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Two Gods in our brain

Updated on: 26 June,2022 07:20 AM IST  |  Mumbai
Devdutt Pattanaik |

Today, we know that both sides of the brain are needed for logic, mathematics, creativity, and the arts. But what is different is how the two sides of the brain pay attention to the world

Two Gods in our brain

Illustration/Devdutt Pattanaik

Devdutt PattanaikWe are familiar with that false idea that the left brain grants us logical thinking and mathematics and the right brain grants us creativity and abstract thinking, and that students of science and commerce have left brain orientation while students of the arts have right brain orientation. In this model, the left brain is more masculine, and the right brain is more feminine. No scientist agrees with this simplistic model anymore.

Today, we know that both sides of the brain are needed for logic, mathematics, creativity, and the arts. But what is different is how the two sides of the brain pay attention to the world.

While the left half of our brain focuses on the world, and seeks control over it, grasping it with the right hand, the right half of the brain seeks perspective of the world and seeks understanding of it. The left brain enables the predator to catch the prey. The right brain keeps a lookout for predators so that we do not become prey. The left brain has a narrow vision of the world that gets narrower as it seeks to control the world. The right brain has a wide vision of the world that gets wider as it seeks to appreciate the world. The left seeks useful functional knowledge. The right seeks meaning of it all. There is tension between the two which shapes our existence.

This idea is captured in mythologies around the world in the form of a pair of gods who complement each other and compete with each other. For example, in Rig Veda, we learn of Indra and Varuna. Indra is war-like and focused, striking the world with his thunderbolt. Varuna keeps a watch on the world, is more peaceful and collaborative, and casts a net to capture the whole world, only to realise the net needs to become bigger and bigger.

This becomes more elaborate in Vishnu mythology. Vishnu reclines on a serpent and rides an eagle. Both serpent and eagle are enemies. The serpent eats the eggs of the eagle and the eagle eats serpents. 

The serpent represents narrow vision or sarpa-drishti of the left brain and the eagle represents the wide vision or garuda-drishti of the right brain. Both are needed to preserve the world, and so natural enemies are made to work together by Vishnu.

In Norse mythology is a story of two Aesir gods: Hoenir and Mimir. They are always together and serve as great leaders together. Suspicious of their friendship, some gods behead Mimir. Now Hoenir can make no decisions. All he can say is, ‘Let others decide.’ Vanir here is like the right brain who sees so much that he cannot decide, while Mimir is focussed like the left brain that uses information and makes decisions. The two work as a team. Without Mimir, Vanir is paralysed. Without Vanir, Mimir is overconfident. 

We are taught to value one or the other, yet we need both to succeed—Indra and Varuna,  the eagle and the serpent, the masculine and the feminine, the left and the right. In yoga, when we focus (dhyan) the left brain is being activated; when we practice mindfulness and awareness (dharana) the right brain is being activated. If only politicians learnt that and did not split society and made it value one side over the other.

The author writes and lectures on the relevance of mythology in modern times. Reach him at

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