Washington: The US Congress has passed a USD 1.1-trillion spending bill for fiscal year 2015, capping a week of acrimonious wrangling while averting a government shutdown and sending the measure to President Barack Obama.
The bill, which narrowly cleared the House of Representatives on Thursday and survived a series of procedural hurdles to pass the Senate 56 votes to 40 during a rare weekend session, funds nearly all federal government agencies through next September.
But by funding the Department of Homeland Security until only February, it sets up a showdown over Obama's controversial immigration plan early next year, when a Congress under full Republican control will take another shot at rolling back the executive order shielding millions from deportation.
Despite the sometimes dramatic bickering between -- and within -- the two parties in the special session, the bill needed bipartisan cooperation to pass the Democratic-led chamber. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said the bill was an imperfect but necessary compromise.
"Since 2011, Congress has lurched from crisis to crisis, with the country constantly under threat of a shutdown or financial catastrophe. It is a bad habit, and the American people are sick of it," he said. Referring to America's tax and environment agencies, number two Senate Republican John Cornyn noted how the legislation "slashes spending for some of the president's most overreaching agencies like the IRS and EPA (and) blocks the administration's plan to transfer dangerous terrorists onto American soil" from the Guantanamo military prison.
Of the 40 no votes, 22 were Democrats, many of them furious that negotiators inserted deeply controversial policy riders into the package, including one that rolls back key financial regulations on Wall Street banks. Another eviscerates parts of existing campaign finance law by allowing wealthy donors to contribute dramatically more money to political campaigns than currently allowed.
Democratic Senator Richard Blumenthal voted no, saying the package was "poisoned by special favors flagrantly contrary to the public interest." The White House has indicated Obama will sign the bill. The battle over funding has been a bruiser. It included a revolt by House Democrats that nearly sank the measure earlier this week, and procedural delay tactics in the Senate.
Congress needed to pass funding extensions twice in as many days to keep government from tumbling into a shutdown, as leaders struggled to get the funding across the finish line and bid farewell to the 113th Congress, one of the least productive sessions in modern history.