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Home > Lifestyle News > Health And Fitness News > Article > World Liver Day 2024 How fatty liver can harm the health of pregnant women and babies

World Liver Day 2024: How fatty liver can harm the health of pregnant women and babies

Updated on: 19 April,2024 02:51 PM IST  |  Mumbai
mid-day online correspondent |

Liver problems are rampant in pregnant women. Doctor tells us how untreated fatty liver can give a tough time to a pregnant woman and her unborn baby

World Liver Day 2024: How fatty liver can harm the health of pregnant women and babies

Image for representational purposes only. Photo Courtesy: iStock

Liver problems are rampant in pregnant women and can give a tough time to the baby as well. Fatty liver disease or hepatic steatosis happens due to fat accumulation in the liver cells. While it is normal to have some fat in the liver, excessive fat buildup causes inflammation and damage to the organ. Hence, one can encounter complications such as liver cirrhosis or even liver failure if left untreated. 

On World Liver Day, celebrated annually on April 19, Dr Surabhi Siddhartha, consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist, Motherhood Hospital, Kharghar, highlights the impact of untreated fatty liver on pregnant women and babies.

The symptoms of fatty liver disease are fatigue, weakness, and abdominal discomfort. Moreover, pregnant women may also notice swelling in their abdomen or legs due to fluid retention. Fatty liver disease has consequences not just for the mother but also for the developing baby during pregnancy.

This is how fatty liver can give a tough time to the mother and her unborn baby

If left unchecked, this condition can lead to complications such as gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and even premature birth and can put the baby's life in danger.

The excess fat present in the liver can interfere with its essential functions, affecting nutrient absorption and detoxification processes required for the health of both the mother and the baby.

Fatty liver increases the risk of the baby developing obesity and insulin resistance. 

Studies have shown that babies born to mothers with fatty liver disease tend to experience developmental issues and long-term health problems that can reduce the quality of life. 

Expectant mothers need to prioritise their liver health by paying attention to diet, regular exercise, and medical supervision to safeguard both their well-being and that of their babies.

Pregnant women with fatty liver disease need tailor-made management to ensure optimal outcomes for both mother and baby. It is crucial for the experts to closely monitor the pregnant mother and the baby in the womb throughout pregnancy. 

Dietary modifications like eating fresh fruits vegetables, whole grains, and pulses, regular physical activity, and close monitoring of liver function tests are essential factors for managing fatty liver disease during pregnancy. Pregnant women should avoid processed, junk, oily, and canned foods that can further add to their agony. 

It will be imperative for the pregnant woman to follow the advice given by the doctor only. 

Pregnant women detected with fatty liver disease should stay in touch with the doctor regularly to get updates regarding their health status. This will help women to navigate through pregnancy without any challenges.

Disclaimer: This information does not replace professional medical advice. Consult a qualified specialist or your physician for personalised guidance.

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