat swelling, and unexplained weight loss,” Dr Mohit told IANS. He also called for prevention strategies such as abstaining from tobacco, and alcohol, practising safe sex to minimise HPV exposure, using sunscreen to protect against sun damage, and undergoing regular oral screenings for early detection. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

16 April,2024 03:21 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Breast cancer to cause a million deaths a year by 2040: Study

Breast cancer is now the world's most common carcinogenic disease with the ailment likely to cause a million deaths a year by 2040, according to a new Lancet Commission on breast cancer. Around 7.8 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer in the last five years until 2020 and about 685,000 women died from the disease the same year, it said. Further, in 2020, women around the world on average had a 1 in 12 risk of being diagnosed with breast cancer before turning 75 years old, and this incidence is rising, researchers found. They estimated that cases of breast cancer cases will increase from 2.3 million in 2020 to more than 3 million by 2040, with low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) being "disproportionately affected". By 2040, deaths due to the disease will be a million a year, the team added. "This is neither acceptable nor inevitable as action now can prevent many of these future cancers," the authors wrote. Knowledge gaps, such as unknown numbers of women with metastatic breast cancer in which the cancer spreads to other parts, continue to prevent effective action, they said. The scale of suffering associated with breast cancer, along with other costs, are not well-measured, with the society and policymakers only seeing the "tip of an iceberg," the authors of the commission said. "Recent improvements in breast cancer survival represent a great success of modern medicine," said the commission's lead author, Charlotte Coles, University of Cambridge, UK, referring to 40 per cent reduced deaths due to the disease achieved in some high-income countries (HICs)."However, we can't ignore how many patients are being systematically left behind," said Coles. The commission builds on previous evidence, presents new data, and integrates patient voices to shed light on a large unseen burden, according to the authors.It points to "glaring inequities" and suffering from symptoms, despair and financial burden due to breast cancer, which are often "hidden and inadequately addressed". Also Read: Breast cancer survivor: ‘I knew this was going to be malignant because of its shape’ Laying out recommendations for tackling these challenges in breast cancer, the commission suggested better communication between patients and health professionals as a crucial intervention that could improve quality of life, body image, and adherence to therapy, and positively impact survival."Women's fundamental human rights have historically been accorded lesser respect than men's in all settings, with implications for patient agency and autonomy," said Reshma Jagsi, Emory University School of Medicine, US. "Every healthcare professional should receive some form of communication skills training. Improving the quality of communication between patients and health professionals, though seemingly simple, could have profound positive impacts that extend far beyond the specific setting of breast cancer management," Jagsi said. "Patients should be encouraged to exercise their voices, choosing their level of involvement in care decisions," she added.The commission also advocated for developing new tools and metrics that can capture the costs associated with breast cancer, including physical, psychological, social, along with financial costs. "Global data are essential to expose and better understand and address the multiplicity of needs of all people affected by breast cancer and significantly reduce the global burden of preventable suffering," said author Carlos Barrios, Oncology Research Center, Hospital São Lucas, Brazil. In countries lacking affordable health care facilities, patients experience these costs more commonly and intensely, too often leading to catastrophic spending and impoverishment, said Barrios. The 40 per cent reduction in deaths from breast cancer seen in HICs has not been achieved in most LMICs, where advanced stages at diagnosis and low diagnostic and treatment capacities contribute to poorer breast cancer survival rates, the authors said. Also Read: Understanding the surge and solutions for breast cancer cases among India's youth While these survival rates exceed 90 per cent in HICs, the rates are 66 per cent in India and 40 per cent in South Africa, they said.The authors also found that every country successful in improving breast cancer survival rates between 1990 and 2020 has the ability to diagnose at least 60 per cent of invasive breast cancers at stages and thus, argued for improved early detection programs. The authors further called for "bold policy changes" that can reduce the population exposed to risk factors in their control such as alcohol consumption, being overweight and physical activity. Up to one-quarter of breast cancer in HICs could be prevented by modifying risk factors for breast cancer, they said."We hope that, by highlighting these inequities and hidden costs and suffering in breast cancer, they can be better recognised and addressed by health care professionals and policymakers in partnership with patients and the public around the world," said Coles. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

16 April,2024 02:59 PM IST | New Delhi | PTI
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‘Remove Bournvita from 'health drinks' category’: Govt directs e-commerce firms

We have all grown up sipping on chocolatey ‘health drinks’ daily. Mothers and grandmothers would be relieved watching us gulp down a glass of milk, even if it meant adding one to two spoons of chocolate powder. Little did we know, these ‘health drinks’ would no longer be considered healthy. Recently, the government ordered e-commerce firms to remove Bournvita and other similar beverages from the ‘health drink’ category.  In a statement, The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) said that the term ‘‘health drink’ is not defined under the FSS Act 2006, rules and regulations as submitted by FSSAl and Mondelez Mondelez India Food Pvt Ltd. Following this, The Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued a letter to e-commerce platforms asking them to remove all drinks and beverages, including Bournvita, from the ‘healthy drinks’ category In a notification dated April 10, the ministry stated that, the “National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), a statutory body constituted under Section (3) of the Commission of Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005 after its inquiry under Section 14 of CRPC Act 2005 concluded that there is no 'health drink' defined under FSS Act 2006, rules and regulations submitted by FSSAI and Mondelez India Food Pvt Ltd.”  Earlier this month, on April 2, food safety standards regulator FSSAI had also asked all e-commerce food business operators (FBOs) to appropriately categorise food products sold on their websites. In its instruction, the government body stated that the companies must not put dairy, cereal, or malt-based beverages under the ‘health drink’ or ‘energy drink’ categories.   Clarifying this decision,  the FSSAI mentioned that the term ‘health drink’ is not defined within the food laws in India, while ‘energy drinks’ are merely water-based flavoured beverages. Additionally, the body also stressed that the incorrect use of terminology could mislead customers and thus instructed e-commerce websites to either remove or correct the advertisements for overall consumer safety.   Bournvita has been in the news for its health aspect for over a year now, especially after influencer Revant Himatsingka posted a video on his Instagram account. In the video, he spoke large about the ingredients used to make this drink highlighting the high sugar content in the product.   Following this, Mondelez India which owns Bournvita sent a legal notice to Himatsingka demanding him to delete the video and issue an official apology, which he did.  With inputs from Agencies.   Also Read: EXCLUSIVE: ‘Longer the life of a food product, the sooner your expiry date: Revant Himatsingka aka Food Pharmer This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

15 April,2024 04:42 PM IST | Mumbai | mid-day online correspondent
The initiative boosts the United National Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-3), which calls for health and well-being for all

IIT Madras launches India’s 1st mobile medical devices calibration facility

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras on Monday launched India’s first medical devices calibration facility on wheels. Calibration is key for life-saving medical devices as it will help check the accuracy of medical instruments for precise disease diagnosis, which will lead to improved treatments. Irrespective of geographical locations across the country, the new mobile facility will ensure quality healthcare. This will also help test and maintain medical devices that are used in a wide range of hospitals including those in remote villages. “Proper diagnosis and treatment are extremely important and for that, the medical devices need to be calibrated accurately and frequently,” said Prof. V. Kamakoti, Director, IIT Madras. The initiative boosts the United National Sustainable Development Goal (SDG-3), which calls for health and well-being for all. The infrastructure in the mobile unit includes state-of-the-art equipment that will test the safety of medical devices as per international standards. “With the escalating cost for calibration, this effort not only reduces the cost of calibration but also the transportation cost and time required. This is a progressive step towards affordable, scalable, quality health care for all,” Prof. Kamakoti said. Also Read: Why is India’s fertility rate declining   This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

15 April,2024 04:31 PM IST | Mumbai | IANS
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Using marijuana to treat nausea may worsen health of mother and baby: Study

Taking marijuana for the treatment of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy may cause brain problems in newborns as well as worsen the mother’s health, according to a study on Monday. About 70 per cent of pregnancies experience morning sickness in pregnancy, known medically as hyperemesis gravidarum, and characterised by nausea and vomiting. In severe cases, it can prevent pregnant women from eating and drinking properly, leading to weight loss and dehydration. However, resorting to cannabis may be harmful to the health of both the mother and child, according to a review of studies published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). “Use of cannabis in pregnancy has been associated with adverse neurocognitive outcomes in offspring, as well as other adverse pregnancy outcomes. Therefore, we advise against the use of cannabis in pregnancy,” said Dr Larissa Jansen, Amsterdam Reproduction and Development Research Institute, Erasmus MC, Netherlands. To date, the cause of morning sickness is not completely understood. Yet pregnancy at a young age, a female foetus, multiple or molar pregnancies, underlying medical conditions, and a history of the condition during previous pregnancies are some known risk factors. “Hyperemesis gravidarum can have detrimental effects on maternal quality of life and may lead to short and long-term adverse outcomes among offspring,” said Dr Larissa. “Management of hyperemesis gravidarum requires considerable healthcare resources, as it is a common reason for hospital admission and emergency department visits in the first trimester,” she added. Anti-nausea drugs and home remedies such as ginger products may help alleviate mild nausea and vomiting for some people, but the evidence of its effectiveness in people with hyperemesis gravidarum is uncertain, the team said, calling for more research.  This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

15 April,2024 02:14 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Mid-Day Premium Why is India’s fertility rate declining

Total fertility rates (TFR) — the average number of children born per woman — has been falling across the globe. A Lancet study estimates, “By 2100, the estimated fertility rates will be below the replacement level in more than 95 per cent of the world’s countries and territories but disparities in rates will remain.” What this means is that global population is set to fall than current levels.  Researchers have raised concerns regarding India’s falling total fertility rate, which has been declining for decades now. The country’s fertility rate has reduced from 6.2 in 1950 to less than 2 in 2024, and is set to drop to 1.29 in 2050. It is important to note that in 2021, India’s fertility rate of 1.91 was below the required replacement fertility level of 2.1. We asked Dr Nandita Palshetkar, obstetrician, gynecologist, director of Bloom IVF India, and President of IVF Society of India (ISAR) to help us understand some of the reasons behind this, the impact of lifestyle choices, and ways to optimise fertility.  Factors contributing to the significant decrease in fertility rate 1.    One of the main drivers of low fertility rates is economic progress. When countries such as India undergo rapid economic development, families opt for smaller sizes. An improved healthcare infrastructure along with reduced child mortality rates contributes to this trend because parents become more confident about their children’s survival chances. The necessity of having a big family decrease hence reducing the Total Fertility Rate. 2.    The other major factor that determines trends in fertility is women’s education and empowerment. As women gain access to education and opportunities for personal and professional development, they increasingly prioritise their own aspirations and well-being. Delayed marriage and childbearing, coupled with greater autonomy regarding reproductive decision-making result into smaller family sizes. 3.    More so, the availability and access to family planning methods has really influenced how people decide on how many children they want to have or not. Couples can use contraceptives or even visit family planning clinics whenever they think it is necessary. By allowing individuals to control their own fertility, family planning programmes have contributed greatly towards these declining rates of fertility observed today.  Also Read: Death by suicide after 1st period: Why menstruation education is important Understanding the influence of lifestyle choices The fertility outcomes are heavily influenced by diet and lifestyle choices especially in the context of India where its culture is diverse and dietary habits differ much among different cultural groups. For instance, a healthy lifestyle is essential because factors such as stress, smoking, and environmental pollution have a significant impact on reproductive health. Some Indian women experience difficulties such as premature ovarian failure that directly affects their chances of conceiving. Similarly, there are issues like low sperm count and poor sperm motility that many men face, further complicating the fertility landscape.  Furthermore, abnormal dietary patterns may hinder ovulation causing menstrual cycle irregularities thus escalating challenges of infertility. Thus, there is need for adequate nutrition and regular physical exercise for fertility optimisation. By changing unhealthy eating habits into good ones plus integrating physical exercises into daily routine people can overcome adverse impacts of lifestyles upon reproductive health which result in improved prospects of conception plus a successful pregnancy.  Essentially, there are several lifestyle factors such as obesity, smoking or excessive drinking of alcohol that have been found to significantly affect fertility rates. By engaging into healthier lifestyles and reducing smoking, moderating on drinking habits, people can minimise these threats consequently improving on the possibilities of improved fertility.  Also Read: ‘Drafting a living will safeguards your right to live and die with dignity’ The role of weight in reproductive health Both men and women experience significant reproduction difficulties caused by obesity. In addition, excessive weight alters hormone balance thereby causing irregular periods and ovulation problems for women. Additionally, obesity increases the risk of conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which can further impair fertility.  Due to the tobacco’s harmful substances, smoking is detrimental to reproductive health in males and females alike. Smoking reduces the quality of sperms thus reducing fertility in men. Likewise smoking impairs egg quality which hinders conception in women.  Consuming alcohol excessively has adverse effects on both male and female fertility. It disrupts sperm production and impairs sperm quality hence alcohol can interfere with these processes in males. Also, alcohol can cause hormonal imbalances that result in irregular menstrual cycles and reduced fertility rates among females. Moderation is key to alleviating the adverse effects of alcohol on reproductive health.  The relationship between stress and infertility Stress plays a major role in fertility due to the challenges of contemporary way of life that are characterised by relentless working hours and emotional stress. The disrupted balance of hormones caused by chronic stress affects the process of reproductive system leading to irregular period and ovulation in women. This may lead to reduced chances of successfully conceiving and longer waiting periods before getting pregnant.  Managing stress for reproductive health becomes an important aspect in developing countries where there is urbanisation and fast-paced life. In terms of coping with stress effectively, different relaxation techniques can be applied. Yoga, meditation, mindfulness and deep breathing exercises are helpful in relieving stress and improving mood. Thus, individuals can reduce negative effects of stress by relaxation techniques integrated into their everyday lives.  Furthermore, prioritising mental wellbeing along with physical fitness is vital in order to optimise fertility outcomes. Developing ways of managing anxiety like hobbies participation, spending time with loved ones or seeking professional help when needed, assists in creating a healthier environment for reproduction. Therefore, addressing stress as well as self-care enhances fertility potential and increases the chances of conception.   Also Read: Doctors urge consideration of homoeopathic treatments for chronic and lifestyle diseases, here’s why Conclusion Couples planning to get pregnant are encouraged to optimise fertility through lifestyle changes and dietary interventions. Proper nutrition is the first step toward achieving reproductive health. Regular physical activity also is an equally important foundation of fertility. It not only helps in weight maintenance but also enhances general metabolic function as well as blood flow. Exercise induces a release of endorphins into the body system and helps in lowering stress levels and promoting emotional wellbeing thereby encouraging fertility.  Men’s sperms and women’s eggs are affected negatively by tobacco while alcohol consumption can disrupt hormonal regulation and impair fertility. Chronic stress can upset hormone balance disrupting menstrual periods making conception difficult. Managing stress requires engaging in relaxation techniques, getting enough sleep and seeking support when needed so that body can create an atmosphere conducive to conceiving. In summary, proper nutrition, mental health considerations as well as exercise and avoiding harmful habits form the basis for fertility improvement.  Disclaimer: This information does not replace professional medical advice. Consult a qualified specialist or your physician for personalised guidance.

15 April,2024 10:02 AM IST | Mumbai | Maitrai Agarwal
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Mid-Day Premium Cleansers to sunscreens: Essential summer skincare tips for healthy skin

The first thought that pops up after coming across terms like ‘summer skincare’ or ‘winter skincare’ is that the process is bound to be lengthy and complex. While that might be true, you can simplify and customise your skincare regime. Complex or not, having a skincare routine in place is essential, especially during the summer season.   The hot and humid climate triggers multiple skin issues that range from acne, sweat-induced rashes, sunburns, tans and fungal infections. These conditions can exacerbate if not treated in time.  Dr Trishna Gupte, clinical cosmetologist and trichologist, founder, The Cosmo-Square Clinic, ISCA tells Mid-day.com, “It's critical to understand that the summer poses special skincare problems because of increased UV exposure, rising temperatures, and higher humidity. Consequently, it's essential to modify one's skincare regimen to shield the skin from damaging UV radiation, avoid sunburns, and reduce the chance of skin damage and early ageing.”  Agreeing with this, Dr Shefali Trasi Nerurkar, consultant dermatologist, Dr Trasi clinic and La Piel Skin Clinic adds, “A summer skincare is similar to winter skincare. A cleanser-moisturiser-sunscreen and night serum are the common steps involved in skincare for any season. However, the ingredients change with the skin type and the weather around.”  “In winter, one is constantly trying to hydrate the skin to prevent any dryness or cracks on the skin. While in summer, we prevent the skin from getting oily.”  Switching from winter to summer skincare“Spring is a transitional period between winter and summer months. This is a good time to start changing the skincare routine from winter to summer. In India, February is the month when this transition happens; especially in the last two weeks,” Nerurkar tells us.  According to Dinyar Workingboxwalla, skin guru and co-founder, Beauty by Bie, there is no specific month to make the switch. “Instead, keep an eye on the weather. Ideally, you want to start transitioning your routine when spring arrives, typically around March or April. This allows your skin to gradually adjust to the changing climate.”  He adds, “Spring can be unpredictable, with occasional chilly days mixed in with warmer spells.  A lighter routine during this time helps your skin adapt without feeling overly stripped on cooler days.”  The skin guru suggests swapping out your products to make a gradual switch: Cleansing:  Ditch the heavy cream cleansers you use in winter. Opt for a double cleanse routine that includes a lightweight, oil-based cleanser to remove sunscreen and makeup buildup, followed by a gentle water-based cleanser to remove any remaining impurities. Moisturising: Bid farewell to thick creams. Embrace lightweight lotions, gel-based formulas, or even oil-free moisturisers with hyaluronic acid for deep hydration without the greasiness. Exfoliation: Summer is a great time to incorporate gentle exfoliation (one or two times a week) to remove dead skin cells and reveal a brighter complexion. Chemical exfoliants like AHAs or BHAs work well, but for sensitive skin, opt for a gentle physical scrub. Sunscreen: This one's a no-brainer. Start using a broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher sunscreen every single day, rain or shine. Look for lightweight, non-comedogenic formulas that won't clog pores. Common skin issues to look out for Gupte states sunburn, heat rash, breakouts of acne, and increased oiliness are common skin conditions in India during the summer months. “Sweat and increased oil production from the skin can cause acne outbreaks and other issues due to clogged pores and accumulated dirt.” Similarly, according to Nerurkar, folliculitis and other bacterial infections, fungal infections like tinea, pityriasis versicolor, miliaria, and sun allergy are some of the other common skin problems faced during the summer season.  Step-by-step summer skincare guideWorkingboxwalla shares a detailed guide that you can follow to keep your skin fresh throughout the hot and humid weather.  Step 1: Double cleanseAs the temperatures rise, so does our skin's propensity to produce excess oil and sweat. A thorough double cleanse becomes paramount to rid the skin of impurities accumulated throughout the day. Begin with an oil-based cleanser to dissolve sunscreen, makeup, and pollutants, followed by a gentle water-based cleanser to purify the skin without stripping its natural oils. Step 2: Mask (once or twice a week)Once or twice a week, treat your skin with a clay mask to draw out impurities and keep the oil in check. Opt for a hydrating mask if you have dry skin – a boost of moisture will keep it plump and balanced. Step 3: HydrateDon't be fooled by the heat – summer is not an excuse to skip moisturiser. Summer skincare is all about lightweight moisturisers that deliver deep hydration without a greasy finish. Look for formulas packed with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, or aloe vera to keep your skin dewy and fresh all day long. Step 4: Eye treatmentThe delicate under-eye area deserves special attention, especially in summer. Swap your rich eye creams for a lightweight, cooling eye gel. Ingredients like cucumber extract or caffeine can help reduce puffiness and dark circles, keeping your peepers bright and refreshed. Step 5: Sun protectionNo matter the season, sunscreen is non-negotiable. In summer, however, it's even more crucial. Opt for a broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher that's lightweight and non-comedogenic (meaning it won't clog your pores). Reapply religiously every two hours, and even more frequently if you're sweating or swimming. Bonus Tip: Embrace facial oilsA few drops of dry face oil can be a game-changer for summer skin. Look for oils like jojoba or squalane, which mimic your skin's natural oils and lock in moisture without feeling greasy. Using sunscreen the right wayDr Deepti Ghia, consultant, dermatology, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai tells Mid-day, “When transitioning to summer skincare, one must start using sunscreen with low SPF and gradually move to a higher one.”  “For Indian summers SPF 40 and more with broad spectrum coverage is needed. If you are inside the house, apply sunscreen twice during a day.”  Commenting on the harmful effects of UV rays on the skin, Ghia says, “UV exposure is intense from 10 am to 2 pm. So make your schedule of sunscreen application accordingly. If you are out in the sun, you must apply sunscreen from 7 am to 6 pm every 3 hours.”  “For those swimming, using a waterproof sunscreen is recommended. If you are not exposed to pollution and dirt, use sunscreen sticks for repeated protection. If you are exposed to sun, dust and pollution, ensure you rinse your face and then re-apply sunscreens.  To enhance the effectiveness of sunscreens, Ghia suggests adopting physical protection too, like wearing full-sleeved clothing, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses. She says, “All these add to the value of using sunscreens.”  Other sun protection tips she shares include: 1. Avoiding wearing tight jeans and synthetic material clothes. 2. Washing clothes regularly. 3. Staying well hydrated by consuming lots of refreshing and healthy fluids.4. Masking yourself while out in the pollution and cleaning yourself properly once you are back. 5. Eating healthy foods and maintaining a balanced diet free from excessive greasy and spicy foods.  Home remedies for skin ailments in summer Although skincare products come in handy and save a lot of time and effort, many prefer to go the natural way. Nerurkar states, “Soothing the skin with ice and aloe vera gel are some natural ways of treating sunburn or heat rash. Calamine lotion is also an important skincare one can use for a heat rash. Nowadays mists or thermal sprays containing micellar water or other soothing spring water can be used to cool the skin and protect it from skin rash.”  Gupte also shares some helpful remedies: Applying cool compresses to a sunburn might help relieve discomfort and inflammation by soaking a clean cloth in cold water or milk.  To reduce pain and encourage healing, aloe vera gel, which is well-known for its calming and anti-inflammatory qualities, can also be applied directly to the injured area.  Furthermore, colloidal oatmeal compresses or baths might help calm sensitive skin and lessen sunburn-related soreness.  The symptoms of heat rash can be lessened by taking cold baths or showers and dressing in loose, breathable fabrics like cotton.  Additionally, applying cucumber slices or a paste consisting of sandalwood powder and rose water to the affected areas might help reduce the swelling and itching brought on by heat rash.  However, if symptoms increase or persist, you should definitely see a doctor. For a generic natural summer skincare routine, Workingboxwalla shares recipes of face packs to make and apply at home.   Watermelon Sorbet (for the skin)This face pack is a perfect toner for your skin during the summer months. Watermelon and cucumber act as summer essentials that help calm and soothe the redness and irritation caused by the extreme heat conditions.  Ingredients: Watermelon juice - 2 tbspCucumber juice - 2 tbspMilk powder - 1 tspYoghurt - 1 tbsp Method: 1. Take watermelon juice and cucumber juice, mix them with milk powder and yogurt.2. Once a thick paste is ready, apply it on the face with an applicator. 3. Keep it on your face and neck for 15 minutes.4. Rinse off with lukewarm water.  Tropical Paradise (Mango-based face pack) This face mask helps fight the free radicals and heal the sun-damaged skin from the UV rays.  Ingredients: Fresh mango pulp - 2 tbspTurmeric - a pinchYoghurt - 1 tbspHoney - 1 tspSandalwood powder - 1 tsp Method: 1. Take mango pulp and mix sandalwood powder honey. 2. Add a pinch of turmeric powder blended with yoghurt. 3. Now mix all the ingredients in a bowl.4. Apply the paste on the face and neck and keep it for 20 minutes. 5. Rinse with lukewarm water.  Common skincare mistakes to avoid 1. Skipping sunscreen: This can result in sunburns and long-term damage to the skin; dehydration, which can cause dry, dull skin and aggravate pre-existing conditions.  2. Over-exfoliation: While exfoliation can help remove dead skin cells and promote healthy skin cell turnover, overdoing it can strip away natural oils and irritate your skin, especially in the summer sun. Stick to gentle exfoliation two-three times a week. 3. Using thick moisturisers: Doing so can clog pores and cause breakouts in hot weather. Opt for a lightweight, oil-free moisturiser to keep your skin hydrated without feeling greasy. 4. Forgetting to hydrate from within: Drinking plenty of water is crucial for overall health and skin health. Aim for eight glasses of water a day to keep your skin plump and glowing. 5. Wearing heavy makeup: Opt for lightweight, mineral-based makeup in the summer to avoid clogging pores and cakey look. 6. Not cleansing thoroughly: Sweat, oil, and makeup can build up on your skin throughout the day. Ensure you double-cleanse your face thoroughly to remove impurities and prevent breakouts. Disclaimer: This information does not replace professional medical advice. Consult a qualified specialist or your physician for personalised guidance.

14 April,2024 01:04 PM IST | Mumbai | Aakanksha Ahire
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Why are young adults at high risk of irritable bowel syndrome?

Young adults with increased stress in their lives, and who live a sedentary lifestyle with no exercise and also eat a poor diet may be at high risk of developing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to health experts on Sunday. IBS is a common disorder that affects the stomach and intestines, leading to abdominal cramping, diarrhoea, constipation, bloating, and gas. While there are no specific causes of IBS, it may be related to an overly sensitive colon or immune system, said health experts. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a form of gastrointestinal disorder. It is most commonly reported among young people in the age group of 20-40 due to increased stress, sedentary lifestyle, and poor dietary choices," Bir Singh Sehrawat, Director and HOD-Gastroenterology, Marengo Asia Hospitals, Faridabad, told IANS. Also Read: Exploring the gut-mind relationship and its impact on mental health The young are more at risk as consumption of fast food that is spicy, oily, and also contains added sugars, salts, fats, and artificial ingredients; and intake of aerated drinks are high among the young generation. These food items not only lack nutrition but also can impact the balance of gut bacteria triggering IBS symptoms. Further, excessive mental stress can create hormonal disturbances which may have an impact on digestion. Anxiety also changes the regulation of blood and oxygen throughout the body which impacts the stomach causing diarrhoea, constipation, gas, or discomfort. These factors are leading "to a rise in cases of IBS in India", Manish Kak, Consultant Gastroenterology, Manipal Hospital, Ghaziabad, told IANS. Also Read: Doctors urge consideration of homoeopathic treatments for chronic and lifestyle diseases, here’s why He explained that although IBS does not damage the digestive tract nor does it increase the risk of colon cancer, it can be a long-lasting problem that changes daily routine. To reduce the risk of IBS, one must adopt a fibre-rich diet, refrain from alcohol use, do regular exercise, and manage stress through yoga and meditation. However, the doctors warned not to overlook the symptoms of IBS such as bloating, constipation, diarrhoea, excessive strain when passing a stool, repeated belching, abdominal pain, or cramps, particularly with bowel movements. "On experiencing these symptoms, consult a gastroenterologist. If left untreated, IBS can hit the colon, or large bowel, which is the part of the digestive tract that stores stool," Bir said. Also Read: ‘Drafting a living will safeguards your right to live and die with dignity’ This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

14 April,2024 12:22 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Animals passing deadly bacteria to humans: Study

Animals play a role in the spread of deadly bacteria, a new study has revealed. The study presented by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) found evidence of 'multidrug-resistant' bacteria being passed between sick cats and dogs and their healthy owners in Portugal and the UK. This raised concerns that pets can act as reservoirs of resistance and thus aid in the spread of resistance to essential medicines, the researchers noted. "Understanding and addressing the transmission of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) bacteria from pets to humans is essential for effectively combating AMR in both human and animal populations," said lead researcher Juliana Menezes from the University of Lisbon, Portugal. According to the researchers, drug-resistant infections kill over 1.2 million people a year worldwide, with the figure projected to grow to 10 million by 2050 if no action is taken. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest public health threats facing humanity. A team of researchers tested faecal and urine samples and skin swabs from dogs and cats and their owners for Enterobacterales (a large family of bacteria which includes E. coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) resistant to common antibiotics, the study said. The study involved five cats, 38 dogs, and 78 humans from 43 households in Portugal and 22 dogs and 56 humans from 22 households in the UK. The researchers discovered that bacteria can be transmitted between pets and humans by petting, touching, or kissing and through the handling of faeces. To prevent transmission, the researchers suggested pet owners practice good hygiene, including washing their hands after petting their dog or cat and after handling their waste. Menezes advised pet owners to consider isolating pets in one room when they are unwell, in order to "prevent the spread of bacteria throughout the house and clean the other rooms thoroughly". This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

14 April,2024 10:53 AM IST | London | IANS
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Mid-Day Premium Do this to make the most of your intermittent fast

Beyond fasting restrictions, it's time to delve into supplements that can be consumed to promote functional energy and aid weight loss. Before we dive into the realm of food supplements, let's decode the mechanisms of fasting.   Mumbai-based dietician Manisha Patil tells Midday that during an intermittent fast – the body undergoes a series of metabolic and hormonal changes to adapt to the fasting state. Initially, as glucose levels decline after the last meal, the body shifts from using glucose as its primary energy source to breaking down glycogen stored in the liver and muscles.   “Once glycogen reserves are depleted, typically after 8-12 hours, the body enters a state of ketosis, where it begins to burn stored fat for energy, producing ketones as a byproduct. This metabolic shift is accompanied by changes in hormone levels, including increased release of norepinephrine and growth hormone, which promote fat breakdown and muscle preservation,” reveals Patil.   Additionally, insulin levels decrease, allowing for better insulin sensitivity and improved blood sugar regulation. Over time, intermittent fasting has been associated with various health benefits, including weight loss and improved metabolic health. So, the question arises – what should one eat while partaking in an intermittent fast?  Also Read: Celebrity nutritionist Rujuta Diwekar reveals dietary tips for 360-degree fitness goals Foods to sustain energy levels during intermittent fasting: It's crucial to consume nutrient-dense foods to sustain energy levels during intermittent fasting, shares the Gurugram-based dietician Yashika Dua from Artemis Lite 82A. To maintain energy and ensure overall health during intermittent fasting, consider consuming:   Lean proteins: chicken, turkey, fish, tofu and legumes (which provide amino acids for muscle repair and satiety) Leafy greens: spinach, kale and Swiss chard (which are rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants) Whole grains: quinoa, brown rice and oats (which provide complex carbohydrates for sustained energy release) Healthy fats: avocados, nuts, seeds and olive oil (which support brain health and help keep you feeling full)  Fruits: berries, apples and oranges (which provide natural sugars for energy and are packed with vitamins and fibre)   Apart from this, stay hydrated by drinking sufficient water and consider eating electrolyte-rich foods like bananas, sweet potatoes and coconut water to maintain electrolyte balance during fasting periods.   Don’t miss: Essential nutrients Essential supplements like B-complex, Magnesium, Vitamin D and Zinc help always support the body against all kinds of stressors and including fasting, remarks functional nutritionist Mugdha Pradhan, who is also the founder of Pune-based health and wellness platform: iThrive.   It’s also important to take water with electrolytes during the fasting window to prevent dehydration. Taking Co-enzyme Q10 can help sustain your energy levels when fasting.   According to Pradhan, a low-carb diet with ample amounts of healthy fats like ghee and coconut oil and minimal carbohydrates helps to sustain energy levels and keep blood sugar stable when fasting. Also Read: Keep it simple: How to plan your daily diet amid a hectic work schedule  Upon breaking a fast When breaking a fast, it's important to choose foods that provide a balanced combination of macronutrients and micronutrients to nourish your body. Consider starting with a protein-rich option like grilled chicken breast, salmon, tofu or eggs. Protein helps in satisfying hunger and supports muscle repair and growth.   Incorporate healthy fats into your meal like avocado slices, nuts, seeds and olive oil drizzled over salads or vegetables to help keep you feeling satisfied and provide essential fatty acids. Additionally, include complex carbohydrates to replenish energy stores and provide sustained energy.   Opt for whole grains like quinoa, brown rice or whole grain bread, as well as starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes or butternut squash. Eat fibre-rich foods and keep yourself hydrated by drinking sufficient water and consuming foods with high water content.   Fasting during Chaitra Navratri It is also very important to prioritise getting adequate protein and essential nutrients during your eating window. Pasture-raised animal foods are the best source for these but Navratri fasts don’t allow for non-vegetarian food. Hence, supplementation becomes necessary.   “The ‘fasting’ that is practiced during Chaitra Navratri and in a lot of other Hindu rituals is not technically fasting,” informs Pradhan. Because they allow eating fruits, milk and a lot of other carbohydrates like Sabudana. Often apart from non-vegetarian food and a few other foods like onion and garlic, everything else is allowed and it’s still termed fasting. But that is just restricted eating.   Therefore, the normal health challenges and phenomena associated with fasting don’t apply in these cases. A good essential amino acid supplement helps support your protein needs while being fully vegan and dairy-free.   Dietary recommendations for diabetic individuals Pradhan recounts that a low-carb diet with ample amounts of healthy fats like ghee and coconut oil and minimal carbohydrates helps to sustain energy levels and keep blood sugar stable when fasting. This is all the more important for diabetics. They need to be very careful about avoiding sugar and refined carbohydrates.   Including cinnamon in one’s meal while breaking a fast help to reduce the sugar spike. Berberine, ALA, chromium, jamun, and bitter herbs like Neem are also great natural options for managing blood sugar levels.   Managing acidity on a fast If you’re experiencing acidity when fasting that is a sign of an underlying gut problem, usually an H. Pylori or other infection that is just becoming more prominent with the fasting. Fasting is supposed to rest your gut and digestive system and if you don’t have underlying gut issues you won’t experience any symptoms when fasting. Pradhan suggests reaching out to a reputed functional medicine practitioner and get tested to discover the root cause of your acidity and address it.   While solving the issue from its roots could take a while, for short-term management try to minimise stress and break your fast with small meals. Aloe vera juice can be helpful to soothe the burning.   Supplements for muscle maintenance and repair To ensure you're getting enough protein during intermittent fasting to support muscle maintenance and repair, focus on eating protein-rich foods like lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, tofu, tempeh, legumes and protein-rich vegetables like spinach and broccoli, informs Dua.   Furthermore, include animal-based proteins in your diet like meat, fish, eggs, and dairy, as well as plant-based sources like quinoa, soy, and buckwheat. If needed, consider consuming protein supplements like whey protein, casein protein, pea protein or hemp protein into your diet to help meet your protein needs, especially if you struggle to consume enough protein through whole foods alone.   Lastly, pay attention to your portion sizes to ensure that you're consuming a sufficient amount of protein without overeating. Also Read: You can’t ‘out-exercise’ a bad diet: Celebrity fitness trainer Namrata Purohit dishes out fitness tips that actually workSpecific foods that minimise hunger Dua informs that certain foods and food combinations can help in minimising hunger and cravings during intermittent fasting. Incorporating protein-rich foods like lean meats, fish, eggs, tofu and legumes into your meals can promote feelings of fullness and reduce hunger. Consuming foods with high fibre content like vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes, can help in controlling appetite and promote satiety, keeping you feeling full for longer periods.   Including healthy fats in your diet from sources like avocados, nuts, seeds and olive oil in your meals can help in slowing down digestion and promote feelings of fullness. Including complex carbohydrates like whole grains, sweet potatoes and oats can provide sustained energy and help prevent blood sugar fluctuations that can trigger cravings.   Lastly, staying hydrated by drinking water throughout the day and consuming herbal teas or black coffee can also help curb hunger and cravings during fasting periods. 

14 April,2024 08:27 AM IST | Mumbai | Ainie Rizvi
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Remove Bournvita from category of ‘health drinks’: Govt tells e-commerce firms

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has issued an advisory to the e-commerce companies, directing them to remove all drinks and beverages including Bournvita from the category of ‘health drinks’, on their portal and platforms. “National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), a statutory body constituted under Section (3) of the Commission of Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005 after its inquiry under Section 14 of CRPC Act 2005 concluded that there is no ‘health drink’ defined under FSS Act 2006, rules and regulations submitted by FSSAI and Mondelez India Food Pvt Ltd,” the ministry said in a notification, dated April 10. The advisory comes on the back of an investigation by the NCPCR that found the Bournvita contains sugar levels, much above the acceptable limits. Earlier, the NCPCR had called upon the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) to initiate action against the companies that failed to meet safety standards and guidelines and were projecting power supplements as ‘health drinks’. Notably, as per the regulatory body, ‘health drink’ has not been defined in the country’s food laws and to project something under the same violates the rules. The FSSAI, earlier this month, also instructed e-commerce portals against labelling diary-based or malt-based beverages as ‘health drinks’. The controversy over the ‘unhealthy’ nature of Bournvita first arose after a YouTuber in his video slammed the powder supplement and informed that it contained excessive sugar, cocoa solids and harmful colourants that could lead to serious health hazards in children, including cancer. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

13 April,2024 04:20 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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