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Diwali 2022: How the festival of lights is celebrated across India

Updated on: 25 October,2022 04:08 PM IST  |  New Delhi

Observed across India, there are many regional differences in the celebrations and rituals including the different kinds of food made for the day

Diwali 2022: How the festival of lights is celebrated across India

Diwali will be celebrated today across the country in different forms. Image for representational purpose only. Photo Courtesy: istock

The festival of lights, more popularly known as Diwali is here, and is going to be celebrated in a very big way, especially after two years of the Covid-19 pandemic. Observed across India, there are many regional differences in the celebrations and rituals. In north India, this festival arrives at Dussehra.

On Diwali night, which is regarded as lucky, people also gamble in Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, and Punjab. Sikhs do not traditionally celebrate Diwali in Punjab, but they participate in the festivities and light their homes with candles and diyas. On the same night, the gurdwaras are also illuminated. Houses are adorned with candles, lights, diyas, bandhanwars, and rangolis in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, and other nearby areas. At night, Laxmi Puja is performed. There is a custom in some homes where a silver coin is placed in a milk tumbler before being sprinkled throughout the house. The celebrations include activities like gift-exchanging, house cleaning, gambling, redecorating, painting, and decorating the home.

In eastern India, the required rituals continue to be the lighting of lamps, candles, and diyas as well as crackers.

Laxmi Puja is observed in West Bengal six days after Durga Puja. Kali Puja is observed on Diwali. On the eve of Diwali, Goddess Kali is worshipped late into the night and the pandals can be found everywhere. Other customs stay the same. The celebration also includes the creation of rangoli patterns. The night of Diwali is also known as Pitripurush, the night of the ancestors, and diyas are lit on tall poles to help the departed on their journey to heaven. This custom is still practised in rural Bengal today.

Some of the traditional Diwali dishes across Indian states:

Anarsa (Maharashtra): Anarsa is a dessert made of rice flour and jaggery and is enjoyed as Diwali snacks.

Babroo (Himachal Pradesh): It's an irresistible treat from the land of Gods and is made of all-purpose flour, sugar and yeast. It might look like gulgule, but has a different taste and can stand out very easily.

Narikol Laru (Assam): It's a popular dessert of Assam and is otherwise known as coconut laddoo. It is prepared using shredded coconut, green cardamom powder, ghee and sugar.

Chhodo Shaak (West Bengal): As compared to the tradition of making sweets on the occasion of Diwali across India, West Bengal prepares a savoury dish called Chhodo Shaak, which is actually made using 14-green leafy vegetables.

Gavvalu (Andhra Pradesh): It's a sweet dish made of all-purpose flour, ghee, jaggery and water. The dough is made and then shaped just like gnocchi pasta, and then dipped into sugar syrup.

Mawa Kachori (Rajasthan): This exotic delicacy of Jodhpur is a scrumptious treat that has a sweet crust and a filling of mawa/khoya and mixed dry fruits. This kachori is dipped in a sugar syrup and will give you a mind-blowing experience.

Khaja (Bihar): The name of this dish literally means to just grab and munch on it. It's also made of a dough of all-purpose flour, which has several layers in it and then deep fried. It is further soaked in sugar syrup and is enjoyed on Diwali.

Diwali is a four-day celebration in Maharashtra. The first day, Vasubaras, is honoured by having a cow and calf Aarti performed. This represents the affection a mother has for her child. The following day is Dhanteras, also known as Dhanatrayodashi, which is observed similarly to other cultures. The third day, Narakchaturdashi, is when people visit temples and take scented oil baths early in the morning. Following this, the Maharashtrians indulge in a special Diwali meal that includes scrumptious desserts like karanji and laddoo as well as spicy foods like chakli and sev. Lakshmi Puja is performed on the fourth day of Diwali, which is the main festival day. Goddess Lakshmi, wealth-enhancing objects like money, and jewellery are worshipped.

The Tamil month of aipasi, also known as Naraka Chaturdasi thithi, is when Diwali is observed. The amavasai day comes before this one. Naraka Chaturdashi is the main day of the Diwali celebrations in south India. The oven is cleaned the day before the main day and then lime is spread all over it. On the water-filled oven, which is used for the oil bath on the main day, religious symbols are drawn.

Homeowners clean their buildings and adorn them with kolam patterns, which are comparable to rangolis in North India. The celebrations include lighting firecrackers and donning new clothing. For use on Diwali, a plate is kept with crackers and brand-new clothing. Diwali or Naraka Chaturdashi celebrations start with an oil bath before dawn on the morning of the holiday. After that, candy is consumed and fresh clothing is put on.

People take an oil bath on the first day, which is Ashwija Krishna Chaturdashi. It is believed that after killing Narakasura, Lord Krishna took the oil bath to wash the blood stains off his body. On the third day of Diwali, known as Bali Padyami, women decorate their homes with vibrant rangolis and construct forts out of cow dung. On this day, people commemorate various King Bali-related tales. These are the two main Diwali days in Karnataka.

Also Read: Diwali 2022: Mumbaikars excited to bring in the festival with homemade food, big celebrations 

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