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Follow these 8 tips to nail the 'no-makeup' look

If you haven't already noticed, a lot of women these days are opting for the 'no-makeup' look. It is simply one that has a minimal makeup look rather than the full-on makeup, and one that is becoming popular among younger people. There has been a sudden change in people's preferences, and no makeup is now the go-to option for both special occasions and everyday makeup routines. Indian brides have always favoured a full-glam bridal makeup appearance for the wedding. However, if current bridal makeup trends are to be taken into account, the "no makeup" makeup style is garnering the most attention. On their wedding day, brides effortlessly pull off their subtle, dewy complexion and flushed cheeks. Numerous famous brides have also chosen a natural makeup appearance for their wedding day. The same style is given many labels by various individuals. You may be familiar with the "clean" makeup style or have heard it referred to as a "natural" appearance. It doesn't matter; everyone wants a piece of the new, low-maintenance mindset that is pervasive and in vogue. Here are some pointers to help you create a flawless, natural, minimal makeup appearance. Hydrate, hydrate and hydrate: The 'no-makeup' makeup look is all about the healthy and natural look. Hence, you need to make sure your skin is thoroughly moisturised, looks bouncy, and doesn't have any dry patches before starting off with your makeup. The more hydrated and healthier your skin is, the better this makeup look will turn out to be. If your skin is not hydrated properly, it will make your makeup look cakey and dry. Drink water in proper quantity and apply a good amount of moisture that suits your skin. Follow a proper skin care process: Flawless makeup starts with a good skincare routine, and the same goes for no-makeup makeup. Hence to nail a no-makeup makeup look, you need to have a strong skincare routine. After you are done cleansing, toning, and moisturizing your skin, go in with a blurring primer to visibly reduce large pores and get a smooth and even base. Depending on your skin type, pick between a dewy or mattifying primer and give your skin a soft and smooth look. Double cleansing is a very ideal process. Having a good regimen will keep your skin looking healthy without needing to add too much makeup. Go easy on foundation: This part is all about personal preference. The key to perfecting a natural-looking makeup look is to have the least amount of coverage so that your real hydrated skin shines through. For a simple no-makeup makeup look, we recommend skipping the foundation. If you still want to add a light layer of face makeup, look for a no-makeup makeup foundation that has a sheer to light coverage and matches your undertone and skin tone correctly. Use cream-based or water-based formulas: Use cream-based or water-based formulas like cream based or water-based blush, highlighters, lip tints, cheek tint, eyeshadow, mascara etc. They are ideal to give you a natural finish, as they melt into your skin and sink right in, unlike powder formulations. This will make your makeup look more natural and effortless. Conceal correctly: Just like foundation, concealer isn't always critical for this look. If you want to cover up your dark spots or dark circles (letting them go uncovered is also absolutely fine), opt for a lightweight hydrating concealer and apply only where required. Try not to go overboard with it. The trick to a flawless no-makeup makeup is using a concealer to strategically cover up blemishes and brighten up your complexion. Blend it with your fingers for a natural effect. Brush up your brows: Do not ignore your eyebrows as they play a very important role in making your face look put together. Comb your brows, plug in some extra hair growth, fill them lightly and apply transparent mascara so that they stay in place for a long time. Shave your face before makeup: Shaving your face removes hair, debris, excess oil, and dead skin cells, which can brighten the look of skin. This helps makeup go on smoothly and last longer. This is the most underrated but most effective process that one can do to achieve flawless skin. Importance of a lightweight setting powder: Just like everything else, your makeup deserves a happy ending too. And for that, we have finishing powders. Having the best finishing powder for your skin tone is as crucial as having a foundation and concealer. Finish your look with dabbing a lightweight setting powder on the areas which are more likely to secrete more oil. Overall, using setting powder after your entire makeup is done to make it look natural. The goal of minimal makeup is to achieve a natural, carefree look that brings out your best characteristics. It is a classic design that is always in vogue. Focusing on enhancing rather than concealing your natural features is the secret to pulling off a minimal makeup appearance. It is a component of a larger movement that encourages self-assurance rather than hiding personal flaws. In general, newer generations are an independent group that values individuality and self-love. Because it supports the same philosophy, natural makeup styles have found favour with this group. It is easy to make, has a sophisticated appearance, uses few materials, and matches any ensemble. This makes it the go-to makeup style to apply both on and off-duty. (Anubha Vashisth, celebrity makeup artist and model and co-owner of Dreamz Production House)Also Read: Lakme Fashion Week 2023: Beauty experts share tips to ace Rhinestone eye make-up This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

20 March,2023 08:36 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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World Down Syndrome Day 2023: Everything you must know about it

The life of those with Down Syndrome has not been easy. Besides hampered physical and mental development, the kind of ill-treatment and discrimination they are subjected to just worsens life for them. They are often face challenges while accessing basic rights like education, quality health services or the right to earn. According to the United Nations, each year around five thousand children are born with Down Syndrome. On this day, the international agency invites all its member states as well as relevant international organisations to have an in-depth and fruitful conversation for building a better life for those with Down Syndrome. What is Down Syndrome?Down Syndrome is a genetic condition caused when anyone is born with an extra chromosome.  People with Down Syndrome have some common features like small ears, a flat nose, eyes slanted up at the outer corner, protruding tongue, short neck, small hands and feet, etc. Down Syndrome has no cure and is a lifelong condition. Nevertheless, there are treatments in place which, if received at the right time can help individuals live a meaningful life. HistoryEvery year World Down Syndrome Day is observed on March 21. The United Nation General Assembly declared March 21 World Down Syndrome Day in December 2011 and it began observing the day from 2012 onwards. The 21st day of the third month has been selected as the designated date because the syndrome occurs due to the triplication of the 21st chromosome. Theme in 2023The theme for World Down Syndrome Day 2023 is ‘With Us, Not For Us.’ The motive of this theme is to ditch the old charity model and adopt a more human rights-based approach. This theme encourages people to advocate for equality. It seeks to view people with disabilities as having the right to be treated fairly, instead of viewing them as objects of charity, pity, and someone who needs to constantly rely on others for support. Due to their condition, most of them may often face challenges in everyday life. This year’s theme urges people to change. Those with Down Syndrome must have the freedom to make their own choices and those supporting them must do things ‘with’ them, not ‘for’ them. Also Read: International Day of Happiness 2023: India ranks behind its neighbours in World Happiness Index

20 March,2023 07:45 PM IST | Mumbai | mid-day online correspondent
This World Oral Health Day 2023, let us become more aware of the importance of oral hygiene. Photo Courtesy: iStock

Seven tips for best oral hygiene: Dos and don’ts you must follow

Oral hygiene is something that is taught to us right from our school days. It is a crucial part of our overall hygiene. Brushing twice a day is the most common tip taught since childhood that most of us conveniently choose not to follow it. Throughout the day, we consume a lot of food items which gets stuck between our teeth. Besides, our face and mouth are the first points of contact with external elements like germs. Keeping your mouth unclean can lead to infections and other health concerns. So, taking care of our oral health becomes more important. Some common indicators of bad oral hygiene are: 1. Bad breath 2. Bleeding gums 3. Decay or cavity in tooth/teeth 4. Toothache 5. Mouth sores Here are the seven easiest oral health tips that you can adopt in your day-to-day life: 1. As mentioned earlier, you must brush twice a day, once after waking up and once before going to sleep. This helps in killing all the bacteria that may reside in your mouth. 2. Just as brushing is important, it is also important to clean your tongue. 3. Rinse your mouth after every meal you consume to avoid decaying teeth. Rinsing of the mouth also helps in keeping bad breath at bay. 4. Use toothpaste which contains fluoride as it helps counter tooth decay. 5. Floss daily after brushing. It does not just help in removing minuscule food particles from teeth gaps but also stimulates the gums and reduces plaque. 6. You must keep drinking water from time to time as it helps in washing out the taste pungent and acidic taste of the foods you consume. 7. Visit your dentist at least twice a year for cleanings and checkups. While practising these tips daily are important, it is equally important to avoid some foods that are the worst enemies of your oral health.  1. Carbonated drinks 2. Coffee 3. Cookies or any sugar-based food 4. Alcohol 5. Sour candies 6. Tobacco This World Oral Health Day 2023, let us become more aware of the importance of oral hygiene and take the correct steps to avoid the health concerns that are likely to arise due to poor oral health, in the future. Read More: How do genetic factors influence oral health

20 March,2023 06:18 PM IST | Mumbai | mid-day online correspondent
Every year, International Day of Happiness is celebrated on March 20. Image for representational purpose only. Photo Courtesy: istock

International Day of Happiness 2023: Being happy through mindfulness


International Day of Happiness is observed on March 20 every year across the globe. Established by the United Nations to outline the importance of happiness within our lives, the day also aims to highlight the significance of well-being. While happiness is fleeting and aspirational for most, certain practices, such as being mindful, can aid holistic well-being. On International Day of Happiness, we got a range of experts from JetSynthesys' to share actionable tips that can be adapted to enhance happiness in our everyday lives.   Ritu Gupta, life coach and neuro-linguistic programming therapist  Acceptance One of the most important tenets of living mindfully is acceptance, and it is not the same as tolerance but honouring individual differences. For eg: If you have a difference of opinion at work or home, what do you do? Lash out or stay silent? Practicing acceptance and thus mindfulness would mean, to agree, to disagree without losing control over your emotions. Responding mindfully would be like, communicating not what you dislike or disagree with but what you want or need, maintaining personal boundaries and mutual respect for self and others.  Responsibility The second most important tenet of living mindfully is responsibility. Often mistaken as taking others' load onto your shoulders, responsibility is about taking ownership of everything you do and being aware of the impact it would have on your physical-emotional being just as much as it would affect the environment around, people alike. For eg: You are upset with others’ actions, be it at home, on the road, at the workplace, or just watching the news on the television or social media. Practicing responsibility and thus mindfulness would mean, taking ownership of your role in that equation, if only you have one. You can only take responsibility for your doing and not for others (read misdoings).  Kindness Being kind to oneself and others is quintessential to staying authentic and thus living mindfully. For eg: You often judge people and feel judged most of the time. Is this your reality too? Practicing kindness and thus living mindfully, is to stay true to yourself. Being clear of your intention in doing everything you do, allowing yourself to feel how you feel and feeling it fully, and seeing other’s actions from a space of non-judgment helps one respond from the space of clarity and not react. It is ok to be angry. It is ok to be guilty. It is ok to be sad. You are human! Be one. And bring in a little more Love, each day. Living mindfully is simple. You would know when you are tired and stressed, drink water, and stay hydrated to allow the body to cool down. When you feel tired but not stressed, your body is seeking rest, so sleep. When you are not very tired, but stress is taking the best of you, find yourself a silent corner, journal or gently close your eyes and simply observe your thoughts. Allow them all to come up. Meditate. Your mind needs some decluttering to restore its balance.   Vidisha Kaushal, sound healing and life mastery expert   Practicing non-resistance and non-judgment to the present momentDon’t like where you are or who you are with? How about accepting what exists? How about telling yourself it is not in alignment with you instead of practicing criticism and judgement, once you stop resisting and judging, you are free to make a change in your situation. But without acceptance, we can fall into an endless pit of victimhood or the why me syndrome.  Check-in with your body The body is a storehouse of emotions, especially unprocessed ones. As often as you can, close your eyes and check how it feels inside the body. Instead of running away from unpleasant sensations, and thoughts, embrace them, give them love, and watch them eventually dissolve.  Spend some time in natureOften the mind oscillates between the past and the future. Nature organically disrupts the oscillating mind and transports us into the present moment and heals us at the same time. So lean against a tree or sit and watch the sky and notice how present you feel.   Nishtha Bijlani, yoga expert  Grounding This can be best done as soon as you wake up. Take the time to slowly rest your feet on the ground. Take slow and mindful steps around the house. Be aware of each step and the sensations on the soles of the feet. Enjoy the connection to the earth. Let it slow you down. Make sure to do so bare feet. This can also be practiced later in the day. The effect is heightened when done on grass, sand, or earth.    Mindful eating Growing up in an Indian household, we have always been corrected by our elders to chew our food slowly and not talk while eating. They were always teaching us to be mindful. Learning to savour your food without distractions has become a lost art. Make a small gratitude prayer before you start your meal. Take in all the colours and smells on your plate. Take each bite slowly without a rush. Stay connected to your food from the first touch to the last swallow. Watch how this positively impacts your digestion and your relationship with food.   Breath awareness  Breath is one thing we often take for granted. Most of it is an involuntary action of the body, hence, it is also easiest to ignore. But by simply being aware of your breath you can be in better control of your emotions and thoughts which as a result puts you in better control of your actions.    Allot 5 to 10 minutes in the day to sit in a comfortable position. Close your eyes and draw your attention to your nostrils. Be here to simply observe the breath moving in and out. Resist the urge to change the breath. Instead, simply observe. Also Read: International Day of Happiness 2023: India ranks behind its neighbours in World Happiness Index

20 March,2023 04:50 PM IST | Mumbai | Maitrai Agarwal
Every year, International Day of Happiness is celebrated on March 20. Image for representational purpose only. Photo Courtesy: istock

72 per cent of Indians confess to snacking more when they are happy: Report

Many of us consume food depending on our state of mind and that is reflected when we rely on comfort food when we are stressed but it is also apparently the other way around.  Calling for happiness to be given greater priority, ahead of International Day of Happiness, 'STTEM - Safety, Technology, Taste, Ease & Mood Uplifter' - The India Snacking Report (Volume I) by Godrej Yummiez, reveals that 72 per cent Indians confessed to snacking more when they are happy, highlighting how snacking is perceived as a mood uplifter. Amongst those who connect snacking with their mood, 70 per cent of Indians feel satisfied, happy, and excited after consuming snacks. When compared across regions, the report highlights that Eastern India showed the maximum skew with 75 per cent of its citizens snacking more when they are happy. North, West, and South India showed near similar levels of emotions scoring 72 per cent, 67 per cent, and 74 per cent respectively. The above findings get even more corroborated when looked at across cities. Amongst cities, people from Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, and Kolkata, snack more when they are happy. With Delhi topping the list at 81 per cent, followed by Chennai and Hyderabad at 77 per cent each, and Kolkata at 75 per cent, indicating that locals of these cities find snacks as mood uplifters. Besides, the average for Mumbai stood at 68 per cent, and the average for Ahmedabad residents opting for snacks when happy is 67 per cent. This is followed by Pune and Bengaluru at 66 per cent each, Lucknow at 62 percent, and Jaipur at 61 per cent. Another aspect that came up in the report was the food-mood connection in both genders, revealing that 74 per cent women and 70 per cent men snack more when they are happy. Abhay Parnerkar, chief executive officer (CEO), Godrej Tyson Foods Limited (GTFL), said, "As a category thought leader, Godrej Yummiez understands consumers well and shaped trends redefining the frozen ready-to-cook segment. The India Snacking Report is one such initiative by Godrej Yummiez to analyse and predict snacking trends. The report clearly showcases consumers perceive snacking as a mood uplifter. Going forward, the dynamics that will shape India's snacking habits will be based on the acronym STTEM- Safety, Technology, Taste, Ease & Mood Uplifter- the five pillars. Speaking specifically of the mood pillar, snacking will have a larger influence over both consumers and brands." Also Read: International Day of Happiness 2023: India ranks behind its neighbours in World Happiness Index This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

20 March,2023 09:47 AM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Experts shares 5 tips to keep your gums healthy

Are bleeding gums coming in the way if you brushing your teeth well? Does the sensitivity in your teeth prevent you eating your favourite ice cream? Are you not smiling because you are conscious of your swollen gums? The one-stop solution to all your problems is to improve the health of your gums! Celebrity dentist Kshama Chandan, founder of House of Tooth in Mumbai shares everyday tips for your gums. Healthy gums are pink, and firm, do not bleed and fit snugly around your teeth. Your lifestyle can greatly impact your gum health which includes your- diet, age, and oral care. How do you know if your gums are healthy? "If your gums are sensitive, swollen, red, or bleeding, these are an indication that your gums are not as healthy as they ideally should be," says Chandan. Here are some tips:Brush your teeth properlyBrushing is the key to having a healthy mouth and gums.Brush your teeth at least twice a day using a medium-soft toothbrush, and use Fluoridated toothpaste.Change your toothbrush every few months.Change your toothbrush if the bristles start fraying.Hold the toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to the hums while brushing -- Do not scrub your teeth while brushing, instead use short strokes. Floss dailyFlossing every day helps to loosen the food that gets stuck between your teeth and hence causes gum irritation. It also helps to remove plaque from areas that are hard for the brush to reach. If the food and plaque stay in this area for a long time, this leads to tartar hard build-up of bacteria that cannot be removed by regular brushing. You can Schedule an appointment with your dentist to get rid of this stubborn layer of tartar. Quit smokingSmoking and other tobacco products like paan, gutka, etc. lead to gum disease. Tobacco also limits blood flow which makes it hard for a wound to heal quickly. Making sure you quit Smoking should be your priority if you're suffering from bleeding gums. Look what you're eatingWe all know that whatever food we eat has an impact on our health. Food items that are high in sugar content are more likely to cause cavities in the teeth. Whereas healthy vegetables and proteins are good for your oral health. Adding vitamins and minerals to your diet also helps to improve your oral health. Regular dental check-upsDental check-ups include a cleaning of the mouth. Getting your teeth professionally cleaned is the only way to remove tartar from the teeth. Professional cleaning also helps to remove the plaque which cannot be removed by normal tooth brushing. These are a few tips and tricks to keep your oral health at your A1 game. Also Read: Are you experiencing thinning of hair? Here are quick tips to keep it in check This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

19 March,2023 10:05 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Carbs, sugary diets may cause poor oral health: Study

A new study conducted in the US revealed links between widely consumed foods and the diversity and composition of oral bacteria in postmenopausal women. Scientists from the University at Buffalo have shown how eating certain types of foods impacts the oral microbiome of postmenopausal women. They found that higher intake of sugary and high glycemic load foods -- like doughnuts and other baked goods, regular soft drinks, breads and non-fat yogurts -- may influence poor oral health and, perhaps, systemic health outcomes in older women due to the influence these foods have on the oral microbiome. In a study in Scientific Reports, an open access journal from the publishers of Nature, the UB-led team investigated whether carbohydrates and sucrose, or table sugar, were associated with the diversity and composition of oral bacteria in a sample of 1,204 postmenopausal women using data from the Women's Health Initiative. It is the first study to examine carbohydrate intake and the subgingival microbiome in a sample consisting exclusively of postmenopausal women. The study was unique in that the samples were taken from subgingival plaque, which occurs under the gums, rather than salivary bacteria. "This is important because the oral bacteria involved in periodontal disease are primarily residing in the subgingival plaque," said study first author Amy Millen, PhD, associate professor of epidemiology and environmental health in UB's School of Public Health and Health Professions. "Looking at measures of salivary bacteria might not tell us how oral bacteria relate to periodontal disease because we are not looking in the right environment within the mouth," she added. The research team reported positive associations between total carbohydrates, glycemic load and sucrose and Streptococcus mutans, a contributor to tooth decay and some types of cardiovascular disease, a finding that confirms previous observations. But they also observed associations between carbohydrates and the oral microbiome that are not as well established. The researchers observed Leptotrichia spp., which has been associated with gingivitis, a common gum disease, in some studies, to be positively associated with sugar intake. The other bacteria they identified as associated with carbohydrate intake or glycemic load have not been previously appreciated as contributing to periodontal disease in the literature or in this cohort of women, according to Millen. "We examined these bacteria in relation to usual carbohydrate consumption in postmenopausal women across a wide variety of carbohydrate types: total carbohydrate intake, fiber intake, disaccharide intake, to simple sugar intake," Millen said. "No other study had examined the oral bacteria in relation to such a broad array of carbohydrate types in one cohort. We also looked at associations with glycemic load, which is not well studied in relation to the oral microbiome." The key question now is what this all means for overall health, and that's not as easily understood just yet. "As more studies are conducted looking at the oral microbiome using similar sequencing techniques and progression or development of periodontal disease over time, we might begin to make better inferences about how diet relates to the oral microbiome and periodontal disease," Millen said. Also Read: Cheddar fever: Indian cheesemakers give desi touch to their cheese, win at World Cheese Awards 2022 This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

19 March,2023 10:00 PM IST | Washington | ANI
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Ask your dentist these seven questions about dental implants

Dental implants are the most widely talked about treatment modality in dentistry nowadays. Dr. Richa Vats, geriatric dentist and Implantologist shares important facts regarding implants.  This is perhaps one of the most common and obvious first questions to ask before dental implants. A dental implant isn't an actual tooth, but a prosthesis used for replacing missing teeth. Basically, it's a small titanium fixture the dentist inserts into your jawbone, on top of which the dentist can attach a tooth. This process is done surgically. Implants serve as your missing teeth's roots. Since dental implants fuse with your jawbone, they won't make noise, slip or cause bone damage like dentures or fixed bridgework may.  A dental implant cannot harm the body adversely. The implant is completely submerged in the bone so you don't feel any foreign body sensation or irritation. Since it is made with titanium alloy it doesn't feel heavy either. Also, it is safe to get an MRI or a CT scan done with implants, a radiologist might have trouble interpreting this scan because of the scattering artifacts.    While discomfort can vary between people, most individuals report getting their dental implant was much less uncomfortable than they anticipated it to be. During the surgical dental implant procedure, the dentist will give you an anesthetic, so you should feel minimal discomfort if any. If you follow the dentist's post-operative instructions and take the prescribed antibiotics, you should experience minimal discomfort. Your dentist will likely prescribe you pain medication as well. Post-operative instructions are almost similar to that of a dental extraction, which includes a soft diet, no smoking. Basically, not disturbing the surgical site.   Very rarely does an individual's body reject an implant. The very few rejections are due to rare allergies to the titanium alloy that make up the implant. In this case your dentist will pull out the implant, allow the bone to heal and re-insert a new implant. Another reason why an implant could fail is if you don't take proper care of it after your surgery. Without excellent oral hygiene, natural teeth fail and fall out eventually. Dental implants are no different. When you take good care of your teeth and your implants, it will help prevent gum decay and structure failure later on.   Similar to any oral surgical procedure, there is a chance of infection, pain and inflammation. However, negative effects are rare and usually minor if they do occur. Also, if the dentist can't place the implant because of limited bone availability, then you may require a bone and gum grafting procedure, which could increase your treatment cost. To be a good candidate for implants, you need to have good oral and general health. You also need to have adequate bone in your jaw to support the dental implant, be free of periodontal disease and have healthy gum tissues.  An existing denture wearer (it might be possible for your dentist to place the implants beneath existing dentures to help stabilise and support them. However, the dentist can only do this if your existing dentures are in excellent condition). Dental implants can help provide support and retention for a removable implant overdenture. Implants help ensure that the full or partial denture doesn't move and decreases the need for denture glue or adhesives. Don't smoke or be willing to quit. Absolute contraindications to implant rehabilitation include recent myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular accident, and valvular prosthesis surgery. Patients on hormonal therapy like uncontrolled diabetes. Immunosuppression, bleeding issues, osteoporosis, active treatment of malignancy, drug abuse, psychiatric illness, as well as intravenous bisphosphonate use. Relative contraindications will include tobacco addiction, inadequate bone support which cannot be augmented, controlled metabolic disorders and patients with poor oral hygiene and non-compliant patients.  The average implant process occurs in multiple steps. You may require more than one healing stage. So, there's a varied healing period, depending on your health, the number of teeth to be replaced, and other factors. However, the healing process generally takes anywhere from 12 to 16 weeks. Placing teeth right after the surgery isn't uncommon but can't be done for everyone. A lot of factors are to be considered before making this decision. Also, this is to be pre-planned before the surgery.   Dental implants can last a lifetime if you take care of them properly by regularly brushing, flossing and following your dentist's recommendations. While no one can guarantee the lifetime success of an implant, you can be provided with suggestions and guidelines on how to take good care of your teeth. The guidelines are based on your genetic history, proper hygiene procedures, and your nutritional habits. Also, you can expect some bone loss around your implant over a few years which may or may not affect the stability of your implant. So basically, they are a permanent solution for your missing teeth.  Also Read: How to balance mental and physical health to detox our bodies This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

19 March,2023 09:52 PM IST | Mumbai | IANS
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Having restless nights? New study says your pet dog or cat might be the reason

A new study has found that people having a pet dog or cat could suffer from restless nights more than people without pets. According to researchers at the Lincoln Memorial University, US, having a dog was associated with greater odds of having a sleep disorder and having trouble sleeping while having a cat was associated with a higher chance of having leg jerks. The differences in the association of sleep quality and cat versus dog ownership may be because cats tend to be more active at night, said Dr Lauren Wisnieski, Assistant Professor of Public Health and Research and Affiliation at the varsity. Furthermore, she found that there were fewer differences in sleep quality indicators between cat and non-cat owners compared to dog and non-dog owners. The findings are published in the CABI journal Human-Animal Interactions. The study did not establish the causal nature of pet ownership on sleep quality and sleep disorders, but the results are consistent with previous studies that found that pet ownership has a negative impact on sleep quality. Prior studies have shown varied results: on the one hand, dogs and cats were shown to be beneficial for an owner's quality of sleep due to the social support that pets provide - pets offer a sense of security and companionship, which may result in improvements in levels of anxiety, stress and depression. Yet on the other hand, it stated that pets may disrupt their owners' sleep. "If the causal relationship is established through further investigation, the results will have implications for clinician recommendations for treating patients with poor sleep quality," Wisnieski added. "Additionally, educational resources can be developed to inform pet owners about the risks of sleep disruptions and offer potential solutions, such as crating the pet or restricting access to the bedroom at night," she said Also Read: How do genetic factors influence oral health This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever  

19 March,2023 05:31 PM IST | New York | IANS
World Oral Health Day is celebrated every year on March 20. Image for representational purposes only. Photo Courtesy: Istock

How do genetic factors influence oral health


It is widely known that it is not just our appearance that we inherit from our parents, but also an increased risk of diseases and health conditions. While there are thousands of genetic disorders, from diabetes to migraine, we rarely consider dental health as a cause of concern. Ahead of World Oral Health Day, which is celebrated on March 20 every year, we’ve got Dr Sharon Colaco Dias, Prosthodontist and Implantologist, head of dental medicine at Manipal Hospital in Bangalore to outline how genetic factors influence oral health. What is the connection between oral health and genetic factors? How can genetic factors affect the size, shape, and colour of your enamel?The most common oral diseases are dental cavities and gum disease. Almost every aspect of oral health is affected to a degree by your genes. Studies have shown that about 60 per cent of tooth decay appears to involve genetic factors. These genetic factors can change the levels of proteins in the tooth, which can affect the size, shape, and colour of your enamel. Depending on this, the enamel becomes weaker and more susceptible to developing cavities. Can oral diseases be directly inherited from parents?Many common diseases are not inherited as a single gene defect, but instead are the result of modifications in gene expression or gene-environment interactions which affects one’s body including the oral cavity. Enamel and dentine structure, immune response, salivary content and volume, oral microflora, dental arch morphology (width, length, and shape) and alignment contribute to the multifactorial and complete cause of dental diseases. Are there any markers that can be identified?Research studies have concluded that the heredity of our defence response pattern may be an important factor in developing gum diseases. In order to achieve the best results from gum treatment, one must not only be able to identify genetic determinants but also learn to modify, control or modulate the immune response. At present, the clinical application of the effect of genetics on gum disease is minimal.    What are some of the common diseases that may arise from genetic factors?Dental caries is one of the most fundamental chronic diseases that is influenced by a complex interplay of both genetic and environmental factors. Most of the factors affecting susceptibility to dental caries are influenced by genetics. In addition, genetics accounts for up to 65 per cent of inter-individual variation in dental caries experience. One of the primary genes to have an association with caries susceptibility is amelogenin. Different levels of expression of amelogenin, correlate directly with variable enamel hardness, i.e., an increase in amelogenin is directly proportional to an increase in the hardness of enamel and vice versa. The hazardous paths of the teeth, jaw development, and dental movement after eruption will contribute to the dental arch details that form due to the influence of genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. Genetic factors mostly influence dental arch variation from the primitive stage of organ development. Disturbances in gene interactions will result in abnormalities or variations of dental arch shape and size. The dental arch variation results from a combination of the development of tooth position and jaws. Yet, after the eruption, environmental factors include intraoral functional pressures such tongue pressure, lip and cheek force, and oral habits predominantly affect tooth position (thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, mouth breathing, lip biting). On the other hand, the jaw and alveolar bones as the dental arch base are greatly influenced by genetic and epigenetic factors that have crucial roles in dental arch development. How are gums affected?Genetics has influenced gum diseases and also holds a significant role in the predisposition and progressiveness of the condition. At least 50 per cent of the vulnerability of gum disease involving bone loss is attributed to heredity or genetic factors. The role played by genetics to damage the immune response system of our tissues during gum diseases has been proved. There are two types of gum disease. One occurs in young adults and another type in elderly people. Childhood (early onset) gum disease is often genetic, and the likelihood of inheriting gum disease from families is high, as indicated by genetic studies. This is known as Juvenile periodontitis. Elderly gum disease was thought to have a less genetic influence. But a recent study implies that genetics influences the amount of bone loss and pocket depth in elderly gum disease too. Certain systemic health disorders predispose the patient’s susceptibility to acquiring gum disease, which may present clinically in a chronic or aggressive form. For example, Neutrophil defects predispose to rapid and severe bone loss in gum disease. A high susceptibility to developing gum disease with bone loss has been associated with conditions such as Down syndrome (trisomy 21), Chediak-Higashi syndrome and Papillon-Lefevre syndrome. How is teeth alignment impacted?The alignment of teeth usually resembles one of the parents. Due to the occlusion the upper and lower teeth fit together (bite). The upper teeth typically cover the lower teeth. Misaligned teeth are called Malocclusion. This can occur because of your difference in jaw shape which could be hereditary which means it runs through families. Jaw shape and size might be inherited from one parent, while teeth size and shape might be inherited from another parent. It can be caused by the difference in the size of the upper and lower jaws or between the jaw and tooth size. It causes teeth overcrowding or abnormal bite patterns which results in difficulty in chewing or biting, hence bacteria can harbour in the nooks and corners created by the overcrowded teeth, increasing the risk of decaying teeth and developing cavities. Although weak, the available evidence shows that the heritability factors are determinants for the variations within the same arch, namely, arch morphology and crowding. Between the arch variations like cross bite, the deep bite has environmental factors as determinants rather than genetic factors. Genetics play an important role in dentistry. Whenever it seems necessary, a genetic consultation should be added as part of the dental treatment. What role does genetics play in determining the amount of saliva produced? How does it help teeth fight off acid erosion?Genes have an influence on the quality and quantity of saliva produced. Saliva can be thick and mucous (sticky) or thin and clear (non- sticky). This has an impact on the cleansing properties of saliva. If it is thick, it tends to cleanse less and hence has more chances of plaque formation and vice versa. The PH of the saliva is also an important factor that contributes to dental problems. The normal PH of saliva is relatively neutral. Studies have shown that as the saliva becomes acidic there are more chances of having gum disease and dental caries. Most of the time in diabetic patients the saliva is acidic, hence they have more chance of having gum disease than non-diabetic patients. The genetic variations contribute to changed levels of calcium and phosphorus in saliva which is the key structure of the tooth. Hence when these levels are decreased, the tooth becomes weak and the ability to fight off acid erosion decreases. The genetic variation of enamel formation genes may influence the dynamic interactions between the enamel surface and the oral cavity. For example, a decrease in calcification (chalky enamel) of some teeth like incisor and molar has traditionally been thought to have an environmental cause. However, recent studies suggest that genetic variants might contribute to an individual’s risk for this condition.Also Read: How to help your children prepare for exams, and cope with anxiety and stress

19 March,2023 04:09 PM IST | Mumbai | Maitrai Agarwal
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Here's why scientists believe money can buy happiness

People turn happier as they earn more, according to a new study which overturns the dominant thinking that money cannot buy happiness. The study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences paper, shows that, on average, larger incomes are associated with ever-increasing levels of happiness. Two prominent researchers, Daniel Kahneman from Princeton University and Matthew Killingsworth from the University of Pennsylvania, surveyed 33,391 adults aged between 18 and 65 who live in the US, are employed and report a household income of at least $10,000 a year. For the least happy group, happiness rose with income until $100,000, then showed no further increase as income grew. For those in the middle range of emotional well-being, happiness increases linearly with income, and for the happiest group the association actually accelerates above $100,000. "In the simplest terms, this suggests that for most people larger incomes are associated with greater happiness," said lead author Killingsworth. "The exception is people who are financially well-off but unhappy. For instance, if you're rich and miserable, more money won't help. For everyone else, more money was associated with higher happiness to somewhat varying degrees," he added. The researchers said that the study shows both a happy majority and an unhappy minority exist. For the former, happiness keeps rising as more money comes in; the latter's happiness improves as income rises but only up to a certain income threshold, after which it progresses no further. These findings also have real-world implications, according to Killingsworth. For one, they could inform thinking about tax rates or how to compensate employees. And, of course, they matter to individuals as they navigate career choices or weigh a larger income against other priorities in life, Killingsworth said. However, he adds that for emotional well-being money isn't all. "Money is just one of the many determinants of happiness," he says. "Money is not the secret to happiness, but it can probably help a bit." Also Read: Experts share 5 ways to pursue happiness This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever

19 March,2023 02:00 PM IST | New York | IANS
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