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Mid-Day Premium Cleansers to sunscreens: Essential summer skincare tips for healthy skin

The first thought that pops up after coming across terms like ‘summer skincare’ or ‘winter skincare’ is that the process is bound to be lengthy and complex. While that might be true, you can simplify and customise your skincare regime. Complex or not, having a skincare routine in place is essential, especially during the summer season.   The hot and humid climate triggers multiple skin issues that range from acne, sweat-induced rashes, sunburns, tans and fungal infections. These conditions can exacerbate if not treated in time.  Dr Trishna Gupte, clinical cosmetologist and trichologist, founder, The Cosmo-Square Clinic, ISCA tells, “It's critical to understand that the summer poses special skincare problems because of increased UV exposure, rising temperatures, and higher humidity. Consequently, it's essential to modify one's skincare regimen to shield the skin from damaging UV radiation, avoid sunburns, and reduce the chance of skin damage and early ageing.”  Agreeing with this, Dr Shefali Trasi Nerurkar, consultant dermatologist, Dr Trasi clinic and La Piel Skin Clinic adds, “A summer skincare is similar to winter skincare. A cleanser-moisturiser-sunscreen and night serum are the common steps involved in skincare for any season. However, the ingredients change with the skin type and the weather around.”  “In winter, one is constantly trying to hydrate the skin to prevent any dryness or cracks on the skin. While in summer, we prevent the skin from getting oily.”  Switching from winter to summer skincare“Spring is a transitional period between winter and summer months. This is a good time to start changing the skincare routine from winter to summer. In India, February is the month when this transition happens; especially in the last two weeks,” Nerurkar tells us.  According to Dinyar Workingboxwalla, skin guru and co-founder, Beauty by Bie, there is no specific month to make the switch. “Instead, keep an eye on the weather. Ideally, you want to start transitioning your routine when spring arrives, typically around March or April. This allows your skin to gradually adjust to the changing climate.”  He adds, “Spring can be unpredictable, with occasional chilly days mixed in with warmer spells.  A lighter routine during this time helps your skin adapt without feeling overly stripped on cooler days.”  The skin guru suggests swapping out your products to make a gradual switch: Cleansing:  Ditch the heavy cream cleansers you use in winter. Opt for a double cleanse routine that includes a lightweight, oil-based cleanser to remove sunscreen and makeup buildup, followed by a gentle water-based cleanser to remove any remaining impurities. Moisturising: Bid farewell to thick creams. Embrace lightweight lotions, gel-based formulas, or even oil-free moisturisers with hyaluronic acid for deep hydration without the greasiness. Exfoliation: Summer is a great time to incorporate gentle exfoliation (one or two times a week) to remove dead skin cells and reveal a brighter complexion. Chemical exfoliants like AHAs or BHAs work well, but for sensitive skin, opt for a gentle physical scrub. Sunscreen: This one's a no-brainer. Start using a broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher sunscreen every single day, rain or shine. Look for lightweight, non-comedogenic formulas that won't clog pores. Common skin issues to look out for Gupte states sunburn, heat rash, breakouts of acne, and increased oiliness are common skin conditions in India during the summer months. “Sweat and increased oil production from the skin can cause acne outbreaks and other issues due to clogged pores and accumulated dirt.” Similarly, according to Nerurkar, folliculitis and other bacterial infections, fungal infections like tinea, pityriasis versicolor, miliaria, and sun allergy are some of the other common skin problems faced during the summer season.  Step-by-step summer skincare guideWorkingboxwalla shares a detailed guide that you can follow to keep your skin fresh throughout the hot and humid weather.  Step 1: Double cleanseAs the temperatures rise, so does our skin's propensity to produce excess oil and sweat. A thorough double cleanse becomes paramount to rid the skin of impurities accumulated throughout the day. Begin with an oil-based cleanser to dissolve sunscreen, makeup, and pollutants, followed by a gentle water-based cleanser to purify the skin without stripping its natural oils. Step 2: Mask (once or twice a week)Once or twice a week, treat your skin with a clay mask to draw out impurities and keep the oil in check. Opt for a hydrating mask if you have dry skin – a boost of moisture will keep it plump and balanced. Step 3: HydrateDon't be fooled by the heat – summer is not an excuse to skip moisturiser. Summer skincare is all about lightweight moisturisers that deliver deep hydration without a greasy finish. Look for formulas packed with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, or aloe vera to keep your skin dewy and fresh all day long. Step 4: Eye treatmentThe delicate under-eye area deserves special attention, especially in summer. Swap your rich eye creams for a lightweight, cooling eye gel. Ingredients like cucumber extract or caffeine can help reduce puffiness and dark circles, keeping your peepers bright and refreshed. Step 5: Sun protectionNo matter the season, sunscreen is non-negotiable. In summer, however, it's even more crucial. Opt for a broad-spectrum SPF 30 or higher that's lightweight and non-comedogenic (meaning it won't clog your pores). Reapply religiously every two hours, and even more frequently if you're sweating or swimming. Bonus Tip: Embrace facial oilsA few drops of dry face oil can be a game-changer for summer skin. Look for oils like jojoba or squalane, which mimic your skin's natural oils and lock in moisture without feeling greasy. Using sunscreen the right wayDr Deepti Ghia, consultant, dermatology, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai tells Mid-day, “When transitioning to summer skincare, one must start using sunscreen with low SPF and gradually move to a higher one.”  “For Indian summers SPF 40 and more with broad spectrum coverage is needed. If you are inside the house, apply sunscreen twice during a day.”  Commenting on the harmful effects of UV rays on the skin, Ghia says, “UV exposure is intense from 10 am to 2 pm. So make your schedule of sunscreen application accordingly. If you are out in the sun, you must apply sunscreen from 7 am to 6 pm every 3 hours.”  “For those swimming, using a waterproof sunscreen is recommended. If you are not exposed to pollution and dirt, use sunscreen sticks for repeated protection. If you are exposed to sun, dust and pollution, ensure you rinse your face and then re-apply sunscreens.  To enhance the effectiveness of sunscreens, Ghia suggests adopting physical protection too, like wearing full-sleeved clothing, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses. She says, “All these add to the value of using sunscreens.”  Other sun protection tips she shares include: 1. Avoiding wearing tight jeans and synthetic material clothes. 2. Washing clothes regularly. 3. Staying well hydrated by consuming lots of refreshing and healthy fluids.4. Masking yourself while out in the pollution and cleaning yourself properly once you are back. 5. Eating healthy foods and maintaining a balanced diet free from excessive greasy and spicy foods.  Home remedies for skin ailments in summer Although skincare products come in handy and save a lot of time and effort, many prefer to go the natural way. Nerurkar states, “Soothing the skin with ice and aloe vera gel are some natural ways of treating sunburn or heat rash. Calamine lotion is also an important skincare one can use for a heat rash. Nowadays mists or thermal sprays containing micellar water or other soothing spring water can be used to cool the skin and protect it from skin rash.”  Gupte also shares some helpful remedies: Applying cool compresses to a sunburn might help relieve discomfort and inflammation by soaking a clean cloth in cold water or milk.  To reduce pain and encourage healing, aloe vera gel, which is well-known for its calming and anti-inflammatory qualities, can also be applied directly to the injured area.  Furthermore, colloidal oatmeal compresses or baths might help calm sensitive skin and lessen sunburn-related soreness.  The symptoms of heat rash can be lessened by taking cold baths or showers and dressing in loose, breathable fabrics like cotton.  Additionally, applying cucumber slices or a paste consisting of sandalwood powder and rose water to the affected areas might help reduce the swelling and itching brought on by heat rash.  However, if symptoms increase or persist, you should definitely see a doctor. For a generic natural summer skincare routine, Workingboxwalla shares recipes of face packs to make and apply at home.   Watermelon Sorbet (for the skin)This face pack is a perfect toner for your skin during the summer months. Watermelon and cucumber act as summer essentials that help calm and soothe the redness and irritation caused by the extreme heat conditions.  Ingredients: Watermelon juice - 2 tbspCucumber juice - 2 tbspMilk powder - 1 tspYoghurt - 1 tbsp Method: 1. Take watermelon juice and cucumber juice, mix them with milk powder and yogurt.2. Once a thick paste is ready, apply it on the face with an applicator. 3. Keep it on your face and neck for 15 minutes.4. Rinse off with lukewarm water.  Tropical Paradise (Mango-based face pack) This face mask helps fight the free radicals and heal the sun-damaged skin from the UV rays.  Ingredients: Fresh mango pulp - 2 tbspTurmeric - a pinchYoghurt - 1 tbspHoney - 1 tspSandalwood powder - 1 tsp Method: 1. Take mango pulp and mix sandalwood powder honey. 2. Add a pinch of turmeric powder blended with yoghurt. 3. Now mix all the ingredients in a bowl.4. Apply the paste on the face and neck and keep it for 20 minutes. 5. Rinse with lukewarm water.  Common skincare mistakes to avoid 1. Skipping sunscreen: This can result in sunburns and long-term damage to the skin; dehydration, which can cause dry, dull skin and aggravate pre-existing conditions.  2. Over-exfoliation: While exfoliation can help remove dead skin cells and promote healthy skin cell turnover, overdoing it can strip away natural oils and irritate your skin, especially in the summer sun. Stick to gentle exfoliation two-three times a week. 3. Using thick moisturisers: Doing so can clog pores and cause breakouts in hot weather. Opt for a lightweight, oil-free moisturiser to keep your skin hydrated without feeling greasy. 4. Forgetting to hydrate from within: Drinking plenty of water is crucial for overall health and skin health. Aim for eight glasses of water a day to keep your skin plump and glowing. 5. Wearing heavy makeup: Opt for lightweight, mineral-based makeup in the summer to avoid clogging pores and cakey look. 6. Not cleansing thoroughly: Sweat, oil, and makeup can build up on your skin throughout the day. Ensure you double-cleanse your face thoroughly to remove impurities and prevent breakouts. Disclaimer: This information does not replace professional medical advice. Consult a qualified specialist or your physician for personalised guidance.

14 April,2024 01:04 PM IST | Mumbai | Aakanksha Ahire
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Why are young adults at high risk of irritable bowel syndrome?

Young adults with increased stress in their lives, and who live a sedentary lifestyle with no exercise and also eat a poor diet may be at high risk of developing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), according to health experts on Sunday. IBS is a common disorder that affects the stomach and intestines, leading to abdominal cramping, diarrhoea, constipation, bloating, and gas. While there are no specific causes of IBS, it may be related to an overly sensitive colon or immune system, said health experts. "Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a form of gastrointestinal disorder. It is most commonly reported among young people in the age group of 20-40 due to increased stress, sedentary lifestyle, and poor dietary choices," Bir Singh Sehrawat, Director and HOD-Gastroenterology, Marengo Asia Hospitals, Faridabad, told IANS. Also Read: Exploring the gut-mind relationship and its impact on mental health The young are more at risk as consumption of fast food that is spicy, oily, and also contains added sugars, salts, fats, and artificial ingredients; and intake of aerated drinks are high among the young generation. These food items not only lack nutrition but also can impact the balance of gut bacteria triggering IBS symptoms. Further, excessive mental stress can create hormonal disturbances which may have an impact on digestion. Anxiety also changes the regulation of blood and oxygen throughout the body which impacts the stomach causing diarrhoea, constipation, gas, or discomfort. These factors are leading "to a rise in cases of IBS in India", Manish Kak, Consultant Gastroenterology, Manipal Hospital, Ghaziabad, told IANS. Also Read: Doctors urge consideration of homoeopathic treatments for chronic and lifestyle diseases, here’s why He explained that although IBS does not damage the digestive tract nor does it increase the risk of colon cancer, it can be a long-lasting problem that changes daily routine. To reduce the risk of IBS, one must adopt a fibre-rich diet, refrain from alcohol use, do regular exercise, and manage stress through yoga and meditation. However, the doctors warned not to overlook the symptoms of IBS such as bloating, constipation, diarrhoea, excessive strain when passing a stool, repeated belching, abdominal pain, or cramps, particularly with bowel movements. "On experiencing these symptoms, consult a gastroenterologist. If left untreated, IBS can hit the colon, or large bowel, which is the part of the digestive tract that stores stool," Bir said. Also Read: ‘Drafting a living will safeguards your right to live and die with dignity’ This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

14 April,2024 12:22 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Animals passing deadly bacteria to humans: Study

Animals play a role in the spread of deadly bacteria, a new study has revealed. The study presented by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) found evidence of 'multidrug-resistant' bacteria being passed between sick cats and dogs and their healthy owners in Portugal and the UK. This raised concerns that pets can act as reservoirs of resistance and thus aid in the spread of resistance to essential medicines, the researchers noted. "Understanding and addressing the transmission of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) bacteria from pets to humans is essential for effectively combating AMR in both human and animal populations," said lead researcher Juliana Menezes from the University of Lisbon, Portugal. According to the researchers, drug-resistant infections kill over 1.2 million people a year worldwide, with the figure projected to grow to 10 million by 2050 if no action is taken. As per the World Health Organization (WHO), antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest public health threats facing humanity. A team of researchers tested faecal and urine samples and skin swabs from dogs and cats and their owners for Enterobacterales (a large family of bacteria which includes E. coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) resistant to common antibiotics, the study said. The study involved five cats, 38 dogs, and 78 humans from 43 households in Portugal and 22 dogs and 56 humans from 22 households in the UK. The researchers discovered that bacteria can be transmitted between pets and humans by petting, touching, or kissing and through the handling of faeces. To prevent transmission, the researchers suggested pet owners practice good hygiene, including washing their hands after petting their dog or cat and after handling their waste. Menezes advised pet owners to consider isolating pets in one room when they are unwell, in order to "prevent the spread of bacteria throughout the house and clean the other rooms thoroughly". This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

14 April,2024 10:53 AM IST | London | IANS
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Mid-Day Premium Do this to make the most of your intermittent fast

Beyond fasting restrictions, it's time to delve into supplements that can be consumed to promote functional energy and aid weight loss. Before we dive into the realm of food supplements, let's decode the mechanisms of fasting.   Mumbai-based dietician Manisha Patil tells Midday that during an intermittent fast – the body undergoes a series of metabolic and hormonal changes to adapt to the fasting state. Initially, as glucose levels decline after the last meal, the body shifts from using glucose as its primary energy source to breaking down glycogen stored in the liver and muscles.   “Once glycogen reserves are depleted, typically after 8-12 hours, the body enters a state of ketosis, where it begins to burn stored fat for energy, producing ketones as a byproduct. This metabolic shift is accompanied by changes in hormone levels, including increased release of norepinephrine and growth hormone, which promote fat breakdown and muscle preservation,” reveals Patil.   Additionally, insulin levels decrease, allowing for better insulin sensitivity and improved blood sugar regulation. Over time, intermittent fasting has been associated with various health benefits, including weight loss and improved metabolic health. So, the question arises – what should one eat while partaking in an intermittent fast?  Also Read: Celebrity nutritionist Rujuta Diwekar reveals dietary tips for 360-degree fitness goals Foods to sustain energy levels during intermittent fasting: It's crucial to consume nutrient-dense foods to sustain energy levels during intermittent fasting, shares the Gurugram-based dietician Yashika Dua from Artemis Lite 82A. To maintain energy and ensure overall health during intermittent fasting, consider consuming:   Lean proteins: chicken, turkey, fish, tofu and legumes (which provide amino acids for muscle repair and satiety) Leafy greens: spinach, kale and Swiss chard (which are rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants) Whole grains: quinoa, brown rice and oats (which provide complex carbohydrates for sustained energy release) Healthy fats: avocados, nuts, seeds and olive oil (which support brain health and help keep you feeling full)  Fruits: berries, apples and oranges (which provide natural sugars for energy and are packed with vitamins and fibre)   Apart from this, stay hydrated by drinking sufficient water and consider eating electrolyte-rich foods like bananas, sweet potatoes and coconut water to maintain electrolyte balance during fasting periods.   Don’t miss: Essential nutrients Essential supplements like B-complex, Magnesium, Vitamin D and Zinc help always support the body against all kinds of stressors and including fasting, remarks functional nutritionist Mugdha Pradhan, who is also the founder of Pune-based health and wellness platform: iThrive.   It’s also important to take water with electrolytes during the fasting window to prevent dehydration. Taking Co-enzyme Q10 can help sustain your energy levels when fasting.   According to Pradhan, a low-carb diet with ample amounts of healthy fats like ghee and coconut oil and minimal carbohydrates helps to sustain energy levels and keep blood sugar stable when fasting. Also Read: Keep it simple: How to plan your daily diet amid a hectic work schedule  Upon breaking a fast When breaking a fast, it's important to choose foods that provide a balanced combination of macronutrients and micronutrients to nourish your body. Consider starting with a protein-rich option like grilled chicken breast, salmon, tofu or eggs. Protein helps in satisfying hunger and supports muscle repair and growth.   Incorporate healthy fats into your meal like avocado slices, nuts, seeds and olive oil drizzled over salads or vegetables to help keep you feeling satisfied and provide essential fatty acids. Additionally, include complex carbohydrates to replenish energy stores and provide sustained energy.   Opt for whole grains like quinoa, brown rice or whole grain bread, as well as starchy vegetables like sweet potatoes or butternut squash. Eat fibre-rich foods and keep yourself hydrated by drinking sufficient water and consuming foods with high water content.   Fasting during Chaitra Navratri It is also very important to prioritise getting adequate protein and essential nutrients during your eating window. Pasture-raised animal foods are the best source for these but Navratri fasts don’t allow for non-vegetarian food. Hence, supplementation becomes necessary.   “The ‘fasting’ that is practiced during Chaitra Navratri and in a lot of other Hindu rituals is not technically fasting,” informs Pradhan. Because they allow eating fruits, milk and a lot of other carbohydrates like Sabudana. Often apart from non-vegetarian food and a few other foods like onion and garlic, everything else is allowed and it’s still termed fasting. But that is just restricted eating.   Therefore, the normal health challenges and phenomena associated with fasting don’t apply in these cases. A good essential amino acid supplement helps support your protein needs while being fully vegan and dairy-free.   Dietary recommendations for diabetic individuals Pradhan recounts that a low-carb diet with ample amounts of healthy fats like ghee and coconut oil and minimal carbohydrates helps to sustain energy levels and keep blood sugar stable when fasting. This is all the more important for diabetics. They need to be very careful about avoiding sugar and refined carbohydrates.   Including cinnamon in one’s meal while breaking a fast help to reduce the sugar spike. Berberine, ALA, chromium, jamun, and bitter herbs like Neem are also great natural options for managing blood sugar levels.   Managing acidity on a fast If you’re experiencing acidity when fasting that is a sign of an underlying gut problem, usually an H. Pylori or other infection that is just becoming more prominent with the fasting. Fasting is supposed to rest your gut and digestive system and if you don’t have underlying gut issues you won’t experience any symptoms when fasting. Pradhan suggests reaching out to a reputed functional medicine practitioner and get tested to discover the root cause of your acidity and address it.   While solving the issue from its roots could take a while, for short-term management try to minimise stress and break your fast with small meals. Aloe vera juice can be helpful to soothe the burning.   Supplements for muscle maintenance and repair To ensure you're getting enough protein during intermittent fasting to support muscle maintenance and repair, focus on eating protein-rich foods like lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, tofu, tempeh, legumes and protein-rich vegetables like spinach and broccoli, informs Dua.   Furthermore, include animal-based proteins in your diet like meat, fish, eggs, and dairy, as well as plant-based sources like quinoa, soy, and buckwheat. If needed, consider consuming protein supplements like whey protein, casein protein, pea protein or hemp protein into your diet to help meet your protein needs, especially if you struggle to consume enough protein through whole foods alone.   Lastly, pay attention to your portion sizes to ensure that you're consuming a sufficient amount of protein without overeating. Also Read: You can’t ‘out-exercise’ a bad diet: Celebrity fitness trainer Namrata Purohit dishes out fitness tips that actually workSpecific foods that minimise hunger Dua informs that certain foods and food combinations can help in minimising hunger and cravings during intermittent fasting. Incorporating protein-rich foods like lean meats, fish, eggs, tofu and legumes into your meals can promote feelings of fullness and reduce hunger. Consuming foods with high fibre content like vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes, can help in controlling appetite and promote satiety, keeping you feeling full for longer periods.   Including healthy fats in your diet from sources like avocados, nuts, seeds and olive oil in your meals can help in slowing down digestion and promote feelings of fullness. Including complex carbohydrates like whole grains, sweet potatoes and oats can provide sustained energy and help prevent blood sugar fluctuations that can trigger cravings.   Lastly, staying hydrated by drinking water throughout the day and consuming herbal teas or black coffee can also help curb hunger and cravings during fasting periods. 

14 April,2024 08:27 AM IST | Mumbai | Ainie Rizvi
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Remove Bournvita from category of ‘health drinks’: Govt tells e-commerce firms

The Ministry of Commerce and Industry has issued an advisory to the e-commerce companies, directing them to remove all drinks and beverages including Bournvita from the category of ‘health drinks’, on their portal and platforms. “National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR), a statutory body constituted under Section (3) of the Commission of Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005 after its inquiry under Section 14 of CRPC Act 2005 concluded that there is no ‘health drink’ defined under FSS Act 2006, rules and regulations submitted by FSSAI and Mondelez India Food Pvt Ltd,” the ministry said in a notification, dated April 10. The advisory comes on the back of an investigation by the NCPCR that found the Bournvita contains sugar levels, much above the acceptable limits. Earlier, the NCPCR had called upon the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) to initiate action against the companies that failed to meet safety standards and guidelines and were projecting power supplements as ‘health drinks’. Notably, as per the regulatory body, ‘health drink’ has not been defined in the country’s food laws and to project something under the same violates the rules. The FSSAI, earlier this month, also instructed e-commerce portals against labelling diary-based or malt-based beverages as ‘health drinks’. The controversy over the ‘unhealthy’ nature of Bournvita first arose after a YouTuber in his video slammed the powder supplement and informed that it contained excessive sugar, cocoa solids and harmful colourants that could lead to serious health hazards in children, including cancer. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

13 April,2024 04:20 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Scientists in Amsterdam decode how exercise can reverse ageing

Exercise can help stop the build-up of lipids -- a type of fat that accumulates as the body’s tissue gets older -- and thus aid in reversing ageing, revealed a study Friday. A team of scientists from Amsterdam University Medical Center (UMC), in the Netherlands, conducted the study on both humans and mice. Their results, published in the journal Nature Aging, revealed the presence of specific lipids that indicate tissue ageing and which can be decreased through exercise. "The idea that we could reverse ageing is something that was long considered science fiction, but these findings do allow us to understand a lot more about the ageing process,” said Riekelt Houtkooper, Professor at the laboratory Genetic Metabolic Diseases of Amsterdam UMC. "Everyone says that 'it's just part of getting older,' but this doesn't actually have to be true. By understanding more about the ageing process, we can also look into new ways of intervening," added Georges Janssens, Assistant professor at Amsterdam UMC. For the study in mice, the team investigated how the composition of fats caused changes in muscles, kidneys, liver, and heart. They found a type of lipid, the bis (monoacylglycero) phosphates (or BMPs), were elevated in all tissues from the older animals. The team also found a similar accumulation of BMP in muscle biopsies of older adults. But biopsies after one hour of exercise daily revealed a decrease in the level of BMPs, stressing the importance of exercise. However, further studies are needed to ascertain the role of physical activity in reversing the process of ageing, the team said. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

13 April,2024 04:03 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Eating seafood often can increase the risk of exposure to chemicals: Study

While consuming lobsters, shrimp, tuna, and other kinds of seafood may be good to boost your Omega-3 levels, eating them more frequently can increase the risk of exposure to a group of industrial chemicals called per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), also known as "forever chemicals," according to a study. Experts from Dartmouth College in the UK noted that guidelines for safe seafood consumption exist for mercury and other contaminants, but not for PFAS. The study stresses the need for more stringent public health guidelines that establish the amount of seafood people can safely consume. "Our recommendation isn't to eat seafood -- seafood is a great source of lean protein and omega fatty acids. But it also is a potentially underestimated source of PFAS exposure in humans," said Megan Romano, corresponding author and Associate Professor of Epidemiology at Dartmouth College's Geisel School of Medicine in the UK. "Understanding this risk-benefit trade-off for seafood consumption is important for people making decisions about diet, especially for vulnerable populations such as pregnant women and children," Romano said. In the study, the team measured the levels of 26 varieties of PFAS in samples of the most consumed marine species: cod, haddock, lobster, salmon, scallop, shrimp and tuna. The findings, published in the journal Exposure and Health, showed that shrimp and lobster carry the highest concentrations with averages ranging as high as 1.74 and 3.30 nanograms per gram of flesh, respectively, for certain PFAS compounds. PFAS, which break down very slowly over time and can persist over thousands of years in the environment, are potentially harmful to people, wildlife, and the environment. Studies have shown their exposure raises the risk of cancer, foetal abnormalities, high cholesterol, and thyroid, liver, and reproductive disorders.  This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

12 April,2024 05:43 PM IST | London | IANS
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World Parkinson's Day: Why Parkinson’s disease is striking people under 50

While advancing age remains a prominent risk factor for Parkinson’s disease, health experts on Thursday expressed concerns over the increasing early onset of the neurodegenerative disease, among people under the age of 50. According to a 2022 study published in the journal Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, India has an increasing prevalence of Parkinson’s disease, with the average age of onset almost a decade younger in comparison to other countries. “The prevailing myth that Parkinson's primarily afflicts older individuals is rapidly dissipating in light of evolving epidemiological trends and clinical observations. The recent surge in early-onset Parkinson's cases, particularly in countries like India where a significant proportion of patients experience motor symptoms before the age of 50, challenges this misconception,” Dr Aashka Ponda, Consultant Neuro-physician, Bhailal Amin General Hospital, Vadodara, told IANS. Even though age continues to be the major risk factor, emerging evidence highlights the role of environmental toxins, genetic predispositions, and lifestyle factors in precipitating Parkinson's onset at younger ages. “Factors such as exposure to pesticides, air pollution, and dietary habits intersect with genetic susceptibilities to shape the disease trajectory, challenging the notion of Parkinson's as an exclusive affliction of the elderly,” the doctor said. Characterised by symptoms such as reduced movement speed, stiffness, tremors, and impaired balance or posture, Parkinson's can substantially disrupt daily activities and mobility, leading to distress. Parkinson's disease patients contend not only with motor symptoms like tremors, slowness, stiffness, and postural instability but also grapple with often overlooked non-motor manifestations such as sleep disturbances, anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairments. “With a substantial portion of Parkinson's patients falling within the younger age bracket, it's imperative to recognise that this neurological disorder does not discriminate solely based on age. Instead, a multifaceted interplay of genetic predispositions, environmental exposures, and comorbidities underscore the complexity of Parkinson's aetiology,” Dr. Aashka said. “Early detection and effective management of Parkinson's disease play a pivotal role in enhancing symptom management, slowing down disease advancement, and averting complications, thereby enhancing the patient's overall quality of life,” added Dr. Sanjay Pandey, HoD, Neurology and Stroke Medicine, Amrita Hospital, Faridabad. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

12 April,2024 04:12 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Iraqi man wins battle against stage 4 rectal cancer in India

A 47-year-old man from Iraq suffering from stage-4 rectal cancer has been given a new lease of life after a complex surgery by doctors in India. The man was initially diagnosed with piles and was undergoing treatment for the same in his country. However, it was later discovered that he was suffering from rectal cancer that had been misdiagnosed earlier. The obese patient also underwent multiple chemotherapy and radiation sessions, before being referred to the Manipal Hospital in Dwarka. "This was a challenging case as the patient had previously been misdiagnosed, and the fact that he weighed 122 kg added complexity to the treatment,” Dr Sanjeev Kumar, consultant - surgical oncology, Manipal Hospital, Dwarka, said. After evaluation, the doctors also found peritoneal disease in addition to rectal cancer (stage IV). Peritoneal disease is a cancer that begins in an organ within the abdomen and then spreads to the abdominal wall lining and surface. Usually, stage IV cancers are incurable. But, the peritoneal disease can be treated. Given the complexity of the case, doctors at Manipal decided to undertake CRS (Cytoreductive Surgery) and HIPEC (Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgery) - both highly complex and challenging procedures. “These procedures were combined with the surgical removal of the cancerous tumour and the administration of heated chemotherapy to the abdomen, to maximise the effectiveness of the treatment,” Kumar explained. “Despite an unfavourable initial prognosis, the patient was successfully treated under the guidance of our team and returned home with a better quality of life. The success of his treatment highlights the importance of advanced medical solutions to complex problems like cancer," the doctor said. This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

12 April,2024 03:21 PM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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What is Andropause? All you need to know about the lesser-known male menopause

Have you ever gained weight, had hot flushes, or been less sexually aroused? Has your partner also noticed any of these things? These are but a few symptoms of male menopause, a medical condition that is largely ignored. Women have a fixed ovarian reserve, which gradually decreases with time and leads to menopause, as is widely known. Although men do not go through menopause, the sudden drop in testosterone causes them to go through similar problems. Andropause, or simply male menopause, is the name used to describe it. As men age, they undergo a range of changes, including loss of muscle mass and greying hair. A prominent alteration observed in men is a reduction in their testosterone levels. “The topic is rarely investigated because there isn't much research on it, hormone withdrawal isn't as bad as it is in women, and you don't die from a decline in gonadal hormones. When males experience this, it's usually due to a combination of factors like stress at the job, the stress in a marriage, the stress in life management, and lifestyle choices, in addition to the hormone decline,” said Dr. Shobha Gupta, medical director and IVF expert from Mother’s Lap IVF Centre in New Delhi and Vrindavan. What precisely is andropause?Male menopause refers to the decline in testosterone levels in males. Gupta explains, “The male hormone testosterone naturally declines with age, however, diabetes can also cause this decline in production. A persistent decrease in testosterone levels is referred to as age-related low testosterone or late-onset hypogonadism. It is a more progressive menopause as opposed to the rapid onset of female menopause, which is characterised by the end of ovulation and a decrease in hormone production.” What are some of the symptoms and signs?A few symptoms that could follow from this decline are fatigue, a low libido, and trouble focusing. In addition to this, there are also the following indications and symptoms. Reduced mental clarity (bad attention, downbeat mood).Loss of energy and strength.Losing muscle, acquiring fat, and gaining weight.Moods that are depressed or lack fire and energy. Irritability.Aches and pains in the muscles (stiffness felt).Sweats or hot flushesHands and feet that are coldItchingSexual dysfunctionLoss of heightWhy does andropause occur?Testosterone controls several important functions in men. For example, it regulates libido, muscle mass, and sperm production. Testosterone is essential for both bone health and blood production. It is produced in the adrenal glands and testes. As men age, their ability to produce sperm and their levels of testosterone tend to decrease. This leads to a condition called andropause. When does a man go through andropause?The onset of andropause can happen around the age of 40, but it can also happen sooner and last until 70. “The andropause debate has gained greater momentum recently, although not all doctors and psychologists agree that men experience menopause because not all men experience it, and those who do usually don't talk about it. Similar to how women express their feelings, so do they,” said Dr Gupta. Diagnosis and TherapyIn the absence of the aforementioned symptom, your doctor may ask for a blood test to measure your testosterone levels. If they are low, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may be suggested. You can get guidance on changing your lifestyle, like increasing your physical activity and eating a better diet. Gupta recommends some handful tips for andropause to be made easier for your body and mind: Eat healthfully: a diet that is balanced in terms of the amount of fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, and dairy items consumed. Get moving and normal health checkups: Exercise regularly, focusing on muscular, flexibility, and aerobic activities. Get frequent health screenings, especially those for prostate, testicular, and cardiovascular cancer. Hormones: When you get older, check your hormone levels. Several significant hormones in a man's body start to diminish typically between the ages of 40 and 55. Reduce stress: Talking to your partner, friends, and family about your difficulties might help you relax and reduce tension. Intimacy: As you go through male menopause, you will come to see sex as a component of a meaningful relationship that also includes sharing, intimacy, friendship and getting enough sleep. Men's experiences of menopause vary greatly depending on their personalities. Unlike women's menopause, more research is needed to fully understand andropause, or male menopause, and determine what can be done to assist men throughout this time in their lives.

11 April,2024 11:28 AM IST | New Delhi | IANS
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Hormone therapy safe in women older than 65 years: Study

Taking hormone therapy (HT) may be safe and promote long-term health in women, especially after 65 years of age, revealed a large study on Wednesday, challenging previous research that linked increased risks for various cancers and heart disease with the therapy. Hormone therapy is a medication that contains female hormones -- oestrogen and progesterone -- and is widely used to treat menopausal symptoms like hot flashes and vaginal discomfort. However, previous research showed it to be detrimental to the long-term health of women, prompting fears about its usage. However, the study, published online today in the journal Menopause, showed that no general rule exists for stopping hormone therapy in a woman based on age alone. The researchers from the Menopause Society noted in the study "that the risks, after age 65, may vary by the type, route, and dose women take". "This large observational study of women provides reassurance regarding the safety of longer-term hormone therapy use and even potential benefits, particularly in women using oestrogen alone. It also offers important insights into variations among different hormone therapy doses, routes of administration, and formulations that could facilitate individualisation of treatment," said Stephanie Faubion, medical director for The Menopause Society. The researchers followed 10 million elderly women from 2007 to 2020, and found that taking oestrogen alone beyond age 65 years "was associated with significant risk reductions in mortality, breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, congestive heart failure, venous thromboembolism, atrial fibrillation, acute myocardial infarction, and dementia". On the other hand, a combination of oestrogen and progestogen therapy increased the risk of breast cancer, but it could be "mitigated using low doses of transdermal or vaginal progestin". Importantly, the progestin usage "resulted in significant risk reductions in endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, and venous thromboembolism". This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/ reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever.

10 April,2024 02:20 PM IST | New York | IANS
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